Sunday, April 09, 2017

Appendix I.03.main. - States, Provinces, state org.s, province org.s

[to return to the main document, click here, http://naturocrit.blogspot.com/]
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A1. United States - States / Districts proper:
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the District of Columbia states:
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[in "Government of the District of Columbia, Department of Health Health, Professional Licensing Administration, Medical Programs Branch, Board of Medicine's Advisory Committee on Naturopathic Physicians" (2007)]
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"applicants for a license by examination must have successfully completed an educational program to practice as a naturopathic physician accredited by the Council of Naturopathic Medicine Education (CNME) basic science and clinical examination sections [...] an applicant shall take and pass part II of the clinical science examination within five (5) years of taking part I of the basic science examination";
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(click here,
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the State of California [see here]:
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the State of Colorado Department of Regulatory Agencies states:
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[in "Naturopathic Physicians: Submitted by the Colorado Department of Regulatory Agencies, June 1993"]
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"some skeptics of the effectiveness of homeopathic remedies contend that they lack a scientific rationale [...] in response to the skeptics, a British biochemistry professor concluded in a 1984 edition of the British Homeopathic Journal: 'despite a great deal of experimental and clinical work there is only a little scientific evidence to suggest that homeopathy is effective. This is because of bad design, execution, reporting or failure to repeat promising experimental work and not necessarily because of the inefficacy of the system which has yet to be properly tested on a large enough scale' [...] there is disparity among the scientific community as to the effectiveness of hydrotherapy [...] the U.S. Department of Education recognizes the Council on Naturopathic Medical Education (CNME) as the national agency for accreditation of naturopathic medical curriculum. The CNME requires four years of graduate level study in medical sciences and naturopathic therapeutics [...] the naturopathic medical college program is a 4-year post-graduate curriculum consisting of two years of instruction in basic sciences [...] during the third and fourth years, the emphasis is on the clinical sciences [...] naturopathic medical education provides leadership in integrating Western medical sciences and diagnostics with traditional therapies from diverse cultures [...] naturopathic and major medical schools comparative curricula [...] basic and clinical sciences including: anatomy, cell biology, physiology, pathology, neurosciences, clinical/physical diagnosis, histology, genetics, biochemistry, pharmacology, lab diagnosis, pharmacognosy, biostatistics, epidemiology, public health, history, philosophy, ethics, research and other coursework [...NCNM] 2070 [...Bastyr] 1891 [...JH] 1794 [...Mayo] 1640 [...Yale] 1457 [...Stanford] 1401";
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(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
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the State of Connecticut's Department of Public Health states:
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[apparently "natureopathy" is their preferred spelling] 
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[in "Practitioner Licensing And Investigations Section: Naturopathic Physician Licensure Information"]
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"graduated from a school of naturopathy approved by the Connecticut State Board of Naturopathic Examiners and Department of Public Health, with award of the Doctor of Naturopathy degree. Approved schools include only those schools accredited or in candidate status with the Council on Naturopathic Medical Education (CNME); Successfully completed both the Basic Sciences (Part I) and Clinical Sciences Examination (Part II) of the Naturopathic Physician Licensing Examination (NPLEX) [...] official report of successful completion of the NPLEX Basic Sciences and Clinical Sciences examinations";
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(click here,
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[in "Chapter 373 - Natureopathy"]
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"section 20-34. Practice defined. (a) The practice of natureopathy means the science, art and practice of healing by natural methods as recognized by the Council of Natureopathic Medical Education and approved by the State Board of Natureopathic Examiners, with the consent of the commissioner [...and includes] the practice of the mechanical and material sciences of healing as follows: the mechanical sciences [...] and the material sciences [...] each applicant shall present to said department satisfactory evidence that he graduated from an approved high school, that he has completed a course of study [...] in a college or scientific school approved by the board with the consent of the commissioner of public health";
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(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
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(click here, 
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[in "Naturopathic Physician Licensing Requirements"]
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"in order to be eligible for licensure, an applicant must have [...] successfully completed both the Basic Sciences (Part I) and Clinical Sciences Examination (Part II) of the Naturopathic Physician Licensing Examination (NPLEX). In certain instances, the Basic Sciences Examination (Part I) may be waived in accordance with NPLEX policy.  For information and eligibility requirements, please contact NPLEX [...] documentation requirements [...] official report of successful completion of the NPLEX Basic Sciences and Clinical Sciences examinations; If the applicant has been granted a waiver of the Basic Sciences examinations as outlined above, please arrange for NPLEX to advise this office of such in writing";
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(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
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[in "CNPA Scope of Practice Request to DPH" (2011-08)]
