Saturday, June 03, 2017

I.03.a.4. - California

[to return to the main document, click here, http://naturocrit.blogspot.com/]
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[CNDA, CANP, State of California]
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the California Naturopathic Doctors Association states:
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[for the entire archive.org history of the California Naturopathic Doctors Association http://www.calnd.org,
click here, http://web.archive.org/web/*/http://www.calnd.org]
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[re-searched 2017-06]
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[in "CE Events" (2017)]
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"Drs. Herscu and Rothenberg founded NESH in 1990 to translate homeopathic philosophy into a modern science-based method which leads to a successful and enjoyable practice";
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(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
https://web.archive.org/web/*/http://www.calnd.org/ce-events)
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[in "SB538 Letter Template" (2017)]
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"NDs are trained in the same medical sciences as MDs";
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[in "Amended and Restated Bylaws of the California Naturopathic Doctors Association" (2017)]
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"in the event of dissolution or winding up of the corporation, its assets remaining after payment of, or provision for payment of, all debts and liabilities of this corporation, shall be distributed to a nonprofit fund, foundation, or corporation which is organized and operated for educational or scientific purposes and which has established its taxexempt
status under Section 501(c)(3) or 501(c)(6) of the Internal Revenue Code";
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[in "CE Application and Courses" (2017)]
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"Susan Samueli Center for Integrative Medicine, UCI - International Scientific Acupuncture and Meridian Symposium: Oct. 7-9, 2011, Irvine, CA. 3 CE Total (3 General)";
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(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
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[in "MM19" (2017)]
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"overwhelming scientific evidence illustrates the critical role these microbes play in both the function and dysfunction of the immune system [...] Mr. Krishnan earned his bachelor of science degrees in Microbiology at the University of Iowa [...] most recently, Kiran is acting as the chief scientific officer at [...] Kiran offers his extensive knowledge and practical application of the latest science on the human microbiome as it relates to health and wellness [...] the presentation will focus on an overview of the latest scientific understanding of the human microbiomes (gut, respiratory, ocular, urogenital, skin, and oral) [...] understand the latest science on the human microbiome and its relationship to immune system health [...] she has been teaching BodyTalk and courses of her own design in science-based mind-body medicine for alternative healthcare practitioners for 8 years. Her focus is to bring the latest paradigm-changing scientific discoveries into the hands of healthcare practitioners to make a difference in clinical treatment of chronic disease. Laura developed a 4-day workshop presenting the latest scientific understanding of the microbiome and immune disease [...] she is a member of the Scientific Advisory Board of Mederi Foundation";
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(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
https://web.archive.org/web/*/http://www.calnd.org/mm19)
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[in "Intravenous Therapy Consent" (2015)]
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"I fully understand and confirm that the nature and purpose of the aforementioned treatment to be provided may be considered unproven by scientific testing and peer-reviewed publications and therefore may be considered medically unnecessary or not currently indicated";
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(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
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[in "California Naturopathic Doctors Association February 2013 Update" (2015)]
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"each submission will be evaluated for its scientific content, clinical relevance, and specific needs of the AANP's educational program";
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(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
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[in "Ameded and Restated Bylaws of The California Naturopathic Doctors Association" (2015)]
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"educational or scientific purposes";
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(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
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[in "Guidelines for Prescribing Controlled Substances for Pain" (2015)]
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"to strengthen the clarity and scientific rigor of the questions";
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(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
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[in "About" (2015)]
