Saturday, June 03, 2017

I.03.a.4. - California

[to return to the main document, click here, http://naturocrit.blogspot.com/]
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[CNDA, CANP, State of California]
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the California Naturopathic Doctors Association states:
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[for the entire archive.org history of the California Naturopathic Doctors Association http://www.calnd.org,
click here, http://web.archive.org/web/*/http://www.calnd.org]
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[re-searched 2017-06]
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[in "CE Events" (2017)]
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"Drs. Herscu and Rothenberg founded NESH in 1990 to translate homeopathic philosophy into a modern science-based method which leads to a successful and enjoyable practice";
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(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
https://web.archive.org/web/*/http://www.calnd.org/ce-events)
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[in "SB538 Letter Template" (2017)]
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"NDs are trained in the same medical sciences as MDs";
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[in "Amended and Restated Bylaws of the California Naturopathic Doctors Association" (2017)]
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"in the event of dissolution or winding up of the corporation, its assets remaining after payment of, or provision for payment of, all debts and liabilities of this corporation, shall be distributed to a nonprofit fund, foundation, or corporation which is organized and operated for educational or scientific purposes and which has established its taxexempt
status under Section 501(c)(3) or 501(c)(6) of the Internal Revenue Code";
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[in "CE Application and Courses" (2017)]
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"Susan Samueli Center for Integrative Medicine, UCI - International Scientific Acupuncture and Meridian Symposium: Oct. 7-9, 2011, Irvine, CA. 3 CE Total (3 General)";
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(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
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[in "MM19" (2017)]
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"overwhelming scientific evidence illustrates the critical role these microbes play in both the function and dysfunction of the immune system [...] Mr. Krishnan earned his bachelor of science degrees in Microbiology at the University of Iowa [...] most recently, Kiran is acting as the chief scientific officer at [...] Kiran offers his extensive knowledge and practical application of the latest science on the human microbiome as it relates to health and wellness [...] the presentation will focus on an overview of the latest scientific understanding of the human microbiomes (gut, respiratory, ocular, urogenital, skin, and oral) [...] understand the latest science on the human microbiome and its relationship to immune system health [...] she has been teaching BodyTalk and courses of her own design in science-based mind-body medicine for alternative healthcare practitioners for 8 years. Her focus is to bring the latest paradigm-changing scientific discoveries into the hands of healthcare practitioners to make a difference in clinical treatment of chronic disease. Laura developed a 4-day workshop presenting the latest scientific understanding of the microbiome and immune disease [...] she is a member of the Scientific Advisory Board of Mederi Foundation";
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(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
https://web.archive.org/web/*/http://www.calnd.org/mm19)
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[in "Intravenous Therapy Consent" (2015)]
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"I fully understand and confirm that the nature and purpose of the aforementioned treatment to be provided may be considered unproven by scientific testing and peer-reviewed publications and therefore may be considered medically unnecessary or not currently indicated";
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(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
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[in "California Naturopathic Doctors Association February 2013 Update" (2015)]
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"each submission will be evaluated for its scientific content, clinical relevance, and specific needs of the AANP's educational program";
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(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
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[in "Ameded and Restated Bylaws of The California Naturopathic Doctors Association" (2015)]
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"educational or scientific purposes";
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(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
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[in "Guidelines for Prescribing Controlled Substances for Pain" (2015)]
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"to strengthen the clarity and scientific rigor of the questions";
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(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
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[in "About" (2015)]
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"Dr. Deborah Gleisner, ND [...] she is a strong proponent of hydrotherapy, and employs science-based and evidence-based therapies";
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(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
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[in "The Benefits of Increasing Consumer Access to Naturopathic Doctors" (2014)]
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"required to pass National Licensing Exam [...] NPLEX [...that includes] basic sciences and clinical boards";
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(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
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[in "Naturopathic Medical Education Comparative Curricula" (2014)]
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"basic and clinical sciences: anatomy, cell biology, physiology, histology, pathology, biochemistry, pharmacology, lab diagnosis, neurosciences, clinical physical diagnosis, genetics, pharmacognosy, bio-statistics, epidemiology, public health, history and philosophy, ethics, and other coursework [NCNM] 1548 hours [Bastyr] 1639 hours";
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(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
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[in "Insurance" (2014)]
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"naturopathic doctors [...] complete four years of doctoral-level training, including two years of biomedical sciences and two years of clinical sciences and rotations";
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(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
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[in "Corporate Partners" (2013)]
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"Bastyr University is a nonprofit, private university offering graduate and undergraduate degrees, with a multidisciplinary curriculum in science-based natural medicine [...] Bastyr's international faculty teaches the natural health sciences with an emphasis on integrating mind, body, spirit and nature";
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(click here,
(archived here,
https://web.archive.org/web/20131231005137/http://www.calnd.org/corporatepartners)
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
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[in "Merging Medicine XIV Conference: Environmental Medicine and Oncology in Primary Practice" (2013)]
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"Dr. Joseph Pizzorno is a world leading authority on science-based natural medicine, a term he coined in 1978. He is founding president of Bastyr University, Editor-in-Chief of Integrative Medicine, A Clinician’s Journal, Vice-chair of the Board of IFM, co-founder and Treasurer of the Board of AANP, and Chair of Science Board of Bioclinic Naturals [...] Dr. Jaclyn Chasse  [...] as co-authored several scientific journal articles";
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(click here,
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[in "Naturopathic Medicine - The Basics" (2013)]
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"naturopathic doctors are trained at accredited, four-year, post-graduate, residential naturopathic medical programs. The training consists of comprehensive study of the conventional medical sciences [...] in the United States, the naturopathic medical profession's infrastructure includes accredited educational institutions, professional licensing, national standards of practice, peer review, and a commitment to state-of-the-art scientific research";
(click here,
(archived here,
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(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
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[in "Frequently Asked Questions" (2011)]
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"as with all physicians today, naturopathic doctors are trained at accredited, four to five-year, post-graduate, medical institutions. The training consists of a comprehensive study of the conventional medical sciences";
(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
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[in 'homepage' (2010)]
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"NDs are trained in the same medical sciences as MDs";
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(click here,
http://www.calnd.org/)[vsc 2010-12-28]
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[in "Southwest College of Naturopathic Medicine" (2010)]
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"their faculty's commitment to the art and science of healing has made SCNM a leader among the naturopathic medical schools";
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(click here,
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[in "About the CDNA" (2010)]
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"Deborah Gleisner practices as a naturopathic doctor and certified professional midwife in Los Angeles [...] she is a strong proponent of hydrotherapy, and employs science-based and evidence-based therapies";
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(click here,
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[in "Bastyr University" (2010)]
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"Bastyr University, located north of Seattle, Washington, is one of the world's leading academic centers for advancing knowledge in the natural health sciences";
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(click here,
