Saturday, June 03, 2017

I.03.a.5. - Co-G - Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Georgia

[to return to the main document, click here, http://naturocrit.blogspot.com/]
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the Colorado Association of Naturopathic Doctors states:
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[re-searched 2017-05]
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[in "Samantha Edwards, ND, FABNO Cancer Treatment Centers of America" (2017)]
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"Dr. Edwards earned a doctorate degree in naturopathic medicine from National University of Health Sciences in Lombard, Illinois and received her bachelor’s degree from the University of Wisconsin-Madison";
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[in "Leslie Burgess Calm Spirit" (2017)]
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"naturopathic medicine was a good choice because it included all of the scientific rigor of a normal medical school";
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[in "Julie Barter Holistica Integrative Care" (2017)]
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"natural medicine is a second career for Dr. Barter [...] she managed the laboratory of approximately 50 researchers for five years, teaching others proper laboratory procedure and technique as well as equipment operation. This has put her in a unique position to be able to evaluate the validity and implications of scientific research on current medical issues";
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[in "Debra Rouse Optimum Wellness" (2017)]
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"I 'geek-out' over nutrition research and the latest scientific discoveries in natural medicine";
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(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
https://web.archive.org/web/*/https://coloradond.org/members-by-city/item/debra-rouse)
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[in "The Doctor Said So Treat the Patient" (2017)]
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"for numerous reasons, our scientific community has only minimally studied and documented our human powers of self-healing. I appreciate the contribution western science has made to my understanding of healing; however, I did not learn to heal myself by reading scientific journals";
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[in "Alison Egeland ND Attune Functional Medicine" (2017)]
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"Dr. Alison Egeland obtained her doctorate of naturopathic medicine at National University of Health Sciences in Lombard, IL and has completed additional training in functional medicine.  Utilizing a holistic approach, she works with each individual to understand his or her unique health challenges and goals.  Some of the treatments may include diet and lifestyle changes, targeted vitamin and nutrient therapy, botanical medicine, homeopathy, hydrotherapy and detoxification";
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[in "Debby Hamilton, MD" {yes, medical doctor} (2017)]
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"she completed her M.D. degree at the University of Health Sciences in Chicago [...] she completed her masters of science degree in public health (MSPH) at the University of Colorado Health Sciences Center";
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[in "Naturopathic Medicine" (2017)]
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"naturopathic doctors cooperate with other branches of medical science";
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[in "Gregory Pais Gregory Pais" (2017)]
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"grounded in the science of naturopathic medicine, Dr. Pais’s passion and love for natural living and healthy eating permeates his practice";
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[in "Resources" (2013)]
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"naturopathic medical schools [include] National University of Health Sciences";
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(click here,
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(click here,
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a.
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[in "About Naturopathic Medicine" (2013]
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"naturopathic doctors cooperate with all other branches of medical science";
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(click here,
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(click here,
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b.
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[in "About Naturopathic Medicine" (2009-2012)]
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"naturopathic doctors cooperate with all other branches of medical science [...and mentions] modern scientific principles";
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(click here,
http://www.coloradond.org/natmed.htm)[vsc 2010-04-30, 2012-02-12]
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
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(click here,
(archived here,
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(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
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[in "Take Back Your Health: Fall 2010 Legislative Update" (2012)]
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"there is a growing body of scientific data that supports the use of natural therapies [...] naturopathic doctors (NDs) [...] study the same basic sciences as primary care medical doctors";
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(click here,
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[in "About The Colorado Association of Naturopathic Doctors" (2012)]
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"naturopathic doctors integrate scientific knowledge and standards with the healing power and wisdom of nature [vitalism!]";
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(click here,
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[in "Naturopathic Medicine" (2008)]
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"naturopathic doctors cooperate with all other branches of medical science [...and they mention] modern scientific principles";
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(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
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[in "What is Naturopathic Medicine?" (2007)]
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“naturopathic doctors are trained in modern science [...] plants and plant extracts [...are used per] traditional and modern scientific principles [...] Lust [...] combined the study of modern medical science with the study of natural therapies and philosophy [...] the CNME requires four years of graduate level study in medical sciences and naturopathic therapeutics [...] a chiropractic college added a naturopathic program and although already regionally accredited is seeking recognition and approval of their program from the CNME: National University of Health Sciences";
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(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here, 
http://web.archive.org/web/*/http://www.coanp.org/naturopathicmedicine.php)
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[in "Regulation of a Medical Profession Protects the Public and Ensures the Quality of Care Provided" (2007)]
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"naturopathic doctors have been educated at in-resident four-year programs [...] students are trained in basic sciences and clinical practice and tested in skills and competence. This tradition of thorough education and training dates back to the first naturopaths that Benedict Lust trained a century ago";
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(click here,
(also here,
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[in "Training and Education of Naturopathic Doctors" (2007)]
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"naturopathic doctors [...] training consists of comprehensive study of the conventional medical sciences [...and schools for an ND include] National University of Health Sciences";
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(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
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[in "About the Association" (2005)]
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"naturopathic doctors integrate scientific knowledge and standards with the healing power and wisdom of nature [vitalism!]";
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(click here,
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[in "What is Naturopathic Medicine?" (2003)]
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"naturopathic doctors cooperate with all other branches of medical science”;
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(archived here,
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the State of Colorado Department of Regulatory Agencies states:
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[re-searched 2017-06]
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[in "Office of Naturopathic Doctor Registration: Applications and Forms" (2017)]
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"what are the approved naturopathic medical programs to qualify for registration? [...] National University of Health Sciences (NUHS): Lombard, IL";
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[in "Naturopathic Physicians: Submitted by the Colorado Department of Regulatory Agencies, June 1993"]
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"some skeptics of the effectiveness of homeopathic remedies contend that they lack a scientific rationale [...] in response to the skeptics, a British biochemistry professor concluded in a 1984 edition of the British Homeopathic Journal: 'despite a great deal of experimental and clinical work there is only a little scientific evidence to suggest that homeopathy is effective. This is because of bad design, execution, reporting or failure to repeat promising experimental work and not necessarily because of the inefficacy of the system which has yet to be properly tested on a large enough scale' [...] there is disparity among the scientific community as to the effectiveness of hydrotherapy [...] the U.S. Department of Education recognizes the Council on Naturopathic Medical Education (CNME) as the national agency for accreditation of naturopathic medical curriculum. The CNME requires four years of graduate level study in medical sciences and naturopathic therapeutics [...] the naturopathic medical college program is a 4-year post-graduate curriculum consisting of two years of instruction in basic sciences [...] during the third and fourth years, the emphasis is on the clinical sciences [...] naturopathic medical education provides leadership in integrating Western medical sciences and diagnostics with traditional therapies from diverse cultures [...] naturopathic and major medical schools comparative curricula [...] basic and clinical sciences including: anatomy, cell biology, physiology, pathology, neurosciences, clinical/physical diagnosis, histology, genetics, biochemistry, pharmacology, lab diagnosis, pharmacognosy, biostatistics, epidemiology, public health, history, philosophy, ethics, research and other coursework [...NCNM] 2070 [...Bastyr] 1891 [...JH] 1794 [...Mayo] 1640 [...Yale] 1457 [...Stanford] 1401";
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(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
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the Connecticut Naturopathic Physicians Association states:
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[re-searched 2017-05]
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[in "Resources" (2017)]
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"National University of Health Sciences";
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(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
https://web.archive.org/web/*/https://cnpaonline.org/resources/)
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[in "Executive Summary Naturopathic Practice Act Modernization 2017" (2017)]
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"the four year post-graduate ND education includes a curriculum with the same biomedical sciences as allopathic physician education for medical doctors (MDs). In fact, the UB requires more hours of basic and clinical science than many top medical schools";
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[in "HB 5534 Legislator Education" (2017)]
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"total instructional hours at UBCNM are 4515 hours, comprising 765 hours of basic sciences; 2358 hours of clinical sciences; and 1392 hours of clinical practice";
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[in "Fairfield County Naturopaths {p.1}" (2017)]
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"University of Bridgeport Naturopathic Medicine Clinic 60 Lafayette Street Bridgeport, CT 06604 Phone: (203) 576-4349 Web: www.bridgeport.edu/academics/health-sciences-programs/ub-clinics/naturopathic-medicine-clinic/";
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[in "Healing Arts: Changing the Script Naturopathic Physicians Seek Authority to Write Prescriptions" (2017)]