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"Dr. Deborah Gleisner, ND [...] she is a strong proponent of hydrotherapy, and employs science-based and evidence-based therapies";
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(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
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[in "The Benefits of Increasing Consumer Access to Naturopathic Doctors" (2014)]
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"required to pass National Licensing Exam [...] NPLEX [...that includes] basic sciences and clinical boards";
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(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
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[in "Naturopathic Medical Education Comparative Curricula" (2014)]
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"basic and clinical sciences: anatomy, cell biology, physiology, histology, pathology, biochemistry, pharmacology, lab diagnosis, neurosciences, clinical physical diagnosis, genetics, pharmacognosy, bio-statistics, epidemiology, public health, history and philosophy, ethics, and other coursework [NCNM] 1548 hours [Bastyr] 1639 hours";
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(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
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[in "Insurance" (2014)]
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"naturopathic doctors [...] complete four years of doctoral-level training, including two years of biomedical sciences and two years of clinical sciences and rotations";
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(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
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[in "Corporate Partners" (2013)]
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"Bastyr University is a nonprofit, private university offering graduate and undergraduate degrees, with a multidisciplinary curriculum in science-based natural medicine [...] Bastyr's international faculty teaches the natural health sciences with an emphasis on integrating mind, body, spirit and nature";
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(click here,
(archived here,
https://web.archive.org/web/20131231005137/http://www.calnd.org/corporatepartners)
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
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[in "Merging Medicine XIV Conference: Environmental Medicine and Oncology in Primary Practice" (2013)]
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"Dr. Joseph Pizzorno is a world leading authority on science-based natural medicine, a term he coined in 1978. He is founding president of Bastyr University, Editor-in-Chief of Integrative Medicine, A Clinician’s Journal, Vice-chair of the Board of IFM, co-founder and Treasurer of the Board of AANP, and Chair of Science Board of Bioclinic Naturals [...] Dr. Jaclyn Chasse  [...] as co-authored several scientific journal articles";
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(click here,
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[in "Naturopathic Medicine - The Basics" (2013)]
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"naturopathic doctors are trained at accredited, four-year, post-graduate, residential naturopathic medical programs. The training consists of comprehensive study of the conventional medical sciences [...] in the United States, the naturopathic medical profession's infrastructure includes accredited educational institutions, professional licensing, national standards of practice, peer review, and a commitment to state-of-the-art scientific research";
(click here,
(archived here,
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(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
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[in "Frequently Asked Questions" (2011)]
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"as with all physicians today, naturopathic doctors are trained at accredited, four to five-year, post-graduate, medical institutions. The training consists of a comprehensive study of the conventional medical sciences";
(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
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[in 'homepage' (2010)]
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"NDs are trained in the same medical sciences as MDs";
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(click here,
http://www.calnd.org/)[vsc 2010-12-28]
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[in "Southwest College of Naturopathic Medicine" (2010)]
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"their faculty's commitment to the art and science of healing has made SCNM a leader among the naturopathic medical schools";
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(click here,
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[in "About the CDNA" (2010)]
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"Deborah Gleisner practices as a naturopathic doctor and certified professional midwife in Los Angeles [...] she is a strong proponent of hydrotherapy, and employs science-based and evidence-based therapies";
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(click here,
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[in "Bastyr University" (2010)]
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"Bastyr University, located north of Seattle, Washington, is one of the world's leading academic centers for advancing knowledge in the natural health sciences";
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(click here,