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[in “Resource Links” (2007)]
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Bastyr University, located north of Seattle, Washington, is one of the world's leading academic centers for advancing knowledge in the natural health sciences. A twenty-five-year pioneer in natural medicine, Bastyr continues to be in the forefront of developing the model for 21st century medicine […] Southwest College of Naturopathic Medicine […] located in sunny Arizona, SCNM prepares students to become naturopathic physicians trained and educated in the principles of naturopathic medicine. We promote learning through educational innovation, medical integration, and research and clinical collaboration. Their faculty's commitment to the art and science of healing has made SCNM a leader among the naturopathic medical schools”;
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(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
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the [defunct] California Association of Naturopathic Physicians states:
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[for the California Association of Naturopathic Physicians http://www.canp.org archive, click here,
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[in "President of California Senate Introduces Measure to Expand Consumer Access to Naturopathic Medicine" (2010)]
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"naturopathic medicine is a patient-centered approach to healthcare that focuses on science-based lifestyle, nutritional, and botanical therapies. The four years of naturopathic medical education include basic medical sciences";
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(click here,
http://www.healthy.net/scr/Article.asp?Id=2274)[vsc 2010-12-28][not archived]
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[in "Naturopathic Physicians Urge Recognition in State of California:Healthcare for Low-Income Urban and Rural Children Would Benefit" (2001)]
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"naturopathic physicians [...] study basic sciences for the first two years";
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(click here,
(archived here,
http://web.archive.org/web/20010208201234/http://canp.org/RURALprsrel.html)[vsc 2010-12-29]
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
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[in "Naturopathic Medicine - The Basics" (2000)]
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"naturopathic doctors are trained at accredited, four-year, post-graduate, residential naturopathic medical programs. The training consists of comprehensive study of the conventional medical sciences [...] in the United States, the naturopathic medical profession's infrastructure includes accredited educational institutions, professional licensing, national standards of practice, peer review, and a commitment to state-of-the-art scientific research";
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(click here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
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the State of California states:
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[in "Frequently Asked Questions Licensure" (2017)]
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"an approved naturopathic medical school or program is one that [...] includes basic science and clinical didactic studies [...] National University of Health Sciences, Lombard, Ill";
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[in "Naturopathic Medicine Committee of California Administrative Manual 11/7/2016" (2017)]
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"in the late 1800s, the deans of the leading American medical schools at that time (Harvard, University of Michigan, University of Pennsylvania, and Johns Hopkins University) came to prefer the German 'experimental science' model as distinct from 'observational science' based on the Aristotle model and often found in French and British medical schools [...] naturopathic medicine was the standard of care in the United States and Europe until the German 'experimental science' or 'allopathic' model of medicine became the new standard of care in the early 1930s [...] naturopathic doctors complete a rigorous four-year postgraduate medical education program at an accredited school recognized by the US Department of Education. As with conventional medical schools, the training includes biomedical sciences, for example, anatomy, physiology, and biochemistry, as well as clinical sciences such as cardiology, gastroenterology, neurology, etc.";
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[in "Naturopathic Medicine Committee Meeting Minutes September 17, 2012" (2017)]
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"Discussion/Approval: National University of Health Sciences (NUHS) AncillaryClinical Experience California ND Participation";
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[in "Bill Analysis SB 538 Page 1 Senate Third Reading SB 538 (Hueso) As Amended August 15, 2016" (2016)]
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"as a part of their education, they complete a minimum of 1,200 hours in clinical rotations, and a thorough curriculum in basic and clinical science that includes biochemistry, pharmacology, lab diagnosis, epidemiology, pathology, neuroscience, and clinical physical diagnosis [...] as part of the program requirements, a student must have completed a minimum of 4,100 total hours in basic and clinical sciences [...] in addition, regarding the efficacy and safety of the practice, the NIH reports that 'some of the individual therapies used in naturopathy have been researched for their efficacy, with varying results.  The complex treatment approaches that naturopathic physicians often use are challenging to study, and little scientific evidence is currently available on overall effectiveness.  Related research is under way but is in the early stages'";
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[in "Bill Analysis Senate Committee on Business, Professions and Economic Development Senator Jerry Hill, Chair 2015 - 2016 Regular" (2016)]
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"the National Institute of Health (NIH) considers naturopathy (which includes the practice by naturopathic doctors) complimentary medicine.  It cautions that 'the complex treatment approaches that naturopathic [doctors] often use are challenging to study, and little scientific evidence is currently available on overall effectiveness' [...] NIH states that: 'naturopathy is not a complete substitute for conventional care. Relying exclusively on naturopathic treatments and avoiding conventional medical care may be harmful or, in some circumstances have serious healthconsequences. Some beliefs and approaches of naturopathic practitioners are not consistent with conventional medicine, and their safety may not be supported by scientific evidence [...] the California Medical Association and the  California Association of Family Physicians  were in  opposition to the prior version of this bill and stated the following:  'the distinctive philosophy of naturopathic  medicine and many of its methods of diagnosis and treatment are unscientific in concept, biologically improbable and  clinically unproven.  Moreover, regardless of its theory, the scope and quality of naturopathic education do not prepare its practitioners to make either an adequate diagnosis or provide  appropriate treatment independent of medical doctors. Naturopathic services are not covered by Medicare or most  insurance policies for good reason: a lack of evidence of  appropriate effectiveness'";
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[in "State of California Department of Consumer Affairs Naturopathic Medicine Committee Oversight Review Report" (2016)]
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"in the late 1800s, the deans of the leading American medical schools (Harvard, University of Michigan, University of Pennsylvania, and Johns Hopkins University) came to prefer the German 'experimental science' model as distinct from 'observational science' based on the Aristotelian model often found in French and British medical schools [...] naturopathic medicine was the standard of care in the United States and Europe until the German 'experimental science' or 'allopathic' model of medicine became the new standard of care in the early 1930s [...] program requirements for its degree or diploma of a minimum of 4,100 total hours in basic and clinical sciences [...] Bastyr University lists the following career opportunities for graduates with a doctorate of naturopathic medicine [...] research scientist studying natural medicine [...] the educational component consists of basic and diagnostic sciences [...] neurosciences [...] clinical sciences [...] students must pass all basic science courses [...] below is a comparison of the basic science education of naturopathic doctors [...] naturopathic [...] 1125 [...] allopathic [...] 1079 [...] the chart below lists the schools in order of year established and the number of enrollees in the naturopathic medicine doctorate program [...] National University of Health Sciences [...] with emphasis on the basic sciences [...] NPLEX Part I - Biomedical Science Examination [...] this examination is designed to test whether the examinee has the scientific knowledge necessary for successful completion of clinical training [...] NABNE recommends that a student take the Part I - Biomedical Science Examination as soon as he or she completes biomedical science coursework [...] NABNE requires that a student pass the Part I - Biomedical Science Examination and graduate from an approved naturopathic medical program before he or she is eligible to take the NPLEX Part II - Clinical Science Examinations [...] NPLEX Part II - Core Clinical Science Examination is an integrated case-based examination that covers the following topics: diagnosis (using physical & clinical methods, and lab tests & imaging studies), materia medica (botanical medicine and homeopathy), nutrition, physical medicine, health psychology, emergency medicine, medical procedures, public health, pharmacology, and research [...] every jurisdiction that licenses naturopathic physicians requires that a candidate pass the NPLEX Part II - Core Clinical Science Examination [...] the table below shows the minimum number of hours of instruction in pharmacology required by each school to meet graduation requirements [...] National University of Health Sciences Lombard, Illinois: 90 [...] those persons having a medical or naturopathic degree from another country are directed by the Committee to contact one or more of the approved North American naturopathic medical schools to discuss possible classroom credits for basic sciences courses [...] per California Code of Regulations, Title 16, § 4220, the basic sciences board exam (NPLEX I) may be waived or deemed 'era appropriate' by North American Board of Naturopathic Examiners (NABNE) on a case-by-case basis [...] Part I — Biomedical Science Examination [...] Part II - Core Clinical Science Examination [...] prior to 1986, each state developed their own test(s) with emphasis on the basic sciences, diagnosis, and treatment [...] NPLEX Part I - Biomedical Science Examination [...] this examination is designed to test whether the examinee has the scientific knowledge necessary for successful completion of clinical training [...] the Part I - Biomedical Science Examination [...] as soon as he or she completes biomedical science coursework which is usually the end of the second year of medical school [...] Part I - Biomedical Science Examination and graduate from an approved naturopathic medical program before he or she is eligible to take the NPLEX Part II - Clinical Science Examinations[...] NPLEX Part II - Core Clinical Science Examination is an integrated case-based examination that covers the following topics: diagnosis (using physical & clinical methods, and lab tests & imaging studies), Materia Medica (botanical medicine and homeopathy), nutrition, physical medicine, health psychology, emergency medicine, medical procedures, public health, pharmacology, and research [...] program requirements for its degree or diploma of a minimum of 4,100 total hours in basic and clinical sciences, naturopathic philosophy, naturopathic modalities, and naturopathic medicine";