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"the training in the basic sciences is the same as a student in medical school would receive [...] the University of Bridgeport’s Health Sciences Center [...] ND students at UB take two years of sciences — as a medical doctor would [...] Dr. David Brady, vice provost for health sciences at UB";
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[in "Naturopathic Doctors in Connecticut" (2017)]
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"David M. Brady, ND, CCN [...] he is the vice provost of the Division of Health Sciences";
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[in "CT Legislative Success" (2017)]
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"the practice of natureopathy means the science, art and practice of healing by natural methods [...] the practice of the mechanical and material sciences of healing as follows: the mechanical sciences such as [...] material sciences such as [...] material sciences of healing as described in subdivision";
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(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
https://web.archive.org/web/*/https://cnpaonline.org/2014/06/ct-legislative-success/)
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[in "Prescriptive Authority for Naturopathic Physicians" (2017)]
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"NDs are broadly trained in the pre-clinical sciences [...] NDs are educated in all of the same basic sciences and clinical diagnostic methods at the same level as medical and osteopathic doctors [...] comparison of basic science education for different physician types [...] naturopathic [...] anatomy [...] 350 [...] physiology [...] 250 [...] biochemistry [...] 125 [...] pharmacology [...] 100 [...] pathology [...] 125 [...] microbiology / immunology [...] 175 [...] Jenson [...] 1997 [...] a recent comparison of the basic science education of naturopathic medical students at Bastyr University and allopathic medical students at the University of Washington showed a nearly identical credit load [...] NPLEX has undertaken psychometric evaluation of all aspects of its examination, trained more than 100 naturopathic physicians and basic science faculty (PhDs) in item writing techniques [...] Passage of the NPLEX Part II - Core Clinical Science Examination requires that the entry-level ND know [...] in addition to being provided with a scientific foundation [...] National University of Health Sciences (NHUS), Chicago, IL [...] students in the doctor of naturopathic medicine program at NHUS";
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[in "Brady UB Statement on Current Law" (2015)]
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"Division of Health Sciences David M. Brady, ND, DC, CCN, DACBN Vice Provost, Health Sciences [...] David M. Brady, ND, DC, CCN, DACBNVice Provost, Health Sciences Director, Human Nutrition Institute Associate Professor of Clinical Sciences University of Bridgeport";
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(click here,
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(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
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[in "Legislative Meeting Sunday Jan. 18th 11-1pm" (2015)]
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"David M. Brady, ND (UB-Vice Provost-Health Sciences)";
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(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
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[in "University of Bridgeport Naturopathic Medicine Clinic" (2015)]
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"60 Lafayette Street Bridgeport, CT 06604 Phone: (203) 576-4349 Web: www.bridgeport.edu/academics/health-sciences-programs/ub-clinics/naturopathic-medicine-clinic/";
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(click here,
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(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
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[in "Fairfield County Naturopaths {p.2}" (2015)]
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"David M.Brady, ND,CCN Whole Body Medicine 5520 Park Avenue Suite 301 Trumbull , CT 06611 Phone: (203) 371-8258 Website: http://www.drdavidbrady.com/ Email: info@wholebodymed.com Dr. Brady is a licensed Naturopathic Physician and Clinical Nutritionist, He is the vice provost of the Division of Health Sciences, director of the Human Nutrition Institute";
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(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
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[in "David M. Brady, ND, CCN" (2015)]
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"Dr. Brady is a licensed Naturopathic Physician and Clinical Nutritionist, He is the vice provost of the Division of Health Sciences, director of the Human Nutrition Institute, and associate professor of clinical sciences at the University of Bridgeport in Connecticut";
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(click here,
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(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
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[in "Naturopathic Practice Act Modernization 2015" (2015)]
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"the four year post-graduate ND education includes a curriculum with the same biomedical sciences as allopathic physician education for medical doctors (MDs). In fact, the UBCNM program actually requires more hours of basic and clinical science than many top medical schools [...] David M. Brady, ND, DC, CCN, DACBN Vice Provost Health Sciences University of Bridgeport";
(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
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[in "Michael Gazsi, ND [NCNM]" (2014)]
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"naturopathic physicians [...] practice is based on the same, basic, bio-medical science foundation that allopathic medicine is";
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(click here,
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(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
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[in "Executive Summary Naturopathy Practice Act Modernization 2014" (2014)]
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"the four year post-graduate ND education includes a curriculum with the same biomedical sciences as allopathic physician education for medical doctors (MDs) [...] the UBCNM program actually requires more hours of basic and clinical science than many top medical schools";
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(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
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[in "Assistant Professor of Clinical Sciences Position Available" (2014)]
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"assistant professor of clinical sciences [...] the University of Bridgeport College of Naturopathic Medicine invites applications for a full-time tenure track faculty position at the initial rank of assistant professor";
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(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
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the State of Connecticut states:
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[re-searched 2017-06]
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[apparently "natureopathy" is their preferred spelling] 
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[in "Public Health Committee Testimony for HB-06797" (2017)]
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"David M. Brady, Vice Provost, University of Bridgeport Health Sciences";
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[in "From: jsonick@gmail.com [jsonick@gmail.com] On Behalf Of Jason Nickerson [jason@greenbeltmgmt.com]" (2017)]
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"Michelle Sexton ND Research Faculty, Bastyr University San Diego, CA [...] I have been the chair of the scientific advisory board for Americans for Safe Access, as well as a current member of the Board of Directors [...] Research Scientist University of Washington";
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[in "State of Connecticut State Board of Natureopathic Examiners Re: Whether A Natureopathic Physician Licensed In Coooecticut Is AuthorizedTo Perform Diagnostic Procedures Utilizing Substances Other Than Natural Substances As Defined By Connecticut General Statutes § 20-34(b)" (2017)]
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"Connecticut General Statutes [...] defines the practice of natureopathy, in pertinent part, as follows: the science, art and practice of healing by natural methods [...] the practice of the mechanical and material sciences of healing as follows [...] the mechanical sciences [...] the material sciences";
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[in "Report to the General Assembly An Act Concerning the Department of Public Health's Oversight Responsibilities relating to Scope of Practice Determinations: Scope of Practice Review Committee Report on Certified Classical Homeopaths Jewel Mullen, MD, MPH, MPA, Commissioner 02/01/2012" (2017)]
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"although some scope of practice review committee members raised concerns regarding the scientific basis for homeopathic remedies and the philosophy of homeopathic practitioners related to medical treatments such as vaccinations/ immunizations, these topics were outside the discussions of this review committee [...] from the allopathic/traditional medicine point of view, the foundation in health care and basic health sciences produces a practitioner who can address all of a patient's issues [...] it is a scientific therapeutic method [...] the Homeopathic Pharmacopeia Convention of the United States (HPCUS), a non-governmental, nonprofit scientific organization composed of experts [...] human health sciences [...] comparison of homeopathic educational requirements [...] naturopathic physicians [...] comprehensive board exam that incorporates health sciences and homeopathy [...] these recommendations are made with a recognition that homeopathy is based in a vitalist paradigm [...] vitalism is the science or doctrine that all functions of the living organism are due to an unseen vital principle distinct from all chemical and physical forces) [...] which views healthrelated events from a perspective that may differ significantly from that of the prevailing medical paradigm [...] promote the art and science of homeopathy through appropriate research";
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[in "University of Bridgeport College of Naturopathic Medicine February 20, 2013" (2017)]
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"College of Naturopathic Medicine February 20, 2013 [...] in keeping with the multidisciplinary health sciences division at University of Bridgeport, UBCNM [...] Elizabeth Pimentel, ND Dean";
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[in "Agenda State of Connecticut State Board of Natureopathic Examiners Friday, May 17, 2013 at 9:00 AM" (2017)]
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"National University of Health Sciences Naturopathic Medicine Program Lombard, Illinois; Southwest College of Naturopathic Medicine & Health Sciences Tempe, AZ";
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[in "Report on Bills Favorably Reported by Committee" (2017)]
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"Southwest College of Naturopathic Medicine & Health Sciences (Scottsdale, Arizona)";
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(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
https://web.archive.org/web/*/https://www.cga.ct.gov/ps98/jfr/s/sb-0346-ph.htm)
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[in "Agenda State of Connecticut State Board of Natureopathic Examiners Friday, June 19 2009 at 8:30 AM" (2017)]
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"National University of Health Sciences Naturopathic Medicine Program Lombard, Illinois 60148 [...] Southwest College of Naturopathic Medicine & Health Sciences Tempe, AZ";
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[in "Agenda State of Connecticut State Board of Natureopathic Examiners Friday, December 11, 2015 at 8:30 AM" (2017)]
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"Southwest College of Naturopathic Medicine & Health Sciences [...] National University of Health Sciences Naturopathic Medicine Program 200 E. Roosevelt Road Lombard, Illinois 60148 Phone: 800.826.6285 Fax: 630.889.6600 www.nuhs.edu";
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[in "Agenda State of Connecticut State Board of Natureopathic Examiners Friday, June 22, 2007 at 8:30 AM" (2017)]
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"Southwest College of Naturopathic Medicine & Health Sciences";
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[in "The Connecticut State Board of Natureopathic Examiners Held a Meeting on February 5, 2010 at the Department of Public Health" (2017)]
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"National University of Health Sciences Naturopathic Medicine Program Lombard, Illinois 60148; Southwest College of Naturopathic Medicine & Health Sciences Tempe, AZ";
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[in "March 06, 2015 Connecticut Public Health Committee Dear Committee Members" (2017)]