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[in “Resource Links” (2007)]
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Bastyr University, located north of Seattle, Washington, is one of the world's leading academic centers for advancing knowledge in the natural health sciences. A twenty-five-year pioneer in natural medicine, Bastyr continues to be in the forefront of developing the model for 21st century medicine […] Southwest College of Naturopathic Medicine […] located in sunny Arizona, SCNM prepares students to become naturopathic physicians trained and educated in the principles of naturopathic medicine. We promote learning through educational innovation, medical integration, and research and clinical collaboration. Their faculty's commitment to the art and science of healing has made SCNM a leader among the naturopathic medical schools”;
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(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
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the [defunct] California Association of Naturopathic Physicians states:
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[for the California Association of Naturopathic Physicians http://www.canp.org archive, click here,
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[in "President of California Senate Introduces Measure to Expand Consumer Access to Naturopathic Medicine" (2010)]
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"naturopathic medicine is a patient-centered approach to healthcare that focuses on science-based lifestyle, nutritional, and botanical therapies. The four years of naturopathic medical education include basic medical sciences";
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(click here,
http://www.healthy.net/scr/Article.asp?Id=2274)[vsc 2010-12-28][not archived]
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[in "Naturopathic Physicians Urge Recognition in State of California:Healthcare for Low-Income Urban and Rural Children Would Benefit" (2001)]
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"naturopathic physicians [...] study basic sciences for the first two years";
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(click here,
(archived here,
http://web.archive.org/web/20010208201234/http://canp.org/RURALprsrel.html)[vsc 2010-12-29]
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
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[in "Naturopathic Medicine - The Basics" (2000)]
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"naturopathic doctors are trained at accredited, four-year, post-graduate, residential naturopathic medical programs. The training consists of comprehensive study of the conventional medical sciences [...] in the United States, the naturopathic medical profession's infrastructure includes accredited educational institutions, professional licensing, national standards of practice, peer review, and a commitment to state-of-the-art scientific research";
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(click here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
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the State of California states:
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[in "Frequently Asked Questions Licensure" (2017)]
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"an approved naturopathic medical school or program is one that [...] includes basic science and clinical didactic studies [...] National University of Health Sciences, Lombard, Ill";
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[in "Naturopathic Medicine Committee of California Administrative Manual 11/7/2016" (2017)]
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"in the late 1800s, the deans of the leading American medical schools at that time (Harvard, University of Michigan, University of Pennsylvania, and Johns Hopkins University) came to prefer the German 'experimental science' model as distinct from 'observational science' based on the Aristotle model and often found in French and British medical schools [...] naturopathic medicine was the standard of care in the United States and Europe until the German 'experimental science' or 'allopathic' model of medicine became the new standard of care in the early 1930s [...] naturopathic doctors complete a rigorous four-year postgraduate medical education program at an accredited school recognized by the US Department of Education. As with conventional medical schools, the training includes biomedical sciences, for example, anatomy, physiology, and biochemistry, as well as clinical sciences such as cardiology, gastroenterology, neurology, etc.";
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[in "Naturopathic Medicine Committee Meeting Minutes September 17, 2012" (2017)]
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"Discussion/Approval: National University of Health Sciences (NUHS) AncillaryClinical Experience California ND Participation";
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[in "Bill Analysis SB 538 Page 1 Senate Third Reading SB 538 (Hueso) As Amended August 15, 2016" (2016)]
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"as a part of their education, they complete a minimum of 1,200 hours in clinical rotations, and a thorough curriculum in basic and clinical science that includes biochemistry, pharmacology, lab diagnosis, epidemiology, pathology, neuroscience, and clinical physical diagnosis [...] as part of the program requirements, a student must have completed a minimum of 4,100 total hours in basic and clinical sciences [...] in addition, regarding the efficacy and safety of the practice, the NIH reports that 'some of the individual therapies used in naturopathy have been researched for their efficacy, with varying results.  The complex treatment approaches that naturopathic physicians often use are challenging to study, and little scientific evidence is currently available on overall effectiveness.  Related research is under way but is in the early stages'";