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[in "Background Paper for the Naturopathic Medicine Committee for the Joint Oversight Hearing, March 11, 2013" (2013)]
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"Beverly Yates, ND (professional member) is a graduate of the National College of Natural Medicine [...] she is on the Scientific Advisory Board for BSP Pharma, Inc. and is a past member of the Scientific Advisory Board for Enzymatic Therapy, Inc. and Integrative Therapeutics, Inc. [...] Gregory Weisswasser, ND (professional member) earned a Bachelor of Science in Psychology with a specialization in Health and Humanities from Michigan State University. He earned his Naturopathic Doctorate from Bastyr University in 2004";
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[much the same as "Naturopathic Medicine Committee Background Information and Overview of the Current Regulatory Program as of October 1, 2012" (2012)]
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[much the same as "State of California Department of Consumer Affairs Naturopathic Medicine Committee 2016 Oversight Review Report" (2016)]
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[in "Senate Committee on Business and Professions Senator Liz Figueroa, Chair" (2013)]
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"program requirements - requires a minimum of 4100 total hours in basic and clinical sciences [...]  opposition from currently licensed health care practitioners, especially physicians licensed by the Medical Board, questioned the efficacy of the naturopathic system of treatment and argued that its treatment premises and modalities have not been proven to be valid through scientific, 'double-blind' studies";
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(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
)
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[in "Frequently Asked Questions: Licensure" (2011)]
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"what is an approved naturopathic medical school? [...] offers a minimum 4100 hour (four-academic-year), postgraduate, in-residence curriculum (Business and Professions Code section 3623), which includes basic science and clinical didactic studies, as well as a minimum of 1200 clinical (experiential) training leading to a naturopathic doctor degree, or a diploma (from a Canadian program) [...] the CNME recognizes the following schools [...] National University of Health Sciences, Lombard, Ill";
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(click here,
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[in "homepage" (2011)]
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"August 12, 2011 [...] Bastyr University's California campus will be located at 4106 Sorrento Valley Boulevard in the heart of San Diego's life sciences cluster [...] San Diego was selected because of its strategic proximity to a significant number of prospective students, faculty and patients in Southern California who are interested in the natural health arts and sciences [..] Bastyr [...] is the largest university for natural health arts and sciences in the U.S. [...] Bastyr was the nation's first natural health arts and sciences university to receive funding from the National Institutes of Health (NIH)";
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(click here,
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[in "A Consumer's Guide to Naturopathic Medicine" by DCA's Naturopathic Medicine Committee (2010)]
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"naturopathic doctors attend four-year, graduate-level, accredited naturopathic medical schools. NDs are trained as primary care practitioners. Training covers a wide range of therapies as well as science and clinical courses";
(click here,
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(click here,
[I suggest this link be 'saved as' and then opened with Adobe Reader, as there's some kind of error opening it in Firefox](archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
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[in "Bureau of Naturopathic Medicine [...] Findings and Recommendations Regarding the Prescribing and
Furnishing Authority of a Naturopathic Doctor"
(2010)]
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"program requirements for its degree or diploma of a minimum of 4,100 total hours in basic and clinical sciences, naturopathic philosophy, naturopathic modalities, and naturopathic medicine [...] in order to qualify for licensure, NDs must take and pass Parts I and II of the Naturopathic Physicians Licensing Examination (NPLEX) [...] Part I of the NPLEX, the Basic Science Examinations [...] students are encouraged to take this portion of the examination as soon as they finish their basic science coursework[...] a student must pass Part I of the exam before being allowed to sit for Part II. Part II, the Core Clinical Science Examination [...] beginning with the August 2007 NPLEX Exam administration, the Part II - Core Clinical Science Series will be integrated into a single examination that will include homeopathy [...] in 1987, the American Association of Naturopathic Physicians (AANP) began work on a consensus definition of naturopathic medicine for the modern era. The definition, unanimously adopted by the AANP’s House of Delegates in 1989, focused on the guiding naturopathic principles and philosophy rather than specific therapeutic modalities or treatments. The definition reads: 'naturopathic medicine is a distinct system of primary health care - an art, science, philosophy and practice of diagnosis, treatment and prevention of illness. Naturopathic medicine is distinguished by the principles which underlie and determine its practice. These principles are based upon the objective observation of the nature of health and disease, and are continually reexamined in the light of scientific advances";
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(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
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[in "Listing of Approved Naturopathic Medical Schools" (2009)]
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"Candidate Programs: Illinois: National University of Health Sciences 200 East Roosevelt Road Lombard, IL 60148-4583 (630) 889-6566 www.nuhs.edu.  Candidacy granted March 2008";
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(click here,
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[in "Checklist for Application for State License as a Naturopathic Doctor ND -102 (Rev 05/11)" (2009)]
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"written examination verification: North American Board of Naturopathic Examiners (NABNE) NPLEX Part I (or waiver) – Basic Science and Part II – Clinical Science scores. Request official transcripts of your NPLEX scores by contacting NABNE at Postal Mailbox 321, 9220 SW Barbur Blvd., Suite 119, Portland, Oregon 97219-5434; telephone (503) 778-7990. Your official transcripts must be sent directly by NABNE to the Committee of Naturopathic Medicine";
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(click here,
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[in "Findings and Recommendations Regarding Minor Office Procedures" (2007)]
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"an applicant for licensure must have graduated from a naturopathic medical education program accredited by the Council on Naturopathic Medical Education (CNME). For accreditation, the schools must meet the following minimum requirements [...] program requirements for its degree or diploma of a minimum of 4,100 total hours in basic and clinical sciences [etc....] Part I of the NPLEX, the Basic Science Examinations [...] Part II, the Core Clinical Science Examination [...] beginning with the August 2007 NPLEX Exam administration, the Part II - Core Clinical Science Series will be integrated into a single examination that will include homeopathy";
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(click here,
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[in "Findings and Recommendations Regarding the Practice of Naturopathic Childbirth Attendance" (2007)]
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"an applicant for licensure must have graduated from a naturopathic medical education program accredited by the Council on Naturopathic Medical Education (CNME). For accreditation, the schools must meet the following minimum requirements [...] program requirements for its degree or diploma of a minimum of 4,100 total hours in basic and clinical sciences [etc....] the art and science of midwifery [...] related behavioral and social sciences [...] in order to qualify for licensure, NDs must take and pass Parts I and II of the Naturopathic Physicians Licensing Examination (NPLEX) [...] Part I of the NPLEX, the Basic Science Examinations [...] students are encouraged to take this portion of the examination as soon as they finish their basic science coursework [...] Part II, the Core Clinical Science Examination [...] beginning with the August 2007 NPLEX Exam administration, the Part II - Core Clinical Science Series will be integrated into a single examination that will include homeopathy";
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(click here,
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[in "Naturopathic Formulary Advisory Committee  Meeting Minutes October 8, 2006" (2006)]
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"there was a discussion about the definition of an IRB. The Department of Health & Human Services regulate IRBs. An IRB is done to protect the public and came out of the Nuremberg Trials after World War II. It does not assess the scientific validity because a scientific review board does the assessment before it goes to an IRB; an IRB weighs the risk to benefit ratio of including human subjects in trials";
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I.03.a.3. - British Columbia