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"Division of Health Sciences David M. Brady, ND, DC, CCN, DACBN Vice Provost, Health Sciences [...] I am writing in strong support of H.B. No. 6275 AN ACT CONCERNING CERTIFICATION OF ADVANCED DENTAL HYGIENE PRACTITIONERS. I serve as the Vice Provost for Health Sciences and Director of the Human Nutrition Institute of the University of Bridgeport [...] Division of Health Sciences David M. Brady, ND, DC, CCN, DACBN Vice Provost, Health Sciences David M. Brady, ND, DC, CCN, DACBN Vice Provost, Health Sciences Director, Human Nutrition Institute Associate Professor of Clinical Sciences University of Bridgeport";
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[in "Agenda State of Connecticut State Board of Natureopathic Examiners  Friday, February 5, 2016 at 8:30 AM Department of Public Health" (2017)]
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"National University of Health Sciences Naturopathic Medicine Program Lombard, Illinois; Southwest College of Naturopathic Medicine & Health Sciences Tempe, AZ";
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[in "The Connecticut State Board of Natureopathic Examiners Held a Meeting on March 16, 2012 at the Department of Public Health" (2017)]
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"National University of Health Sciences Naturopathic Medicine Program Lombard, Illinois; Southwest College of Naturopathic Medicine & Health Sciences Tempe, AZ";
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[in "The Connecticut State Board of Natureopathic Examiners Held a Meeting on March 13, 2009 at the Department of Public Health" (2017)]
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"National University of Health Sciences Naturopathic Medicine Program Lombard, Illinois 60148; Southwest College of Naturopathic Medicine & Health Sciences Tempe, AZ";
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[in "The Connecticut State Board of Natureopathic Examiners Held a Meeting on February 2, 2007 at the Department of Public Health" (2017)]
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"Southwest College of Naturopathic Medicine & Health Sciences [...] Dr. Raistrick raised the topic of a seminar in the Science and Application of Laser Therapy that is offered by the Irradia Medical Laser Systems and Education";
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[in "State Board of Natureopathic Examiners Agenda State of Connecticut State Monday, August 18, 2014 at 8:30 AM Department of Public Health" (2017)]
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"National University of Health Sciences Naturopathic Medicine Program Lombard, Illinois; Southwest College of Naturopathic Medicine & Health Sciences Tempe, AZ";
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[in "The Connecticut State Board of Natureopathic Examiners Held a Meeting on March 11, 2011 at the Department of Public Health" (2017)]
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"National University of Health Sciences Naturopathic Medicine Program Lombard, Illinois [...] Southwest College of Naturopathic Medicine & Health Sciences Tempe, AZ";
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[in "Agenda State of Connecticut State Board of Natureopathic Examiners Friday, June 15, 2012 at 8:30 AM Department of Public Health" (2017)]
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"National University of Health Sciences Naturopathic Medicine Program Lombard, Illinois; Southwest College of Naturopathic Medicine & Health Sciences Tempe, AZ";
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[in "Testimony of Mariah Hinchey ND, Submitted to the Public Health Committee Wednesday, February 20, 2013" (2017)] 
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"in all regulated U.S. and Canadian jurisdictions, including Vermont, naturopathic
physicians ('NDs') are required to graduate from a college which is accredited by the CNME. In these accredited programs, NDs are broadly trained in the pre-clinical sciences and the clinical disciplines [...] NDs are educated in all of the same basic sciences and clinical diagnostic methods at the same level as medical and osteopathic doctors [...] Comparison of Basic Science Education for Different Physician Types [...] a recent comparison of the basic science education of naturopathic medical students at Bastyr University and allopathic medical students at the University of Washington showed a nearly identical credit load [...] 100 naturopathic physicians and basic science faculty (PhDs) [...] passage of the NPLEX Part 11 - Core Clinical Science Examination requires that the entry-level ND know [...] learning outcomes throughout CCNM's extensive four year curricula are taught to naturopathic students to enable them to competently prescribe pharmacologic agents used in primary care practice. In addition to being provided with a scientific foundation as well [...] National University of Health Sciences (NHUS), Chicago, IL.  Students in the Doctor of Naturopathic Medicine program at NHUS"; 
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[in "The Connecticut State Board of Natureopathic Examiners held a meeting on February 22, 2013 at the Department of Public Health" (2017)]
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"National University of Health Sciences Naturopathic Medicine Program Lombard, Illinois; Southwest College of Naturopathic Medicine & Health Sciences Tempe, AZ";
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[in "Testimony of David M. Brady, ND Presented before the Public Health Committee Regarding Inclusion of Language on Naturopathic Medicine Scope of Practice in H.B. No. 5537 (RAISED)" (2017)]
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"Division of Health Sciences David M. Brady, ND, DC, CCN, DACBN Vice Provost, Health Sciences [...] I spend the bulk of my professional time serving as the Vice Provost of the Division of Health Sciences [...] and an associate professor of clinical sciences at the University of Bridgeport [...] our UB Clinics, both at the oncampus Health Sciences Center [...] a licensed naturopathic physician (ND) attends a four‐year, graduate‐level naturopathic medical school and is educated in all of the same basic sciences as an MD [...] the naturopathic physician trained at a CNMEaccredited 4‐year naturopathic medical program uses elements which have emerged in the scientific literature as essential in the prevention and management of chronic complex disease [...] David M. Brady, ND, DC, CCN, DACBN Vice Provost, Health Sciences Director, Human Nutrition Institute Associate Professor of Clinical Sciences University of Bridgeport";
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[in "The Connecticut State Board of Natureopathic Examiners Held a Meeting on February 21, 2014 at the Department of Public Health, 410 Capitol Avenue, Third Floor Hearing Room, Hartford, Connecticut" (2017)]
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"National University of Health Sciences Naturopathic Medicine Program Lombard, Illinois Southwest College of Naturopathic Medicine & Health Sciences Tempe, AZ";
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[in "Public Health Committee Joint Favorable Report Bill No.:HB-6797 Title: An Act Concerning the Practice of Naturopathy. Vote Date: 3/27/2015" (2017)]
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"the bill modifies the definition of naturopathy and its scope of practice to specifically include the practice of 'physical sciences of healing' instead of 'mechanical and material sciences' [...] DPH opposes House Bill 6797 because it is not aware of any definition of naturopath that describes naturopathy as the practice of physical and therapeutic sciences [...] Dr. David M. Brady, Vice Provost of Health Sciences, University of Bridgeport";
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[in "February 20, 2013 Dear Public Health Committee Members" (2017)]
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"Division of Health Sciences David M. Brady, ND, DC, CCN, DACBN Vice Provost, Health Sciences [...] the University of Bridgeport (UB) has a growing Division of Health Sciences committed to providing excellent degree programs in integrative medicine, including programs in naturopathic medicine, chiropractic, physician assistant, acupuncture, dental hygiene, and nutrition. Founded in 1927, UB has strong and long-established accredited health sciences programs that include many firsts. The University's College of Naturopathic Medicine was the first such college to be located within a comprehensive university in the United States and is the only CNME accredited naturopathic program in the eastern US [...] I travel nationally and internationally as a thought leader, author and educator in integrative medicine speaking at the major conferences and scientific symposiums in the filed teaching mainly medical physicians how to incorporate and integrate evidence-based naturopathic approaches with standard medical care and then return home unable to practice much of what I just was brought in to teach [...] David M. Brady, ND, DC, CCN, DACBN Vice Provost, Health Sciences Director, Human Nutrition Institute University of Bridgeport Associate Professor of Clinical Sciences";
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[in "Testimony of David M. Brady, ND Presented before the Public Health Committee Regarding Inclusion of Prescriptive Authority for Naturopathic Medicine Physicians in H.B. No. 6797 (Raised): An Act Concerning the Practice of Naturopathy" (2017)]
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"[letterhead] Division of Health Sciences David M. Brady, ND, DC, CCN, DACBN Vice Provost, Health Sciences [...] I live and practice in Trumbull, CT and also serve as the Vice Provost for Health Sciences at the University of Bridgeport and have previously served as the Dean of the College of Naturopathic Medicine at the University [...] a licensed naturopathic physician (ND) attends a four-year naturopathic medical school and is educated in all of the same basic sciences as an MD [...] David M. Brady, ND, DC, CCN, DACBN Vice Provost, Health Sciences Director, Human Nutrition Institute Associate Professor of Clinical Sciences University of Bridgeport";
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[in "Chairmen: Senator Doyle" (2017)]
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"the new University of Bridgeport Health Science Center houses the Fones Dental Hygiene Clinic. Also, in our Health Science Center, we have acupuncture, nursing, naturopathic, and chiropractic clinics";
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[in "Dr.Richard Malik <doctor@maliknd.com>" (2017)]
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"NDs are broadly trained in the pre-clinical sciences and the clinical disciplines [...] NDs are educated in all of the same basic sciences and clinical diagnostic methods at the same level as medical and osteopathic doctors [...] comparison of basic science education for different physician types [...] a recent comparison of the basic science education of naturopathic medical students at Bastyr University and allopathic medical students at the University of Washington showed a nearly identical credit load [...] 100 naturopathic physicians and basic science faculty (PhDs) [...] passage of the NPLEX Part]] - Core Clinical Science Examination requires that the entry-level ND know [...] [...] learning outcomes throughout CCNM's extensive four year curricula are taught to naturopathic students to enable them to competently prescribe pharmacologic agents used in primary care practice. In addition to being provided with a scientific foundation [...] National University of Health Sciences (NHUS), Chicago, IL [...] a continuing education program means classes, institutes, lectures, conferences, workshops, naturopathic journals, scientific journals, audio, video, or online presentations, and preceptorships";
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[in "Rick Liva RPh, ND Legislative Chairman CNPA HB 5537 Testimony" (2017)]
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"NDs are broadly trained in the pre-clinical sciences and the clinical disciplines [...] NDs are educated in all of the same basic sciences and clinical diagnostic methods at the same level as medical and osteopathic doctors [...] comparison of basic science education for different physician types [...] a recent comparison of the basic science education of naturopathic medical students at Bastyr University and allopathic medical students at the University of Washington showed a nearly identical credit load [...] 100 naturopathic physicians and basic science faculty (PhDs) [...] the NPLEX Part II - Core Clinical Science Examination requires that the entry-level ND know [...] in addition to being provided with a scientific foundation as well as specific training in pharmacology [...] National University of Health Sciences (NHUS), Chicago, IL. Students in the Doctor of Naturopathic Medicine program at NHUS are required to take [...] the practice of naturopathic medicine means the science, art and practice of healing that comprises diagnosis, prevention and treatment of disease and health optimization by stimulation and support of the body's natural healing processes [...] the practice of the mechanical and material sciences of healing as follows: the mechanical sciences such as [...] and the material sciences such as";
.