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[in "Bill Analysis Senate Committee on Business, Professions and Economic Development Senator Jerry Hill, Chair 2015 - 2016 Regular" (2016)]
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"the National Institute of Health (NIH) considers naturopathy (which includes the practice by naturopathic doctors) complimentary medicine.  It cautions that 'the complex treatment approaches that naturopathic [doctors] often use are challenging to study, and little scientific evidence is currently available on overall effectiveness' [...] NIH states that: 'naturopathy is not a complete substitute for conventional care. Relying exclusively on naturopathic treatments and avoiding conventional medical care may be harmful or, in some circumstances have serious healthconsequences. Some beliefs and approaches of naturopathic practitioners are not consistent with conventional medicine, and their safety may not be supported by scientific evidence [...] the California Medical Association and the  California Association of Family Physicians  were in  opposition to the prior version of this bill and stated the following:  'the distinctive philosophy of naturopathic  medicine and many of its methods of diagnosis and treatment are unscientific in concept, biologically improbable and  clinically unproven.  Moreover, regardless of its theory, the scope and quality of naturopathic education do not prepare its practitioners to make either an adequate diagnosis or provide  appropriate treatment independent of medical doctors. Naturopathic services are not covered by Medicare or most  insurance policies for good reason: a lack of evidence of  appropriate effectiveness'";
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[in "State of California Department of Consumer Affairs Naturopathic Medicine Committee Oversight Review Report" (2016)]
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"in the late 1800s, the deans of the leading American medical schools (Harvard, University of Michigan, University of Pennsylvania, and Johns Hopkins University) came to prefer the German 'experimental science' model as distinct from 'observational science' based on the Aristotelian model often found in French and British medical schools [...] naturopathic medicine was the standard of care in the United States and Europe until the German 'experimental science' or 'allopathic' model of medicine became the new standard of care in the early 1930s [...] program requirements for its degree or diploma of a minimum of 4,100 total hours in basic and clinical sciences [...] Bastyr University lists the following career opportunities for graduates with a doctorate of naturopathic medicine [...] research scientist studying natural medicine [...] the educational component consists of basic and diagnostic sciences [...] neurosciences [...] clinical sciences [...] students must pass all basic science courses [...] below is a comparison of the basic science education of naturopathic doctors [...] naturopathic [...] 1125 [...] allopathic [...] 1079 [...] the chart below lists the schools in order of year established and the number of enrollees in the naturopathic medicine doctorate program [...] National University of Health Sciences [...] with emphasis on the basic sciences [...] NPLEX Part I - Biomedical Science Examination [...] this examination is designed to test whether the examinee has the scientific knowledge necessary for successful completion of clinical training [...] NABNE recommends that a student take the Part I - Biomedical Science Examination as soon as he or she completes biomedical science coursework [...] NABNE requires that a student pass the Part I - Biomedical Science Examination and graduate from an approved naturopathic medical program before he or she is eligible to take the NPLEX Part II - Clinical Science Examinations [...] NPLEX Part II - Core Clinical Science Examination is an integrated case-based examination that covers the following topics: diagnosis (using physical & clinical methods, and lab tests & imaging studies), materia medica (botanical medicine and homeopathy), nutrition, physical medicine, health psychology, emergency medicine, medical procedures, public health, pharmacology, and research [...] every jurisdiction that licenses naturopathic physicians requires that a candidate pass the NPLEX Part II - Core Clinical Science Examination [...] the table below shows the minimum number of hours of instruction in pharmacology required by each school to meet graduation requirements [...] National University of Health Sciences Lombard, Illinois: 90 [...] those persons having a medical or naturopathic degree from another country are directed by the Committee to contact one or more of the approved North American naturopathic medical schools to discuss possible classroom credits for basic sciences courses [...] per California Code of Regulations, Title 16, § 4220, the basic sciences board exam (NPLEX I) may be waived or deemed 'era appropriate' by North American Board of Naturopathic Examiners (NABNE) on a case-by-case basis [...] Part I — Biomedical Science Examination [...] Part II - Core Clinical Science Examination [...] prior to 