[to return to the main document, click here, http://naturocrit.blogspot.com/]
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[BCNA and CNPBC]
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the British Columbia Naturopathic Association states:

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[BCNA individual practitioner pages are appendicized under each respective ND; for their Facebook page, click here: https://www.facebook.com/BCNaturopathicAssociation/]
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[re-searched 2017-06]
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[in "Astrologia: The Astrology of Wealth, Magic and Power" (2017)]
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"astrology is one of the oldest sciences known to mankind [...] the study of the influence that distant cosmic objects, usually stars and planets, have on human lives. The position of the sun, stars, moon and planets at the time of people's birth (not their conception) is said to shape their personality, affect their romantic relationships and predict their economic fortunes, among other divinations. The GOD Djanthi-Thoth introduced the science of astrology to mankind thousands of years ago [...] astrologia will examine the science of astrology in the way that it was meant to be taught [...] astrologia will examine the correct use of this ancient science in building wealth, increasing your magical power, and advancing your spiritual prowess";
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(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
https://web.archive.org/web/*/http://www.bcna.ca/calendar/index.php?eID=722)
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[in "Advanced Clinical Naturopathic Oncology Course" (2017)]
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"from reading a pathology report to end-of-life care, all aspects of clinical practice in oncology (the science and the study of cancer) will be explored";
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(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
https://web.archive.org/web/*/http://www.bcna.ca/calendar/index.php?eID=660)
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 [in "BCNA Vaccination Position Paper" (2017)]
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"the history of medical science is filled with examples where a lack of knowledge regarding the function of an immune component has translated to assuming that the component has no function [...] the World Health Organization scientists contend 'there is no evidence currently available that vaccines are contaminated with infectious agents that cause disease' [...] as science discovers previously unknown contaminants and screens for them";
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[in "Free Seminars and Open House New Westminster – May 12, 2012" (2017)]
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"with first-rate natural health-care for the whole family, the clinic equips our interns with essential hands-on experience in the art and science of practicing naturopathic medicine";
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[in "Letters to the Editor, The Vancouver Sun" (2017)]
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"[ND Chan] BCNA President [...] BSc [...] the implication is that there is no science to support IV therapy.  The depth of this research is substantial [...] it staggers the mind that two professors, supposedly experts in medical research, can turn a blind eye to the substance of an issue by replacing opinion for peer reviewed science";
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[in "October 3-7: American Academy of Environmental Medicine 47th Annual Scientific Meeting" (2017)]
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in title;
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(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
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[in "Supporting a Sustainable Health System" (2017)]
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"naturopathic medicine includes the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of disease, as well as the promotion of health. It weaves together healing traditions from around the world with modern scientific principles and technology [...] the BC Naturopathic Association stresses that while NDs are trained and examined in complementary therapies, they must acquire a science based education equivalent to traditional MDs [...] in Oregon, the government regulator for academic colleges stated that 'it would not be possible for an individual to pass all of the tests—which is necessary for licensure [as an ND]—without having a comprehensive foundation in the biological and biomedical sciences' [...] this underscores the shared knowledge amongst NDs and MDs. The solid grounding in biomedical sciences prepares NDs to know when a referral is required or when emergency intervention is necessary [...] medicine changes with the advent of new tests, procedures, medicines and scientific research [...] all medicine relies on science to inform and ensure efficacy of treatment [...] 'while most of my patients want alternatives to drug-based therapies, I am a science-based provider of health care services and I know when drugs are required,' Dr. Spooner said";
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(click here,
http://www.bcna.ca/wp/wp-content/uploads/2015/01/BCNA-to-SSC-on-Health-December-2014.pdf)

(archived here,
https://web.archive.org/web/20170603003049/http://www.bcna.ca/wp/wp-content/uploads/2015/01/BCNA-to-SSC-on-Health-December-2014.pdf)