.
.
[in "Re: Prescriptive Authority for Naturopathic Physicians" (2017)]
.
"NDs are broadly trained in the pre-clinical sciences and the clinical disciplines [...] NDs are educated in all of the same basic sciences and clinical diagnostic methods at the same level as medical and osteopathic doctors [...] Comparison of Basic Science Education for Different Physician Types [...] a recent comparison of the basic science education of naturopathic medical students at Bastyr University and allopathic medical students at the University of Washington showed a nearly identical credit load [...] 100 naturopathic physicians and basic science faculty (PhDs) [...] passage of the NPLEX Part II - Core Clinical Science Examination requires that the entry-level ND know [...] learning outcomes throughout CCNM's extensive four year curricula are taught to naturopathic students to enable them to competently prescribe pharmacologic agents used in primary care practice. In addition to being provided with a scientific foundation as well as specific training in pharmacology [...] National University of Health Sciences (NHUS), Chicago, IL Students in the Doctor ofNaturopathic Medicine program at NHUS are required to take 90 hours of basic pharmacology";
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.
.
[in "Executive Summary Written by Enrico Liva ND Naturopathic Practice Act Modernization2016 House Bill 5534 An Act Concerning the Practice of Naturopathy" (2017)]
.
"the four year post-graduate ND education includes a curriculum with the same biomedical sciences as allopathic physician education for Medical Doctors (MDs) [...] UBCNM program actually requires more hours of basic and clinical science than many top medical schools";
.
.
.
[in "Statement of Mikyle S. Byrd-Vaughn, N.D. Before the Public Health Committee Senate Bill 261 March 7, 2012" (2017)]
.
"pharmacology is also covered in part in numerous clinical science courses, such as cardiology and endocrinology, in addition to nutrition and botanical medicine courses where known or suspected interactions are discussed in detail [...] for over 10 years, the University of Bridgeport College of Naturopathic Medicine has had its medical residents’ complete rotations at Yale-Griffin Hospital’s Integrated Medical Center. In addition, as a part of the Health Sciences programs at the University of Bridgeport, the students University of Bridgeport College of Naturopathic Medicine 60 Lafayette Street Bridgeport, CT 06604
have been invited to St. Vincent’s Hospital to perform medical rounds along with other medical students";
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.
[in "Report to the General Assembly A Report based on the Committee on the Practice of Naturopathy Convened Pursuant to Special Act 16-3 Raul Pino, MD, MPH, Commissioner February 17, 2017" (2017)]
.
"[91 instances of the root scien] the practice of naturopathy means the science, art and practice of healing by natural methods as recognized by the Council of Naturopathic Medical Education [...] the material sciences such as [...] the practice of mechanical and material sciences of healing as described in subdivision (2) [...] the Department shared that, in preparation for this committee, finding evidence-based literature on naturopathy is difficult as naturopathy is based more on philosophy compared to conventional medicine, which is based on science and research (Appendix E) [...] total instructional hours at UBCNM are 4515 hours, comprising 765 hours of basic sciences; 2358 hours of clinical sciences and 1392 hours of clinical practice [...] the rationale for this opinion was the lack of scientific foundation of the profession of naturopathy, and a lack of commitment to evidence-based therapy [...] Massachusetts College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences, Clinical Pharmacology Review for Naturopathic Physicians [...] APRN's and even PA's spend the bulk of their t.ime studying scientific disciplines that relate ultimately to prescriptive authority [...] naturopaths receive two semesters of pharmacology as part of their basic medical science curriculum [...] the philosophical underpinning of naturopathic medicine is fundamentally at odds with modern medical practice. Naturopathic medicine is based on the core belief that the human body can heal illness without external or synthetic agents and it embraces old and outdated medical traditions many of which have no scientific basis or proven effectiveness [...] science based medicine [...] medical students, on the other hand, begin with a strong foundation in basic medical science [...] students competing for a spot in a medical school have to do well in all of their classwork and especially in rigorous science and math pre-medical subjects [...] they begin their medical school careers with a solid understanding of the scientific method and its application to care [...] these deficiencies have been made clear to the leadership of the naturopaths in Connecticut and to Vice Provost of the Health Sciences Division of the University of Bridgeport, David Brady, ND. They have chosen not to address them [...]  Judy Singer, Dip. Applied Science (Naturopathy) [...] evidence-based medicine (EBM) has been advocated as a new paradigm in orthodox medicine and as a methodology for natural medicines, which are often accused of lacking an adequate scientific basis [...] For instance from a pro-EBM position, it has been suggested that the evidence accepted by naturopathic practitioners is less valid and less reliable than 'science-based' evidence. This is the kind of unresearched dogma that has stimulated the writing of this paper [...] that is, natural scientific and medical reasoning are relevant and sometimes part of CAM and allied modalities, but they do not necessarily represent the dominant or preferred logic of these practitioners [...] rhetoric about the dangers of nonorthodox medicine has been so abundant in scientific medical journals, the media, and science dominated tertiary institutions, such that bashing the nonorthodox has virtually become common sense for medical doctors and professional scientists [...] as Singer and others have pointed out, CAM is a biomedical construction that tends to presuppose and validate the idea that CAM should converge toward the logic of biomedical and scientific orthodoxy [...] the authors argue that a hierarchy of knowledge that privileges the randomized controlled trial (RCT), 'scientific objectivity,'statistically based 'truths,' and other canards, runs counter to most naturopathic ideologies and practice; and that demands from doctors, scientists, and policy makers for more hard evidence in the mix will contribute only tangentially to a further understanding of these medicines [...] this perspective does not reject science, evidence, or empirical research, which will become more apparent in the following [...] rather, the authors simply contend that these more traditionally based beliefs and practices are often marginalized and excluded by opponents and fellow [...] by best available clinical evidence we mean clinically relevant research often from the basic sciences of medicine [...] 'basic' scientific research [...] the more insidious effect of this scientistic approach to evidence is that other naturopathic (and alternative) practitioners may simply assume that their craft is actually incompatible with 'legitimate' science and medicine, and that they are just silly or nonscientific [...] this line of analysis speaks to the idea of paradigmatic difference and the logical inability of orthodox medicine or science in correcting, or co-opting, healing modalities that are based in traditional approaches to health and healing [...] naturopathic research can proceed using evidence that is scientifically valid (i.e., empirically testable) [...] empiric evidence remains critically important, but science and the proponents of EBM need to be further educated about the wisdom of tradition [...] in Australia, naturopaths are typically trained in a number of modalities, usually herbal medicine, nutrition, homeopathy and tactile therapies (massage). Within clinical practice, practitioners may specialize in area(s) of interest. Practitioners may vary in the extent to which they embrace science and medicine as fundamental in their beliefs and practices [...] naturopathy, a Western nonbiomedical ethnomedicine is based on holistic and vitalistic principles whereas biomedicine, the prevailing ethnomedicine is based on scientific reductionist principles [...] the notion of 'the whole being greater than the sum of the parts' epitomizes the philosophical differences between 'traditional naturopathy' and scientific medicine [...] traditional naturopathy does not easily fit into a scientific research model [...] according to the parameters set by the scientific model resulting in the marginalization and corruption of 'traditional naturopathic knowledge' [...] this is exemplified in the practice of 'scientific herbal medicine' (phytomedicine) [...] the knowledge base of traditional naturopathy is taken out of context and inappropriately manipulated to fit a scientific paradigm [...] if they are not given a deep understanding of what holism and vitalism means, rather only the small range of science-based versions of CAM as validated by EBM, then the profession will change and holism as a concept will become diluted [...] EBM has been touted as a 'new paradigm' and as a corrective for outdated, bad or unscientific practices [...] it does not follow that doctors, scientists, or any bureaucrats should have a monopoly on the meaning and deployment of evidence [...] clinical training taught researcher Joshua Goldenberg, ND, that medicine is both a science and an art [...] 