1986, each state developed their own test(s) with emphasis on the basic sciences, diagnosis, and treatment [...] NPLEX Part I - Biomedical Science Examination [...] this examination is designed to test whether the examinee has the scientific knowledge necessary for successful completion of clinical training [...] the Part I - Biomedical Science Examination [...] as soon as he or she completes biomedical science coursework which is usually the end of the second year of medical school [...] Part I - Biomedical Science Examination and graduate from an approved naturopathic medical program before he or she is eligible to take the NPLEX Part II - Clinical Science Examinations[...] NPLEX Part II - Core Clinical Science Examination is an integrated case-based examination that covers the following topics: diagnosis (using physical & clinical methods, and lab tests & imaging studies), Materia Medica (botanical medicine and homeopathy), nutrition, physical medicine, health psychology, emergency medicine, medical procedures, public health, pharmacology, and research [...] program requirements for its degree or diploma of a minimum of 4,100 total hours in basic and clinical sciences, naturopathic philosophy, naturopathic modalities, and naturopathic medicine";
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[in "Background Paper for the Naturopathic Medicine Committee for the Joint Oversight Hearing, March 11, 2013" (2013)]
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"Beverly Yates, ND (professional member) is a graduate of the National College of Natural Medicine [...] she is on the Scientific Advisory Board for BSP Pharma, Inc. and is a past member of the Scientific Advisory Board for Enzymatic Therapy, Inc. and Integrative Therapeutics, Inc. [...] Gregory Weisswasser, ND (professional member) earned a Bachelor of Science in Psychology with a specialization in Health and Humanities from Michigan State University. He earned his Naturopathic Doctorate from Bastyr University in 2004";
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[much the same as "Naturopathic Medicine Committee Background Information and Overview of the Current Regulatory Program as of October 1, 2012" (2012)]
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[much the same as "State of California Department of Consumer Affairs Naturopathic Medicine Committee 2016 Oversight Review Report" (2016)]
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[in "Senate Committee on Business and Professions Senator Liz Figueroa, Chair" (2013)]
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"program requirements - requires a minimum of 4100 total hours in basic and clinical sciences [...]  opposition from currently licensed health care practitioners, especially physicians licensed by the Medical Board, questioned the efficacy of the naturopathic system of treatment and argued that its treatment premises and modalities have not been proven to be valid through scientific, 'double-blind' studies";
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(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
)
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[in "Frequently Asked Questions: Licensure" (2011)]
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"what is an approved naturopathic medical school? [...] offers a minimum 4100 hour (four-academic-year), postgraduate, in-residence curriculum (Business and Professions Code section 3623), which includes basic science and clinical didactic studies, as well as a minimum of 1200 clinical (experiential) training leading to a naturopathic doctor degree, or a diploma (from a Canadian program) [...] the CNME recognizes the following schools [...] National University of Health Sciences, Lombard, Ill";
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(click here,
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[in "homepage" (2011)]
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"August 12, 2011 [...] Bastyr University's California campus will be located at 4106 Sorrento Valley Boulevard in the heart of San Diego's life sciences cluster [...] San Diego was selected because of its strategic proximity to a significant number of prospective students, faculty and patients in Southern California who are interested in the natural health arts and sciences [..] Bastyr [...] is the largest university for natural health arts and sciences in the U.S. [...] Bastyr was the nation's first natural health arts and sciences university to receive funding from the National Institutes of Health (NIH)";
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(click here,
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[in "A Consumer's Guide to Naturopathic Medicine" by DCA's Naturopathic Medicine Committee (2010)]
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"naturopathic doctors attend four-year, graduate-level, accredited naturopathic medical schools. NDs are trained as primary care practitioners. Training covers a wide range of therapies as well as science and clinical courses";
(click here,
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(click here,
[I suggest this link be 'saved as' and then opened with Adobe Reader, as there's some kind of error opening it in Firefox](archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
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[in "Bureau of Naturopathic Medicine [...] Findings and Recommendations Regarding the Prescribing and
Furnishing Authority of a Naturopathic Doctor"
(2010)]