(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
https://web.archive.org/web/*/http://www.bcna.ca/wp/wp-content/uploads/2015/01/BCNA-to-SSC-on-Health-December-2014.pdf)
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[in "From the CBC’s Almanac Program, April 29, 2013 " (2017)]
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"in an editorial, the CMAJ said complementary alternative therapies are frequently and legitimately criticized for failing to subject its methods to scientific scrutiny.  And yet,  when they publish studies (like this one), the journal gets criticized by mainstream doctors. The journal says physicians have a right to demand that complementary medicine be held to same standards of scientific proof as medicine itself – but no higher";
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[in "Naturopathic Medicine and Cancer" (2017)]
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"doctors find it a practical resource, as well as providing detailed information on mechanisms of action, scientific references and examples of protocols that have actually worked with cancer patients";
.
.
.
[in "Guidelines to Case Report Writing for Naturopathic Doctors" (2017)]
.
"Dugald Seely, ND [...] Division of Clinical Epidemiology, CCNM, Toronto, ON [...] Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, ON [...] Brenda Leung, ND [...] Dept. of Community Health Sciences, University of Calgary, Calgary, AB [...] Brenda Leung Dept. of Community Health Sciences Faculty of Medicine University of Calgary [...] a case report is anecdotal in that it provides informal observations that are uncontrolled, not subject to the scientific method, and cannot be independently confirmed [...] although such anecdotal evidence is not regarded as strictly scientific, it is often regarded as an invitation to more rigorous scientific study";
.
.
.
[in "The Spirit of Naturopathic Medicine" (2016)]
.
"naturopathic medicine is a profession built on an abundance of medical knowledge: knowledge that is based on clinical expertise, science, research, and thousands of years of anecdotal evidence";
.
.
.
[in "Naturopathic Medical Education Comparative Curricula" (2016)]
.
"basic and clinical sciences [...comparison] National College of Naturopathic Medicine 1548 [...] Bastyr University Naturopathic Medicine 1639 [...] Yale University 1420 [...] Johns Hopkins 1771 [...] Medical College of Wisconsin 1363 [...] Trinity College of Natural Health 272 [...] Clayton College of Natural Health 100";
.
(click here,
.
.
.
.
[in "Becoming a Naturopathic Doctor" (2016)]
.
"accredited naturopathic physician colleges [...include] Illinios: National University of Health Sciences, Illinios [...] most NDs first complete a four year bachelors degree in the arts or sciences [...] doctors also study scientific journals and books and, of course, manage clinic business [...] as noted, people skills are most important. But also communication skills and strong clinical expertise in the basic sciences [...] students should have a good comprehension of biology, chemistry, physics, sociology and computers [...] the newest medical and scientific discoveries and equipment help doctors better diagnose disease and to effectively treat it, without compromising the fundamental principles of naturopathic medicine";
.
.
.
[in "Questions and Answers" (2016)]
.
"naturopathic medicine is medicine that treats the underlying cause of disease; it is the art and science";
.
.
.
[in "Naturopathic Scope of Practice Gap Analysis" (2015)]
.
"NPLEX licensing exams for NDs in relation to manipulation sciences [...] as a medical professional with training in the basic and clinical sciences [...] the naturopathic profession desires what every other profession has, which is the scope to grow and develop over time using its scientific and clinical training as a foundation [...] the existing scientific research and clinical experience regarding the risks of manipulation [...] an article by Dr. Hal Brown was recently published in the BCNA Bulletin, Summer 2004, which reviewed the scientific literature [...] in basic science prerequisites [...] the existing scientific research [...] including basic science prerequisites [...] the scientific literature demonstrates that the risk associated with cervical manipulation is very low [...] naturopathic medicine, like allopathic medicine, is an evolving art and science [...] students attending Canadian naturopathic medical colleges receive 970 hours of training in basic science and non-pharmacology prerequisites [...] what is the scientific evidence of risk from allergy testing and therapy [...] basic science examinations NPLEX [...] clinical science examinations NPLEX [...] medicine (the science and art of dealing with the maintenance of health and the prevention, alleviation, or cure of disease) [...] in common possession of scientific facts [...] though exactly the same scientific and medical facts of the human body can be observed, they are interpreted and applied by two different world views [...] medicine is defined as the science and art of dealing with the maintenance of health and the prevention, alleviation, or cure of disease [...] in addition to the eight core clinical science examinations required by all regulated jurisdictions, NPLEX prepares five basic science examinations [...] the part 1 - basic science examinations [...] the part 2 - clinical science examinations [...] a comprehensive foundation in the biological and biomedical sciences [...] in common possession of scientific facts [...] NPLEX Licensing Exams for NDs in relation to manipulation sciences";
.
(click here,
(archived here,
.
.
[in 'homepage' (2015)]
.
"we act to advance the scientific, educational, professional and economic welfare of all members of the profession in BC.";
.
(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
.
.
[in "The Nature of Naturopathic Medicine" (2014)]
.
"[authored by Glenn Cassie] naturopathic medicine is science based natural medicine [...] embracing these tenets, on a science-based platform [...] NDs must complete three-years of pre-medical training and four-years full-time at an accredited naturopathic college.  This includes all the basic sciences [...] a comprehensive foundation in the biological and biomedical sciences [...] in common possession of scientific facts [...] in the same scientific fashion of allopathic care [...] there is a wealth of research, both controlled and double-blind clinical studies, showing the scientific basis and validity of naturopathic protocols [...] and naturopathic scientific journals [...] and naturopathic scientific journals [...] the division between alternative and orthodox medicine is not of a scientific nature";
.
(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,

.
[in "Editors, Times Colonist" (2011-03-11)]
.

"[authored by ND Christoph Kind] published data shows that science education for NDs meets or exceeds that which MD’s receive [...] naturopathic students receive more training in basic and some clinical sciences at accredited naturopathic colleges than students who attend standard medical schools [...] we look forward to continuing to provide high-quality, science-based health care to hundreds of thousands of British Columbians each year and helping them manage their prescription medications";
.

(click here,

.


.

["About Naturopathic Medicine -- The Nature of Naturopathic Medicine" (2010)]

.

"[authored by Glenn Cassie] naturopathic medicine is science based natural medicine [...built upon upon] a science-based platform [...that there's an abundance of evidence concerning] the scientific basis and validity of naturopathic protocols [...and speaks of] allopathic and naturopathic scientific journals";

.
(click here,
http://www.bcna.ca/files_3/naturophatic.php)[vsc 2010-06-21, 2010-12-22, 2012-04-08]
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
.

(click here,


(archived here,


(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,


[defunct](for a youtube.com slideshow of this, click here {00.01.26-00.01.37},


(for a digg.com social bookmark of this, click here,


.
.
[in "About The Association" (2010)]
.
"we act to advance the scientific, educational, professional and economic welfare of all members of the profession in BC";
.
(click here,
.



.
[in "General FAQs" (2010)]
.
"homeopathy is a highly systematic, scientific method of therapy";
.
(click here,
.
.
[in "What the BC Medical Association Has Stated" (2010)]
.
"what the BC Medical Association has stated (fifth paragraph): 'the use of alternative therapies and the delivery of care through health practitioners who are not trained in universities and have a totally different approach to patient care than those who have traditional, scientific-based training is a reality [I agree!...BCNA responds] there is no 'ND biology' or science education that is any different than the science education MDs receive [...quoting Pelletier] 'their solid grounding in biomedical sciences prepares naturopaths to recognize dangerous conditions that require conventional medical intervention'";
(click here,
.

.

[in "Naturopathic Medical Education: The Healing Power of Being Informed By P. Wolfe" (2010)]
.

"see the table below comparing the average number of hours of basic sciences studied by naturopathic (ND), allopathic (conventional MD) [!!!]  and osteopathic (DO) medical students as published in the journal, Alternative and Complementary Therapy [...] there is today a considerable and growing body of evidence-based research validating naturopathic methods in peer-reviewed scientific journals [...] naturopathic [...] 1125 [...] allopathic [...] 1079 [...] osteopathic [...] 976";
.

(click here,

.
.

[in "Your Health" (2010 Winter)]
.