'I came to naturopathic medicine from a conventional medical background and believe that, for naturopathic medicine to evolve and become more effective, the field needs to bridge the worlds of science and naturopathic philosophy. The study suggests that's happening' [...] it's a significant finding for a discipline sometimes seen in tension with scientific conventions [...] naturopathic medicine rests on the philosophy of vis medicatrix naturae — the healing power of nature. While naturopaths have conducted and used clinical research for years, they stress that there are things conventional science cannot measure, such as the body's natural ability to heal. The findings suggest the profession is growing more comfortable integrating science and nature, says lead author Joshua Goldenberg, ND ('13) [...] Dr. Guiltinan describes evidence-based medicine as 'scientific evidence, clinical judgment, and patient values, all weighted equally' [...] Dr. Goldenberg grew interested in naturopathic attitudes after his journey working in conventional science and discovering that healing requires more than science [...] during his Bastyr studies, he discovered that the scientific dimension of medicine and the vis, or vitalistic dimension, are not exclusive — they aid each other [...] Dr. Guiltinan also comes from a scientific background [...] total Instructional hours at UBCNM are 4515 hours, comprising 765 hours of basic sciences; 2358 hours of clinical sciences; and 1392 hours of clinical practice [...] licensure / registration & prescriptive authority [...] NPLEX examinations required for licensure / registration[...] Part I – Biomedical Science [...] Part II [...] Core Clinical Science [...] naturopathic medicine - a distinct system of primary health care - an art, science, philosophy and practice of diagnosis, treatment and prevention of illness. Naturopathic medicine is distinguished by the principles which underlie and determine its practice. These principles are based upon the objective observation of the nature of health and disease, and are continually re-examined in the light of scientific advances. Methods used are consistent with these principles and are chosen upon the basis of patient individuality. Naturopathic physicians are primary health care practitioners, whose diverse techniques include modern and traditional, scientific and empirical methods [...] scientifically, a chelate refers to a ligand binding to a central metal atom at two or more points [...] chelation therapy is a controversial and divisive topic because many practitioners encouraging such therapy eschew traditional science [...] 'chelation has been scientifically proven to rid the body of excess toxic metals' [...] in 2005, Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR) scientists, John Risher and Sherlita Amler, published a paper in neurotoxicology about the inappropriate use of chelating agents in the diagnosis and treatment of putative mercury poisoning [...]Smith D, Strupp BJ (2013) The scientific basis for chelation: animal studies and lead chelation. JMT 9(4). doi:10.1007/s13181-013-0339-2 [...] occasionally, chelation can result in a fatal outcome, especially if the incorrect drug is administered. Calcium disodium EDTA (CaNa2EDTA) is a chelator used for the treatment of lead poisoning; it is sometimes also recommended as a treatment for atherosclerosis, although there is no scientific evidence to support its use for this condition [...] 'naturopaths trained in this state, or any state, do not have sufficient education and training at this time to safely prescribe the medications they have requested. They do not have the scientific foundation, nor even the commitment to evidence-based therapy that must be the cornerstone of all practice, let alone practice that involves risk to life and limb [...] Connecticut State Medical Society Connecticut Nurses Association Connecticut Academy of Family Physicians CTAPRNS Connecticut Association of Nurse anesthetists Connecticut Dermatologic Society Connecticut Society of Eye Physicians Connecticut Coalition of Advanced Practice Nurses Connecticut Urology Society Connecticut ENT Society [...] all licensed naturopathic physicians complete a minimum of three years university level pre-medical training (must be equivalent in coursework to a four-year degree) and then four years at an accredited naturopathic medical college. There are two such colleges in Canada (Boucher Institute of Naturopathic Medicine, Canadian College of Naturopathic Medicine) and five in the United States (Bastyr University, National College of Natural Medicine, National University of Health Science, Southwest College of Naturopathic Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Bridgeport College of Naturopathic Medicine) [...] for the seven accredited ND-granting institutions, all candidates for admission must have completed a bachelor’s degree from an accredited, degree-granting institution. Successful applicants are expected to have a GPA of 3.0-3.5 or greater. Undergraduate course requirements vary greatly in quantity between the schools, but in general, applicants must have completed two semesters of general chemistry and general biology, one semester each of organic chemistry, biochemistry, psychology, and math/physics, and up to five credits in the social sciences and humanities [...] some more specific courses in a naturopathic education include acupuncture and Oriental medicine, Ayurvedic sciences, exercise science and wellness, health psychology, homeopathy, herbal medicine, integrated human biology, midwifery, naturopathic history, and nutrition [...] the NPLEX Part I is a basic science examination that tests anatomy, biochemistry, microbiology, pathology, and physiology, with 50 questions per section. A score of 75 percent or higher is needed to pass. Part II of the NPLEX has a core portion consisting of a three-day clinical science examination that tests botanical medicine, clinical nutrition, diagnostic imaging, emergency medicine, homeopathy, pharmacology, physical and clinical diagnosis, physical medicine, psychology, lab diagnosis, and medical procedures. There are three clinical elective sections for certificate or license: acupuncture, minor surgery, and homeopathy [...] licensed physicians must complete four years at a college or university to earn a BS or BA degree, usually with a strong emphasis on basic sciences, such as biology, chemistry, and physics [...] like naturopathy, osteopathy is characterized by some traditional practices that have little scientific backing, the most controversial of these being osteopathic manipulative treatment (OMT) [...] Salzberg, Steven. 'Osteopaths Versus Doctors.' Forbes, 27 October 2010. <http://www.forbes.com/sites/sciencebiz/2010/10/27/osteopaths-versus-doctors/>";
.
.
.
[in "Testimony of Enrico Liva RPh, ND Submitted to the Public Health Committee Wednesday, February 20, 2013" (2017)]
.
"naturopathic medicine, as presently and properly defined by scientific and evidence based standards, provides patients with comprehensive medical care premised on each patient's entitlement to care that is of the highest quality and safety. From state to state Naturopathic Physicians have a laudable safety record [...] naturopathic physicians are qualified and trained to incorporate scientific advances in their care for patients, including prescribing, dispensing, and administering certain pharmaceuticals for the optimal health of their patients [...] NDs are broadly trained in the pre-clinical sciences [...] NDs are educated in all of the same basic sciences and clinical diagnostic methods at the same level as medical and osteopathic doctors [...] comparison of basic science education for different physician types [...] naturopathic ND [...] anatomy, physiology, biochemistry, pharmacology, pathology, microbiology / immunology [...] 350, 250, 125, 100, 125, 175 [...] a recent comparison of the basic science education of naturopathic medical students at Bastyr University and allopathic medical students at the University of Washington showed a nearly identical credit load with 5 credit hours in pharmacology at Bastyr and 8 credit hours at UW [...] 100 naturopathic physicians and basic science faculty (PhDs) [...] passage of the NPLEX Part II - Core Clinical Science Examination requires that the entry-level ND know [...] learning outcomes throughout CCNM's extensive four year curricula [...] in addition to being provided with a scientific foundation as well as specific training in pharmacology, students are educated in the prescribing competencies recently developed by the National Prescribing Service, a not-for profit organization funded by the Australian Government Department of Health and Ageing [...] National University of Health Sciences (NHUS), Chicago, ILStudents in the Doctor of Naturopathic Medicine program at NHUS are required to take 90 hours of basic pharmacology in didactic format";
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[in "Chapter 373* Naturopathy" (2017)]
.
"Sec. 20-34. Practice defined. (a) The practice of naturopathy means the science, art and practice of healing by natural methods as recognized by the Council of Naturopathic Medical Education and that comprises diagnosis, prevention and treatment of disease and health optimization by stimulation and support of the body’s natural healing processes, as approved by the State Board of Naturopathic Examiners, with the consent of the Commissioner of Public Health, and shall include (1) counseling; (2) the practice of the mechanical and material sciences of healing as follows: The mechanical sciences such as mechanotherapy, articular manipulation, corrective and orthopedic gymnastics, physiotherapy, hydrotherapy, electrotherapy and phototherapy; and the material sciences such as nutrition, dietetics, phytotherapy, treatment by natural substances and external applications; (3) ordering diagnostic tests and other diagnostic procedures as such tests and procedures relate to the practice of mechanical and material sciences of healing as described in subdivision (2) of this subsection; (4) ordering medical devices and durable medical equipment; and (5) removing ear wax, spirometry, tuberculosis testing and venipuncture for blood testing [...] each applicant shall present to said department satisfactory evidence that he graduated from an approved high school, that he has completed a course of study of an academic year consisting of not less than thirty-two weeks’ duration, or, if he begins the study of naturopathy after September 1, 1963, not less than sixty-four weeks’ duration, in a college or scientific school approved by the board with the consent of the Commissioner of Public Health or possessed educational qualifications equivalent to those required for graduation from such school before beginning the study of naturopathy and that he is a graduate of a legally chartered, reputable school or college of naturopathy, approved by said board with the consent of the Commissioner of Public Health";
.