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"program requirements for its degree or diploma of a minimum of 4,100 total hours in basic and clinical sciences, naturopathic philosophy, naturopathic modalities, and naturopathic medicine [...] in order to qualify for licensure, NDs must take and pass Parts I and II of the Naturopathic Physicians Licensing Examination (NPLEX) [...] Part I of the NPLEX, the Basic Science Examinations [...] students are encouraged to take this portion of the examination as soon as they finish their basic science coursework[...] a student must pass Part I of the exam before being allowed to sit for Part II. Part II, the Core Clinical Science Examination [...] beginning with the August 2007 NPLEX Exam administration, the Part II - Core Clinical Science Series will be integrated into a single examination that will include homeopathy [...] in 1987, the American Association of Naturopathic Physicians (AANP) began work on a consensus definition of naturopathic medicine for the modern era. The definition, unanimously adopted by the AANP’s House of Delegates in 1989, focused on the guiding naturopathic principles and philosophy rather than specific therapeutic modalities or treatments. The definition reads: 'naturopathic medicine is a distinct system of primary health care - an art, science, philosophy and practice of diagnosis, treatment and prevention of illness. Naturopathic medicine is distinguished by the principles which underlie and determine its practice. These principles are based upon the objective observation of the nature of health and disease, and are continually reexamined in the light of scientific advances";
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(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
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[in "Listing of Approved Naturopathic Medical Schools" (2009)]
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"Candidate Programs: Illinois: National University of Health Sciences 200 East Roosevelt Road Lombard, IL 60148-4583 (630) 889-6566 www.nuhs.edu.  Candidacy granted March 2008";
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(click here,
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[in "Checklist for Application for State License as a Naturopathic Doctor ND -102 (Rev 05/11)" (2009)]
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"written examination verification: North American Board of Naturopathic Examiners (NABNE) NPLEX Part I (or waiver) – Basic Science and Part II – Clinical Science scores. Request official transcripts of your NPLEX scores by contacting NABNE at Postal Mailbox 321, 9220 SW Barbur Blvd., Suite 119, Portland, Oregon 97219-5434; telephone (503) 778-7990. Your official transcripts must be sent directly by NABNE to the Committee of Naturopathic Medicine";
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(click here,
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[in "Findings and Recommendations Regarding Minor Office Procedures" (2007)]
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"an applicant for licensure must have graduated from a naturopathic medical education program accredited by the Council on Naturopathic Medical Education (CNME). For accreditation, the schools must meet the following minimum requirements [...] program requirements for its degree or diploma of a minimum of 4,100 total hours in basic and clinical sciences [etc....] Part I of the NPLEX, the Basic Science Examinations [...] Part II, the Core Clinical Science Examination [...] beginning with the August 2007 NPLEX Exam administration, the Part II - Core Clinical Science Series will be integrated into a single examination that will include homeopathy";
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(click here,
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[in "Findings and Recommendations Regarding the Practice of Naturopathic Childbirth Attendance" (2007)]
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"an applicant for licensure must have graduated from a naturopathic medical education program accredited by the Council on Naturopathic Medical Education (CNME). For accreditation, the schools must meet the following minimum requirements [...] program requirements for its degree or diploma of a minimum of 4,100 total hours in basic and clinical sciences [etc....] the art and science of midwifery [...] related behavioral and social sciences [...] in order to qualify for licensure, NDs must take and pass Parts I and II of the Naturopathic Physicians Licensing Examination (NPLEX) [...] Part I of the NPLEX, the Basic Science Examinations [...] students are encouraged to take this portion of the examination as soon as they finish their basic science coursework [...] Part II, the Core Clinical Science Examination [...] beginning with the August 2007 NPLEX Exam administration, the Part II - Core Clinical Science Series will be integrated into a single examination that will include homeopathy";
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(click here,
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[in "Naturopathic Formulary Advisory Committee  Meeting Minutes October 8, 2006" (2006)]
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"there was a discussion about the definition of an IRB. The Department of Health & Human Services regulate IRBs. An IRB is done to protect the public and came out of the Nuremberg Trials after World War II. It does not assess the scientific validity because a scientific review board does the assessment before it goes to an IRB; an IRB weighs the risk to benefit ratio of including human subjects in trials";
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