"many Canadians aren’t aware of how safe, scientific and effective naturopathic medicine is. Naturopathic medicine is based on the scientific assertion that the body, when given the appropriate support, has the potential to heal itself [...] it’s not magic, just good science [...quoting the National Post 2009-10-24] 'many naturopaths reject basic scientific principles of medicine' [...] it’s a scientific fact that exercise stimulates the creation of new brain cells [...] 'a silent and powerful third player in all medical decision-making is corrupted science — the bias that pervades medical research today through its dominance by the pharmaceutical and medical-device industries' [...] the Centers for Science in the Public Interest said the AAFP should urge patients to avoid sweetened soft drinks [...] there is insufficient scientific evidence proving that vaccines are safe or effective [...] the vacillating interpretation of 'vaccine science,' it is in the public’s best interest to amend the vaccine laws";
.

(click here,

.
.

[in "Your Health" (2010 Spring)]
.

"why are these products subject to restrictions on contents and dosage that defy any scientifically justified standard? [...] it is the position of the College that it is not appropriate for pathologists and radiologists to accept requisitions from practitioners such as naturopaths [sic.] and chiropractors as their philosophical foundation of disease causation and treatment differs significantly and is not compatible with the scientific basis of orthodox, evidence-based medicine [...] scientists have long known vitamin D is important for calcium absorption [...] recently, a team of European and American scientists confirmed findings [...] a recent study published in the journal Nature Neuroscience [...] stranger still is that when the scientists removed the high-fat foods [...] naturopathic physicians (NDs) are primary health care providers with 7-8 years post secondary education who practice safe, effective, science-based natural health care";
.

.
.

[in "Your Health" (2010 Summer)]
.

"Dr. Pamela Hutchison addresses the science behind one IV treatment, glutathione [...] following pre-med, the four-year ND program covers many of the same science courses as at 'conventional' medical school [...] drug education is of course a core part of pharmacology training and other core science courses in the ND curricula [...] naturopathic medical education comparative curricula [with ND schools greater than MD schools in science coursework, overall...e.g.] basic and clinical science [...for NCNM] 1548 [...for Yale University] 1420 [...] naturopathic medicine, like allopathic medicine, is an evolving art and science [...] the research scientists conducting the study showed that vitamin D supplementation [...] a recent profile on IV therapy in the Globe and Mail focused on the 'athletes, rock stars and scientists [...] frequenting naturopathic doctors for the fast-acting boosters' [...] they must do so in ways unexplained by conventional science [...] the mainstream medical and scientific community dismissed these studies";
.

(click here,

.
.

[in "Your Health" (2010 Winter)]
.

"'scientists have found' [...] the world scientific literature contains more than 1500 articles on bee venom alone [...] has repeatedly shown that high protein [...] Is there really any 'objective' truth out there for our scientists to measure? [...] I work from as much of a rational and scientific basis as I can [...] given the current interpretation of what is 'scientific' [...] the scientists feel a need to keep it simple [...] the science industry [...] the science, of medicine [...] it is the BCNA’s purpose to advance the scientific, educational and professional aspects of naturopathic medicine";
.

(click here,

.
.

[in "New Member Form, 2010-2011"]
.

"we act to advance the scientific, educational, professional and economic welfare of all members of the profession in BC";
.

[2010](click here,


[2009](click here,

.
.

[in "Your Health" (2009 Spring)]
.

"the announcement is a result of an extensive review of the evidence and benefits of science-based naturopathic medicine [...] flavoring is a high stakes science [...] a skeptical food scientist in Minnesota";
.

(click here,

.
.

[in "Provincial Government Passes New Regulations for NDs [...]" (2009 Spring)]
.

"the announcement is a result of an extensive review of the evidence and benefits of science-based naturopathic medicine by the provincial government";
.

(click here, 

http://www.bcna.bc.ca/files_3/documents/YHSpring2009.pdf)[vsc 2010-05-03][robots blocked c2016-06-03]
. .

[in "BC Naturopathic Association Applauds Provincial Government’s Realization of Commitment to Improve Patient Care in BC" (2009)]
.

"the announcement is a result of an extensive review of the evidence and benefits of science-based naturopathic medicine by the provincial government";
.

(click here,

.
.

[in "Your Health" (2009 Winter)]
.

"following pre-med, the four year ND program covers many of the same science courses as at 'conventional' medical school [...] and other core science courses in the ND curricula [...] in a recent study, scientists found that many Parkinson’s patients [...] scientists were able to link [...] according to scientific studies reviewed by the AP [...] the scientific definition of obesity";
.

(click here,

.
.

[in "Your Health" (2009 Fall)]
.

"sometimes science needs to catch up [...] there are over 300 published scientific studies to support this finding [...] scientists and researchers claim [...] top forensic scientists [...] source: www.sciencemag.org [...] one of the world’s top brain scientists [...] science is now beginning to back up the concept";
.

(click here,

.
.

[in "Your Health" (2008 Fall)]
.

"as one scientist put it [...] conducted by three scientists in the UK, German and Netherlands [...] following pre-med, the four-year ND program covers many of the same science courses as at 'conventional' medical school [...] and other core science courses in the ND curricula [...] naturopathic medicine, like allopathic medicine, is an evolving art and science [...] a senior scientist at the BC Cancer Agency [...] has been shown in the scientific journals";
.

(click here,

.
.
[in "BC’s Naturopathic Physicians Applaud Health Initiatives in Speech from the Throne" (2008)]
.
"naturopathic medicine incorporates both innovative science based diagnostics and therapies with traditional and age-proven medicine [...] training includes the same basic sciences that medical doctors receive";
.
(click here,
.


.

[in "Pharmacology 2008"]

.

"following pre-med, the four-year ND program covers many of the same science courses as at 'conventional' medical school [...per the] core science courses in the ND curricula [...] naturopathic medicine [...] is an evolving art and science";

.

(click here,

.

.

[in "British Columbia Naturopathic Association Conversation on Health Participant Toolkit Prepared for: NDs and Their Patients" (2007)]
.

"naturopathic medicine is a science-based approach to health care, with an excellent safety and success record";
.

(click here,

.
.

[in "Your Health" (2007-2008 Winter)]
.

"sponsored by the US National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences [...] one prominent scientist in this field [...] there have been hundreds of scientific 'proofs' of vitamin therapy";
.

(click here,

.
.

[in "Your Health" (2007 Fall)]
.

"scientists have long known that mercury [...] scientists didn’t know for sure if toxins [...] the scientists discovered that the increased production [...] scientific director of the Child & Family Research Institute in Vancouver, Canada [...] in the journal Environmental Science and Technology [...] the US National Academy of Sciences [...] in the scientific literature [...] it is the BCNA’s purpose to advance the scientific, educational and professional aspects of naturopathic medicine";
.

(click here,

.
.

[in "Your Health" (2007 Winter)]
.

"the practice of naturopathic medicine is compatible with and supports current scientific, social and cultural norms [...] NDs address the root cause(s) of your ailments using science-based therapies that are safe, gentle and effective [...] it is the BCNA’s purpose to advance the scientific, educational and professional aspects of naturopathic medicine";
.

(click here,

.
.
 [in "Your Health" (2007 Summer)]
.
"TCM or traditional Chinese medicine: TCM is an ancient medical science employed by various health professionals. All NDs are educated, trained and examined in TCM [...]  it is the BCNA’s purpose to advance the scientific, educational and professional aspects of naturopathic medicine";
.
(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,

.