(click here,
.
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
https://web.archive.org/web/*/https://www.cga.ct.gov/2015/pub/chap_373.htm)
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[in "Chapter 373 Natureopathy" (2017)]
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"each applicant shall present to said department satisfactory evidence that he graduated from an approved high school, that he has completed a course of study of an academic year consisting of not less than thirty-two weeks' duration, or, if he begins the study of natureopathy after September 1, 1963, not less than sixty-four weeks' duration, in a college or scientific school approved by the board with the consent of the Commissioner of Public Health or possessed educational qualifications equivalent to those required for graduation from such school before beginning the study of natureopathy and that he is a graduate of a legally chartered, reputable school or college of natureopathy, approved by said board with the consent of the Commissioner of Public Health";
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[in "Scope of Practice Determination for Health Care Professions December 2009" (2017)]
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"natureopathy [...] the practice of natureopathy means the science, art, and practice of healing by approved natural methods, and shall include: counseling and the practice of mechanical (e.g., articular, manipulation, physiotherapy) and natural sciences (e.g., dietetics, phyototherapy) [...] licensure requirements [...] successfully completed both the Basic Sciences (Part I) and Clinical Sciences Examination (Part II) of the Naturopathic Physician Licensing Examination At least 64 weeks in college or scientific school";
.
(click here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
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[in "Natureopaths - CT.gov" (2017)]
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"[authored by naturopath] Dr. Ann Aresco [...] on behalf of the naturopathic physicians practicing in the state of Connecticut the Connecticut Naturopathic Physicians Association (CNPA) is requesting a scope change for 2013 [...] naturopathic physicians are trained in the art and science of natural health care at accredited medical colleges [...] in order to be licensed to practice in any state naturopathic doctors need to have graduated from an accredited naturopathic medical school, have successfully completed both the basic sciences (part I) and clinical sciences examination (PART II) of the Naturopathic Physicians licensing examination (NPLEX), and completed the Connecticut jurisprudence examination for naturopathic physicians [...] the NPLEX Part I - Biomedical Science Examination is an integrated, case-based examination that covers the topics of anatomy, physiology, biochemistry & genetics, microbiology & immunology, and pathology. The NPLEX Part II - Core Clinical Science Examination is an integrated, case-based examination that covers the topics of diagnosis (using physical & clinical methods and lab tests & imaging studies), materia medica (botanical medicine and homeopathy), other treatment modalities (nutrition, physical medicine, health psychology, and research), and medical interventions (emergency medicine, medical procedures, public health, and pharmacology) [...] every jurisdiction that licenses/registers naturopathic physicians requires that you pass the NPLEX Part II - Core Clinical Science Examination. The NPLEX Part II - Clinical Elective Examinations (minor surgery and acupuncture) may also be required for eligibility to become licensed to practice as a naturopathic physician in some jurisdictions [...] links to naturopathic medical schools in the US and Canada [...] National University of Health Sciences [...] basic and clinical sciences: anatomy, cell biology, physiology, histology, pathology, biochemistry, pharmacology, lab diagnosis, neurosciences, clinical physical diagnosis, genetics, pharmacognosy, bio-statistics, epidemiology, public health, history and philosophy, ethics, and other coursework [...] Southwest College of Naturopathic Medicine & Health Sciences [...] 1626 [...] Bastyr Naturopathic Medical School [...] 1639";
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. 
[in "The Connecticut Naturopathic Physicians Association Request For A Change In The Scope Of Practice Of Naturopathic Physicians Licensed In Connecticut August 14, 2013" (2017)]
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"[at least 139 instances of 'scien'] the practice of natureopathy means the science, art and practice of healing by natural methods as recognized by the council of natureopathic medical education and approved by the State Board of Natureopathic Examiners, with the consent of the [Department of Public Health] commissioner, and shall include (1) counseling and (2) the practice of mechanical and material sciences of healing as follows: The mechanical sciences such as mechanotherapy, articular manipulation, corrective and orthopedic gymnastics, physiotherapy, hydrotherapy, electrotherapy and phototherapy; and the material sciences such as nutrition, dietetics, phytotherapy, treatment by natural substances and external applications [...] naturopathic medicine is a type of primary care medicine that incorporates holistic healing traditions with scientific advances and current medical research [...] NPLEX prepares Part I (Biomedical Science) and Part II (Clinical Science) examinations [...] what were five individual Basic Science Examinations have been combined into a single case-based Part I - Biomedical Science Examination [...] a single case-based Part I - Biomedical Science [...] Part II - Core Clinical Science Examinations have been integrated into a single, case-based examination that covers the topics of physical & clinical diagnosis, lab diagnosis & diagnostic imaging, botanical medicine, clinical nutrition, physical medicine, psychology, homeopathy, pharmacology, and emergency medicine & medical procedures. [...] the Part I - Biomedical Science Examination [...] the Part II - Clinical Science Examination(s) [...] passage of the NPLEX Part II - Core Clinical Science Examination requires that the entry level ND know [...] by updating naturopathic provisions to be more in line with scientific and medical advances [...] naturopathic medicine, as presently and accurately defined by current scientific standards, provides patients with comprehensive medical care [...] NDs are qualified and trained to incorporate medical scientific advances in their care for patients [...] Connecticut's current (but scientifically outdated) restrictions on NDs create obstacles for patients [...] the accredited schools in the United States for naturopathic medicine include the National College of Naturopathic Medicine in Portland, Oregon, Bastyr University in Washington and California, Southwest College of Naturopathic Medicine and Health Sciences in Scottsdale, Arizona [...] the University of Bridgeport College of Naturopathic Medicine in Bridgeport, Connecticut [...] and National University of Health Sciences in Chicago, Illinois [...] aimed at improving the integration of the basic sciences and clinical sciences and integrating team based learning [...] clinical science courses [...] Dr. David Brady, Vice Provost of the UB Division of Health Sciences, explained the situation, in part [...] implementation of the CNPA's requested changes would be a significant step in having Connecticut become one of the increasing number of states that are recognizing the scientific and medically sound foundation for permitting NDs to treat their patients to the full extent of their didactic and clinical education and training [...] naturopathic medicine is the practice by naturopaths of the art and science of [...]  in these accredited programs, NDs are broadly trained in the pre-clinical sciences and the clinical disciplines, with an emphasis on health promotion, disease prevention, and treatment based on the stimulation or support of natural processes. NDs are educated in all of the same basic sciences and clinical diagnostic methods at the same level as medical and osteopathic doctors [...] Table 1: Comparison of Basic Science Education for Different Physician Types [...] passage of the NPLEX Part 11- Core Clinical Science Examination requires that the entry-level ND know [...] learning outcomes throughout CCNM's extensive four year curricula are taught to naturopathic students to enable them to competently prescribe pharmacologic agents used in primary care practice. In addition to being provided with a scientific foundation as well as  [...] National University of Health Sciences (NUHS), Chicago, IL [...] Elizabeth Collins, ND, National College of Naturopathic Medicine, 1996 [...] courses taught: BAS 4l8 / 428 / 438 Basic Science Clinical Correlates I, II, III [...] Heather Zwickey, Professor, PhD University of Colorado Health Sciences Center [...] after completing her PhD at the University of Colorado Health Sciences Center [...] National College of Natural Medicine [...] Basic Science Clinical Correlate I [...] II [...] III [...] the University of Bridgeport Division of Health Sciences David M. Brady, ND, DC, CCN, DACBN Vice Provost, Health Sciences [...] February 20, 2013 Dear Public Health Committee Members [...] the University of Bridgeport (UB) has a growing Division Health Sciences committed to providing excellent degree programs in integrative medicine including programs in Naturopathic Medicine, Chiropractic, physician assistant, acupuncture, Dental Hygiene, and Nutrition.  Founded in 1927,  UB has a strong and long-established accredited health sciences programs that include many firsts  [...] I travel nationally and internationally as a thought leader, author and educator in integrative medicine speaking at the major conferences and scientific symposiums in the filed [sic....] David M. Brady, ND, DC, CCN, DACBN Vice Provost, Health Sciences Director, Human Nutrition Institute University of Bridgeport Associate Professor of Clinical Sciences";
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[in "Practitioner Licensing And Investigations Section: Naturopathic Physician Licensure Information" (2012)]
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"graduated from a school of naturopathy approved by the Connecticut State Board of Naturopathic Examiners and Department of Public Health, with award of the Doctor of Naturopathy degree. Approved schools include only those schools accredited or in candidate status with the Council on Naturopathic Medical Education (CNME); Successfully completed both the Basic Sciences (Part I) and Clinical Sciences Examination (Part II) of the Naturopathic Physician Licensing Examination (NPLEX) [...] official report of successful completion of the NPLEX Basic Sciences and Clinical Sciences examinations";
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(click here,
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[in "Chapter 373 - Natureopathy" (2012)]
.