["BC’s Naturopathic Physicians Support Health Care Vision in Throne Speech" (2006)]

.








"naturopathic medicine is government-regulated, science-based natural medicine that is practiced in British Columbia by highly educated, licensed naturopathic physicians";

.

(click here,


(archived here,


(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,



.
.

[in "FAQ" (2006)]

.

"homeopathy is a highly systematic, scientific method of therapy";

.

(click here,


(archived here,


(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,


[defunct](for a youtube.com slideshow of this, click here{00.00.34-00.00.39},


.

.

[in "Your Health" (2006 Spring)]
.

"a new scientific enquiry has began [...] science is beginning to link up nutrition with behavior [...] a research scientist at Oxford University [...] a useful resource is Dr. Neil McKinney’s Naturally There’s Hope, a concise and encyclopedic handbook of scientific research [...] the patent application included a request for both the test and the scientific fact [...] it is the BCNA’s purpose to advance the scientific, educational and professional aspects of naturopathic medicine";
.

(click here,

.
.

[in "Your Health" (2006 Summer)]
.

"the urgings of scientists [...] TCM herbs have lacked good scientific research [...] controlled scientific studies [...] modern scientific research is beginning [...] there is no basis in science for the policy [...] it is the BCNA's purpose to advance the scientific, educational and professional aspects of naturopathic medicine";
.

(click here,

.
.

[in "Your Health" (2006 Fall)]
.

"BC’s Naturopathic Doctors: Providing a Science-Based Medical Alternative. Naturopathic medicine is government regulated science based natural medicine [...] an emphasis on science-based alternatives [...] according to scientists at the National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine (NCCAM) [...] science supports pharmaceuticals -- or so we hear [...] it is the BCNA’s purpose to advance the scientific, educational and professional aspects of naturopathic medicine";
.

(click here,

.
.

[in "Your Health" (2006 Winter)]
.

"the point where many people begin to question not only the health care system but also the science behind it [...] Dr. Swetlikoff focused on the variety of science-based alternative ways to support the immune system employed by naturopathic doctors [...] it is the BCNA’s purpose to advance the scientific, educational and professional aspects of naturopathic medicine";
.

(click here,

.
.

[in "Your Health" (2005 Spring)]
.

"melatonin, for example, has been studied for many types of cancers in medical science [...] naturopathic medicine is science-based primary health care focused on prevention and wellness [...] in fact, NDs receive more training in basic and some clinical sciences than students at standard medical schools [...] despite the training that NDs receive in pharmaceutical sciences [...] naturopathic physicians are fully qualified primary health care providers licensed in BC since 1921 and trained to use science-based methods to diagnose and treat patients [...] naturopathic medicine, with its core focus on disease prevention, wellness and science-based patient-centered care, is the most comprehensive of complementary medical services available [...] despite their extensive education, examination and ongoing training in pharmaceutical sciences [...] it is the BCNA’s purpose to advance the scientific, educational and professional aspects of naturopathic medicine";
.

(click here,

.
.

[in "Your Health" (2005 Fall)]
.

"the science education and training of NDs and MDs is very similar [...] at the heart of the MMR vaccine controversy is an attempt to blind people with science. Proponents of the vaccine say science has proved it is safe and that those who deny this are scientifically illiterate [...] when I pointed this out in the Daily Mail last week, I was attacked in these pages by Dr Ben Goldacre, who said I did not understand how science worked [...] does not meet a scientific standard of proof since it is prone to bias [...] having accused me of misunderstanding 'real' science [...] Goldacre then claims that I have fallen for pseudoscience [...] are these really the attributes of a scientific vocabulary? [...] the government and the medical establishment deny the evidence of any such effect. They claim that science has shown there is no case to answer [...] but it depends on which type of science [...] the fact is that scientists are making progress in deciphering the mysterious relationship, which Wakefield first identified [...] suddenly, a scientist bursts onto the scene [...] in this example the scientist would look pretty stupid [...] they have not applied the tenets, principles, axioms of homeopathic science [...] describing the findings as 'unscientific' [...] scientists estimate that, on average, each minute spent walking can extend your life by 1.5 to 2 minutes [...] a month after the expose in Science, the NHLBI responded [...] it is the BCNA’s purpose to advance the scientific, educational and professional aspects of naturopathic medicine";
.

(click here,

.
.

[in "Your Health" (2005 Summer)]
.

"although both scientists and lay people alike may frequently identify a single dietary element [...] scientists have long been aware of selenium’s role [...] it is the BCNA’s purpose to advance the scientific, educational and professional aspects of naturopathic medicine";
.

(click here,

.
.

[in "Your Health" (2005 Winter)]
.

"“BC’s 200-plus NDs go to their clinics every day with a core belief that prevention, wellness and science based patient-centered care is just what the doctor ordered [...] Norum is the most senior scientist involved in an attempt to formulate a worldwide policy to fight heart disease [...] published by the National Academy of Sciences [...] neuroscience [...] National Academy of Sciences website [...] scientifically proven alternative health options will be offered by the Calgary Health Region on its 24-hour phone line [...] the scientific basis of modern medicine with rigged market driven clinical studies [...] the deliberate withholding of scientific data [...] it is the BCNA’s purpose to advance the scientific, educational and professional aspects of naturopathic medicine";
.

(click here,

.
.

[in "Your Health" (2004 Summer)]
.

"it is the BCNA’s purpose to advance the scientific, educational and professional aspects of naturopathic medicine [...] scientists have long been interested in artemisinin [...] . in the animal study, published in Science [...] this is not the first study to show increased risks, but it is the first one the scientific community is listening to";
.

(click here,

.
.

[in "Your Health" (2004 Fall)]
.

"naturopathic medicine is science-based primary health care [...] in fact, students of naturopathic medicine receive more training in basic and clinical sciences than students at standard medical schools [...] licensed naturopathic physicians attend a four-year medical school and study the same basic sciences and diagnostic techniques covered in a traditional medical school [...] it is the BCNA's purpose to advance the scientific, educational and professional aspects of naturopathic medicine";
.

(click here,

.
.
[in "Your Health" (2003 Winter)]
.
"there are many valid, science-based alternatives to drug therapy for depression: Speak to your ND, a specialist in complementary medicine, about what’s right for you [...] it is the BCNA’s purpose to advance the scientific, educational and professional aspects of naturopathic medicine";
.
(click here,
(archived here,
.
.

[in "Your Health" (2003 Spring)]
.

"the minister is accurate in addressing the enormous public demand for science-based natural alternatives to invasive drug and surgical therapies in health care [...] numerous studies have shown a scientific basis for naturopathic medicine [...] science has repeatedly shown [ect....] people need to remember that science-based natural treatments hold an important key for both supporting the body and fighting severe infections (which includes viruses) [...] the scientific community is trying to ascertain the origins of SARS [...] for general preventive approaches to SARS incorporating science-based natural therapies, please refer to http://www.naturopathicassoc.ca/SARS.htm [...] it is the BCNA’s purpose to advance the scientific, educational and professional aspects of naturopathic medicine";
.

(click here,

..

[in "Your Health" (2002 Winter)]
.

"one does not have to be a rocket scientist [...] a senior scientist with the research institute [...] it is the BCNA’s purpose to advance the scientific, educational and professional aspects of naturopathic medicine";
.

(click here,

.
.
the College of Naturopathic Physicians of British Columbia states:
.
.
[in "Examinations Information" (2017)]
.
"once a candidate has successfully passed the College’s examinations, both the NPLEX biomedical science and clinical science examinations [...] s/he must apply for registration (licensure) with the College within one year";
.
.
.
[in "Bylaws Under the Health Professions Act" (2017)]
.
"an original certificate, notarized copy, or other evidence satisfactory to the registration committee of not less than three (3) years liberal arts or sciences study and evidence satisfactory to the registration committee that he or she is the person named therein";
.
.
.
[in "BC Board Examinations Information and Application" (2017)]
.
"once a candidate has successfully passed the BC Board examinations and both the NPLEX biomedical science and clinical science examinations as well as the required add-on examinations for BC";
.
(click here,
.
.
.
.
[in "Naturopathic Medical Schools" (2017)]
.
"National University of Health Sciences";
.
.
.
[in "Requirements for Registration as a Naturopathic Doctor in BC" (2017)]
.
"successful completion of not less than three (3) years libaral arts or sciences study [...] successful completion of the [...] NPLEX [...] basic science";
.
.
.
[in "Code of Conduct" (2017)]
.
"failure to use scientifically accepted barrier precautions and infection control practices [...] the naturopathic physician will practice the art, science and spirit of the profession to the best of his/her ability and judgment while following these principles of naturopathic medicine [...] the naturopathic physician [...] will practice the science and art of naturopathic medicine to the best of his/her ability [...] communication of medical and scientific information [...] will recognize a responsibility to give the generally held opinions of the profession when interpreting knowledge of a scientific nature of the public [...] will communicate medical or scientific research with colleagues through appropriate scientific channels to help determine its merits";
.
.
.
[in "Hyperbaric Oxgyen Therapy Certification Requirements" (2017)]
.
"these have scientific and mechanistic validity";
.
.
.
[in "School Links" (2011)]
.
"National University of Health Sciences";
.
(click here,
.
.
[in "Annual General Meeting - April 4, 2009" (2011)]
.
"changes to NABNE/NPLEX in 2008 were as follows: NPLEX Part 1 - in August 2008 the Biomedical Science series examinations were combined into a single examination that will cover the topics of anatomy, biochemistry, microbiology, immunology, pathology and physiology. NPLEX Part 2 - in August 2007 the Core Clinical Science series examinations were combined into a single examination that  [...includes] homeopathy [...] note that homeopathy is no longer a Clinical Add-On exam and has been integrated into the Core Clinical Science exam";
.
(click here,
.
.
[in "Clinical Guidelines for Spinal Manipulation in Naturopathic Practice" (2011)]
.
"there have been rare reported cases of disc injuries following cervical and lumbar spinal adjustments although no scientific study has ever demonstrated such injuries are caused, or may be caused, by spinal adjustments [...] diagnosis is an art as well as a science";
.
(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
.
(click here,
.
.
[in "Specialty Therapy Certification Requirements" (2011)]
.
"the Undersea and Hyperbaric Medical Society has since 1977 published a list of approved indications for appropriate use of hyperbaric oxygen in medicine. These have scientific and mechanistic validity based on high quality controlled clinical trials, and are an important guideline to practitioners and third party reimbursement agencies";
.
(click here,
.
.
[in "BC Board Examinations Information and Application Procedure" (2010, 2011)]
.
"once a candidate has successfully passed the BC Board examinations and both the NPLEX Biomedical Science and Clinical Science examinations as well as the required add-on examinations for BC, he/she must [etc.]";
.
(click here,

.
(click here,
.
.
[in "BC Board Examination Information and Application Procedure" (2009)]
.
"once a candidate has successfully passed the BC Board examinations and both the NPLEX biomedical science and clinical science examinations";
.
(click here,
.
.
[in "Annual Report 2006"]
.
"for decades the CNPBC has protected the public with science based, accountable, and safe practices [...] Lorne Swetlikoff, B.Sc., ND. President [...] beginning with the August 2007 NPLEX Exam Administration, the Part II - Core Clinical Science Examinations will be integrated into a single examination. The integrated examination will include homeopathy [...] a candidate who has not passed all examinations in the Part II - Core Clinical Science Series, or who has not passed the Homeopathy Add-On Examination prior to August 2007, will be required to take the entire Part II - Core Clinical Integrated Examination";
.
(click here,
.
.
[in "Prescriptive Authority for Naturopathic Physicians: Objectives, Rationale and a Framework for Regulation"(2006)]
.
"demand for naturopathic medical services continues to rise as patients seek valid, science-based alternatives [...] naturopathic medicine is a system of primary health care: the science [...] the approaches of naturopathic and allopathic physicians [...] both disciplines are guided by scientific, evidence-based approaches to treatment and intervention. In addition, both disciplines evolve with advances and changes in science and technology [...] academic requirements for NDs include at least four years of premedical education, followed by four years (4400 to 4600 hours) of naturopathic medical training and clinical sciences [...] graduates possess current pharmacotherapeutic knowledge and skills grounded in scientific research as well as in historical, clinical experience (as do medical graduates) [...] this report also concludes that naturopathic medicine diverges from allopathic medicine only 'at the point where professionals in common possession of scientific facts conscientiously disagree on how best to use their shared knowledge in treating patients' [...] patient care under an ND is primary health care, based on a shared scientific foundation and body of expertise, but with a different focus [...] 'a comprehensive foundation in the biological and medical sciences' [...] beginning in 2007, nine of the ten examinations, including the Core Clinical Sciences and homeopathy, will be integrated into a single examination, which must be passed in its entirety";
.
(click here,
.
.
[in "BC Board Examinations Information and Application Procedure" (2006)]
.
"once a candidate has successfully completed the BC Board examinations and both the NPLEX Basic Science and Core Clinical examinations as well as the required add-on examinations for BC, he/she must [etc.]";
.
(click here,
.
.
[in "Requirements and Procedures for BC Licensure" (2006)]
.
"meet the following educational requirements: complete not less than 3 years liberal arts or sciences study in an accredited college or university [...] successfully pass the following NPLEX examinations: basic science series";
.
(click here,
.
(click here,
.
.
[in "Board Meeting Minutes" (2006)]
.
"complete not less than 3 years liberal arts or sciences study in an accredited college or university [...] discussion around previous CNPBC working for licensure requirements concluding that first, second and third years liberal arts and sciences requirement is not clearly defined";
.
(click here,
.
.
[in "Physicians Relations Committee Quarterly Member Update - Fall 2004"]
.
"patients should not be lead to believe that these remedies have undergone the same level of scientific scrutiny as standard vaccines";
.
(click here,
.
.
[in a letter to Dr. Penny Ballem, MD of the BC Ministry of Health and Planning 2003]
.
"[CNPBC Board of Directors] naturopathic practice is organic, evolving with changing technology and scientific research";
.
(click here,
.
.