"section 20-34. Practice defined. (a) The practice of natureopathy means the science, art and practice of healing by natural methods as recognized by the Council of Natureopathic Medical Education and approved by the State Board of Natureopathic Examiners, with the consent of the commissioner [...and includes] the practice of the mechanical and material sciences of healing as follows: the mechanical sciences [...] and the material sciences [...] each applicant shall present to said department satisfactory evidence that he graduated from an approved high school, that he has completed a course of study [...] in a college or scientific school approved by the board with the consent of the commissioner of public health";
.
(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
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(click here, 
.
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[in "Naturopathic Physician Licensing Requirements" (2012)]
.
"in order to be eligible for licensure, an applicant must have [...] successfully completed both the Basic Sciences (Part I) and Clinical Sciences Examination (Part II) of the Naturopathic Physician Licensing Examination (NPLEX). In certain instances, the Basic Sciences Examination (Part I) may be waived in accordance with NPLEX policy.  For information and eligibility requirements, please contact NPLEX [...] documentation requirements [...] official report of successful completion of the NPLEX Basic Sciences and Clinical Sciences examinations [...] if the applicant has been granted a waiver of the Basic Sciences examinations as outlined above, please arrange for NPLEX to advise this office of such in writing";
.
(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
.
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[in "CNPA Scope of Practice Request to DPH" (2011-08)]
.
"a naturopathic doctor needs to have graduated from an accredited naturopathic medical school, have successfully completed both the Basic Sciences Part I and Clinical Sciences Examination Part 11 of the Naturopathic Physician Licensing Examination NPLEX ";
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(click here,
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[in "Scope of Practice Briefing" (2012)]
.
"natureopathy [...] the practice of natureopathy means the science, art, and practice of healing by approved natural methods, and shall include: counseling and the practice of mechanical (e.g., articular, manipulation, physiotherapy) and natural sciences (e.g., dietetics, phyototherapy) [...] licensure requirements [...] successfully completed both the Basic Sciences (Part I) and Clinical Sciences Examination (Part II) of the Naturopathic Physician Licensing Examination.  At least 64 weeks in college or scientific school";
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(click here,
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[in "State Board of Natureopathic Examiners Minutes 2000-2006"]
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 "Jennifer Filippone, Public Health Services Manager discussed the natureopathic licensing examination with the Board. Pursuant §20-37 of the Connecticut General Statutes an applicant for licensure must pass an examination prescribed by the Department of Public Health with the advice and consent of the Board. Currently applicants must pass Part II of the Naturopathic Physicians Licensing Examination (NPLEX). The Department requests that passing of Part I of the NPLEX, the Basic Science Examination, also be required of applicants [...] United States School of Naturopathy & Allied Sciences: the Board reviewed a letter the Department of Public Health sent to the United States School of Naturopathy & Allied Sciences advising that graduates of said school are not eligible for licensure in Connecticut because said school is not accredited by the Council on Natureopathic Medical Education [...] Dr. Murphy received an inquiry that a student at the University of Bridgeport has a question regarding the basic science requirements and the state licensure examination. Effective January 1, 2003, the Board in conjunction with the Department of Public Health, requires all applicants pass the basic science and clinical science portions of the Naturopathic Physicians Licensing Examination (NPLEX) [...] applicants. In addition candidates must have passed the basic sciences portion of the national examination [...] Basic Science requirement: Jennifer Filippone, Public Health Services Manager, Department of Public Health discussed the basic science requirement for applicants who have been admitted to a natureopathic education program with advanced standing. Dr. Murphy made a motion, seconded by Dr. Raistrick, that the requirement for completing the basic sciences examination will be waived for licensure applicants who have been admitted with advanced standing to a natureopathic education program. The motion passed unanimously";
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(click here,
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Delaware Association
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[re-searched 2017-06]
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no online presence
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the State of Delaware states:
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[in "Certified Vendors - Small Business Focus Program" (2017)]
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"Furtado ND is a naturopathic doctor [...] naturopathic doctors cooperate with all other branches of medical science";
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the District of Columbia Association of Naturopathic Physicians states:
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[re-searched 2017-06]
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[in "Useful Resources" (2017)]
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"naturopathic medical schools [...include] National University of Health Sciences";
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(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
https://web.archive.org/web/*/http://www.dcanp.org/useful-resources/)
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[in 'homepage' (2017)]
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"naturopathic medicine is a distinct system of health care that integrates traditional, natural, non-invasive therapies with modern medical diagnostic science and standards of care [...] naturopathic doctors are trained as primary care physicians at accredited medical schools with competitive application and admission processes. Like their conventional medical school counterparts, naturopathic medical schools are rigorous four-year doctoral programs. They provide a solid foundation in the basic medical sciences and conventional diagnostic and treatment methods";
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the District of Columbia states:
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[in "Health Occupations Revision Act of 2009" (2017)]
.
"the practice of clinical laboratory science [...] 'practice of dietetics and nutrition' means the application of scientific principles and food management techniques [...] 'practice of optometry' means the application of the scientific principles of optometry in the examination of the human eye [...] embracing the specific scientific application of physical measures to secure the functional rehabilitation of the human body [...] 'practice of psychology' means the development and application, with or without compensation, of scientific concepts, theories, methods, techniques, procedures, and principles of psychology to aid in the understanding, measuring, explaining, predicting, preventing, fostering, and treating of abilities, disabilities, attributes, or behaviors that are [...] have successfully passed the Naturopathic Physicians Licensing Examination ('NPLEX') basic science examination and clinical science examination sections administered by the North American Board of Naturopathic Examiners, or other examination approved by the Board of Medicine or the Mayor [...] biological science [...] of chemical science [...] a physician or dentist who is qualified and eligible to supervise and direct the technical and scientific operation of a medical laboratory by possessing the following [...] experimentation and scientific research in connection with the study and the development of methods and techniques, directly or indirectly related or applicable to the problems or to the practice of veterinary medicine [...] a person engaging in scientific research that reasonably requires experimentation with animals as permitted under federal law [...] on audiology or hearing sciences and disorders [...] on speech-language pathology or communicative sciences and disorders [...] 'clinical laboratory scientist-generalist' [...] clinical laboratory scientist specialist'";
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.
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[in "Government of the District of Columbia Health Occupations Revision Act of  1985 AMENDMENT Act of 1994" (2017)]
.
"'practice of dietetics and nutrition' means the application of scientific principles and food management techniques to assess the dietary or nutritional needs of individuals and groups [...] 'practice of medicine' means the application of scientific principles to prevent, diagnose, and treat physical and mental diseases, disorders, and conditions and to safeguard the life and health of any woman and infant through pregnancy and parturition [...] and social sciences involved [...] 'practice of optometry' means the application of the scientific principles of optometry in the examination of the human eye [...] embracing the specific scientific application of physical measures to secure the functional rehabilitation of the human body [...] 'practice of psychology' means the application of established scientific methods and principles, including the principles of psychophysiology [...] and social sciences in [...] have successfully passed the Naturopathic Physicians Licensing Examination ('NPLEX') basic science examination and clinical science examination sections administered by the North American Board of Naturopathic Examiners, or other examination approved by the Board of Medicine or the Mayor [...] publications in recognized scientific, medical, or medical research journals, including American peer review journals [...] a doctor, in testifying as an expert witness, renders an opinion based on the application of scientific principles to the diagnosis and treatment of physical diseases, which is in the nature of giving a second opinion";
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.
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[in "Government of the District of Columbia Department of Health D.C. Board of Psychology
Study Material for the Jurisprudence Exam" (2017)]
.
"'practice of dietetics and nutrition' means the application of scientific principles and [...] 'practice of optometry' means the application of the scientific principles of optometry in the examination of the human eye [...] the specific scientific application of physical measures to secure the functional rehabilitation of the human body [...] 'practice of psychology' means the development and application, with or without compensation, of scientific concepts, theories, methods, techniques, procedures, and principles of psychology to aid in the understanding, measuring, explaining, predicting, preventing, fostering, and treating of abilities, disabilities, attributes, or behaviors that are [...] have successfully passed the Naturopathic Physicians Licensing Examination ('NPLEX') basic science examination and clinical science examination sections administered by the North American Board of Naturopathic Examiners, or other examination approved by the Board of Medicine or the Mayor";
.
.
.
[in "Health Occupations Revision Act of 2009" (2017)]
.
"'practice of dietetics and nutrition' means the application of scientific principles [...] and social sciences involved [...] 'practice of optometry' means the application of the scientific principles of optometry in the examination of the human eye [...] embracing the specific scientific application of physical measures to secure the functional rehabilitation of the human body [...] 'practice of psychology' means the development and application, with or without compensation, of scientific concepts, theories, methods, techniques, procedures, and principles of psychology to aid in [...] have successfully passed the Naturopathic Physicians Licensing Examination ('NPLEX') basic science examination and clinical science examination sections administered by the North American Board of Naturopathic Examiners, or other examination approved by the Board of Medicine or the Mayor [...] publications in recognized scientific, medical, or medical research journals, including American peer review journals";
.
.
.
[in "Government Of The District Of Columbia Health Occupations Revision Act Of 1985  Amendment Act Of 1994  District Of Columbia Official Code Title 3, Chapter 12 Sections 3-1201.01-3-1213.13,  3-1251.01-3.1251.16  Updated Through March 2007" (2017)]
.
"'practice of dietetics and nutrition' means the application of scientific principles and [...] 'practice of medicine' means the application of scientific principles to prevent, diagnose, and treat physical and mental diseases, disorders, and conditions and to safeguard the life and health of any woman and infant through pregnancy and parturition [...] and social sciences involved in the practice of occupational therapy [...] 'practice of optometry' means the application of the scientific principles of optometry in the examination of the human eye [...] embracing the specific scientific application of physical measures to secure the functional rehabilitation of the human body [...] 'practice of psychology' means the application of established scientific methods and principles [...] have successfully passed the Naturopathic Physicians Licensing Examination ('NPLEX') basic science examination and clinical science examination sections administered by the North American Board of Naturopathic Examiners, or other examination approved by the Board of Medicine or the Mayor [...] publications in recognized scientific, medical, or medical research journals [...] a doctor, in testifying as an expert witness, renders an opinion based on the application of scientific principles to the diagnosis and treatment of physical diseases";
.
.
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[in "5205 National Examination" (2017)]
.
"except as otherwise provided in this subtitle, an applicant shall receive a passing score on the required level of the examination sponsored by the Naturopathic Physicians Licensing Examination (NPLEX) basic science examination and clinical science examination sections administered by the North American Board of Naturopathic Examiners (NABNE), or other examination approved by the Board of Medicine [...] a passing score on the Part I series of the Basic Science Examination shall be a minimum converted score of seventy-five (75) on each of the five (5) parts [...] an applicant shall take and pass Part II of the Core Clinical Science Examination within ten (10) years of taking Part I of the Basic Science Examination. Failure to take and pass Part II within the ten (10) year period shall result in the applicant retaking Part I again [...] a passing score on Part II of the Core Clinical Science Examination shall consist of: (a) achieving a minimum converted score of at least seventy-five (75) on all eight (8) Part II Core Clinical Science Examinations; or (b)    Under the Compensatory Model for Part II Core Clinical Science Series [...] achieving an average converted score on the eight (8) Part II Core Clinical Science Examinations of at least seventy-five (75) with Clinical Add-On Examination scores not being included in the average [...] achieving a converted score for every Part II Core Clinical Science Examination of at least seventy (70)";
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[in "Government Of The District Of Columbia Department Of Health Health Professional Licensing Administration Medical Programs Branch Board Of Medicine’s Advisory Committee On Naturopathic Physicians Application Instructions And Forms For A License To Practice As A Naturopathic Physician In The District Of Columbia" (2017)]
.
"applicants for a license by examination must have successfully completed an educational program to practice as a naturopathic physician accredited by the Council of Naturopathic Medicine Education (CNME) basic science and clinical examination sections administered by the North American Board of Naturopathic Examiners (NABNE) [...] an applicant shall take and pass Part II of the clinical science examination within five (5) years of taking Part I of the basic science examination. Failure to take and pass Part II within the ten (10) year period shall result in the applicant retaking Part I again";
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.
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[in "District of Columbia Municipal Regulations for Naturopathic Medicine" (2017)]
.
"except as otherwise provided in this subtitle, an applicant shall receive a passing score on the required level of the examination sponsored by the Naturopathic Physicians Licensing Examination (NPLEX) basic science examination and clinical science examination sections administered by the North American Board of Naturopathic Examiners (NABNE), or other examination approved by the Board of Medicine [...] a passing score on the Part I series of the Basic Science Examination shall be a minimum converted score of seventy-five (75) on each of the five (5) parts [...] an applicant shall take and pass Part II of the Core Clinical Science Examination within ten (10) years of taking Part I of the Basic Science Examination. Failure to take and pass Part II within the ten (10) year period shall result in the applicant retaking Part I again [...] a passing score on Part II of the Core Clinical Science Examination shall consist of: (a) Achieving a minimum converted score of at least seventy-five (75) on all eight (8) Part II Core Clinical Science Examinations; or (b) Under the Compensatory Model for Part II Core Clinical Science Series [...] achieving an average converted score on the eight (8) Part II Core Clinical Science Examinations of at least seventy-five (75) with Clinical Add-On Examination scores not being included in the average; and (3) Achieving a converted score for every Part II Core Clinical Science Examination of at least seventy (70)";
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.
.
[in "Government of the District of Columbia, Department of Health Health, Professional Licensing Administration, Medical Programs Branch, Board of Medicine's Advisory Committee on Naturopathic Physicians" (2007)]
.
"applicants for a license by examination must have successfully completed an educational program to practice as a naturopathic physician accredited by the Council of Naturopathic Medicine Education (CNME) basic science and clinical examination sections [...] an applicant shall take and pass part II of the clinical science examination within five (5) years of taking part I of the basic science examination";
.
(click here,
.
.
the Florida Naturopathic Physician's Association states:
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[re-searched 2017-05]
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[for their Facebook page, click here,
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[in "The FNPA" (2017)]
.
"FNPA mission statement: to advance, promote, and protect the science of naturopathic medicine and the naturopathic medical profession, and to evaluate the standards of naturopathic medical knowledge and practice in the state of Florida";
.
.
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[in "Sunrise Partners" (2017)]
.
"Metagenics was founded in 1983 on a brave new scientific concept [...] today, this ever-growing and respected field of science is known as nutrigenomics";
.
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
https://web.archive.org/web/*/http://www.fnpa.org/licensure/sunrise-partners/)
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[in "Naturopathic Education" (2015)]
.
"after completion of standard premedical undergraduate coursework, a naturopathic physician (N.D.) attends a four-year graduate level naturopathic medical school and is educated in all of the same basic sciences as an M.D. [...] Bastyr University offers a rigorous, naturopathic medical program emphasizing both the science base of medicine and its clinical application [...] their faculty's commitment to the art and science of healing has made SCNM a leader among the naturopathic medical schools [...] National's N.D. program provides you with a rigorous curriculum that blends thorough scientific foundation with comprehensive training in naturopathic treatments. As a student in the naturopathic physician program at National, you will study the same basic sciences as an M.D.";
.
(click here,
https://web.archive.org/web/20150618155950/http://www.fnpa.org/nd-education/)
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
.
(click here,
.
.
[in "FNPA Membership Application 2010" (2014)]
.
"as per the FNPA by-laws, article III; the mission of the Florida Naturopathic Physicians Association, Inc., is [...] to advance, promote and protect the science of naturopathic medicine and the naturopathic medical profession, and to evaluate the standards of naturopathic medical knowledge and practice in the state of Florida";
.
(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
.
(click here,
(click here,
.
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[in "About FNPA" (2013)]
.
"to advance, promote and protect the science of naturopathic medicine and the naturopathic medical profession";
.
(click here,
.
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[in "Naturopathic Medicine: The Profession Today" (2004)]
.
"naturopathic medicine is a distinct system of primary health care - an art, science, philosophy and practice of diagnosis, treatment and prevention of illness. Naturopathic medicine is distinguished by the principles that underlie and determine its practice. These principles are based upon the objective observation of the nature of health and disease, and are continually reexamined in the light of scientific advances";
.
(click here,
.
.
[in "Naturopathic Medicine -- The Profession Today" (2004)]
.
“naturopathic medicine is a distinct system of primary health care - an art, science, philosophy and practice of diagnosis, treatment and prevention of illness. Naturopathic medicine is distinguished by the principles that underlie and determine its practice. These principles are based upon the objective observation of the nature of health and disease, and are continually reexamined in the light of scientific advances”;
.
(click here {click 'naturopathic medicine' in sidebar},
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
.
.
the Georgia Association of Naturopathic Physicians states:
.
[re-searched 2017-05]
.
. 
[in "Listing of Accreditation Bodies" (2017)]
.
"AANMC Member Schools [...] National University of Health Sciences [...] University of Bridgeport College of Naturopathic Medicine Health Science Center";
.
(click here,
.
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[in "History of Naturopathic Medicine" (2017)]
.
"naturopathic physicians are trained in the art and science of natural health care at accredited medical colleges";
.
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[in "Training of Naturopathic Physicians" (2017)]
.
"a licensed naturopathic physician (ND) attends a four-year, graduate-level, federally accredited naturopathic medical school and is educated in all of the basic sciences as a medical doctor is (MD)";
.
.
.
[in "Naturopathic Medicine" (2017)]
.
"the practice of naturopathic medicine includes modern and traditional, scientific, and empirical methods";
.
(click here,
http://www.ganp.org/naturopathic-medicine/)
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
.
. 
[in "About GANP" (2013)]
.
"the linked pictures below are the six institutions in North America that are accredited by the Association of Accredited Naturopathic Medical Colleges [...including] National University of Health Sciences";
.
(click here,
.
.
[in 'homepage' (2013)]
.
"our mission is to promote the philosophy, art, science, and practice of naturopathic medicine";
.
(click here,
http://www.ganp.org/)[vsc 2013-02-05]
(archived here,
https://web.archive.org/web/20130612071118/http://www.ganp.org/)
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
https://web.archive.org/web/*/http://www.ganp.org/)
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.