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"a naturopathic doctor needs to have graduated from an accredited naturopathic medical school, have successfully completed both the Basic Sciences Part I and Clinical Sciences Examination Part 11 of the Naturopathic Physician Licensing Examination NPLEX ";
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(click here,
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[in "Scope of Practice Briefing"]
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"natureopathy [...] the practice of natureopathy means the science, art, and practice of healing by approved natural methods, and shall include: counseling and the practice of mechanical (e.g., articular, manipulation, physiotherapy) and natural sciences (e.g., dietetics, phyototherapy) [...] licensure requirements [...] successfully completed both the Basic Sciences (Part I) and Clinical Sciences Examination (Part II) of the Naturopathic Physician Licensing Examination.  At least 64 weeks in college or scientific school";
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(click here,
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[in "State Board of Natureopathic Examiners Minutes 2000-2006"]
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 "Jennifer Filippone, Public Health Services Manager discussed the natureopathic licensing examination with the Board. Pursuant §20-37 of the Connecticut General Statutes an applicant for licensure must pass an examination prescribed by the Department of Public Health with the advice and consent of the Board. Currently applicants must pass Part II of the Naturopathic Physicians Licensing Examination (NPLEX). The Department requests that passing of Part I of the NPLEX, the Basic Science Examination, also be required of applicants [...] United States School of Naturopathy & Allied Sciences: the Board reviewed a letter the Department of Public Health sent to the United States School of Naturopathy & Allied Sciences advising that graduates of said school are not eligible for licensure in Connecticut because said school is not accredited by the Council on Natureopathic Medical Education [...] Dr. Murphy received an inquiry that a student at the University of Bridgeport has a question regarding the basic science requirements and the state licensure examination. Effective January 1, 2003, the Board in conjunction with the Department of Public Health, requires all applicants pass the basic science and clinical science portions of the Naturopathic Physicians Licensing Examination (NPLEX) [...] applicants. In addition candidates must have passed the basic sciences portion of the national examination [...] Basic Science requirement: Jennifer Filippone, Public Health Services Manager, Department of Public Health discussed the basic science requirement for applicants who have been admitted to a natureopathic education program with advanced standing. Dr. Murphy made a motion, seconded by Dr. Raistrick, that the requirement for completing the basic sciences examination will be waived for licensure applicants who have been admitted with advanced standing to a natureopathic education program. The motion passed unanimously";
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(click here,
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the State of Massachusetts Legislature states:
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[in "Majority Report of the Special Commission on Complementary and Alternative Medical Practitioners: A Report to the Legislature January, 2002"]
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"[the legislature's report tells us] following are the definitions of naturopathic medicine and its scope of practice as supported by the AANP: 'naturopathic medicine is a [...] science [...] naturopathic medicine is distinguished by the principles which underlie and determine its practice. These principles are based upon the objective observation of the nature of health and disease, and are continually reexamined in the light of scientific advances. Methods used are consistent with these principles [...] naturopathic doctors are primary health care practitioners, whose diverse techniques include modern and traditional, scientific and empirical methods (American Association of Naturopathic Physicians)' [...and the legislature tells us] in order to ensure that all naturopathic health care providers possess the same minimum level of skill and competency, the majority of the Commission’s members believe that it is essential to standardize the educational and training process by which they prepare for entry into the field. In particular, Commission members agreed that rigorous training in the basic principles of biological and chemical science which govern human anatomy, physiology and disease processes was essential for proper professional preparation and that the adequacy of such training should not be left to chance. Requiring candidates for licensure to obtain their preprofessional training through uniform, standardized programs of study at educational institutions is the only truly reliable and efficient method of ensuring that each practitioner possesses the knowledge base and practice skills needed for safe practice in the field of naturopathy. Furthermore, oversight of such programs of study by governmentally-recognized accrediting organizations which possess proper levels of expertise in evaluating the quality and adequacy of those programs and their teaching methods is necessary to ensure that the preprofessional education is both sufficient and up to date";
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(click here,
(archived here,
)
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
)
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(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
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the Massachusetts Association of Health Boards states:
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[in “Journal of Local Public Health”{vol. 20 June 2004}]
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“naturopathic medicine […a] science […] modern and traditional, scientific and empirical […] is based upon the objective observation of the nature of health and disease, are continually reexamined in the light of scientific advances”;
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(click here,
http://www.mahb.org/journal/04journal.pdf)
(archived here,
)
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
)
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the State of Hawaii states:
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[in “H.R. NO.128“ (1999)]
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“whereas, naturopathic medicine is based upon traditional healing methods over 5,000 years old and provides scientifically and clinically proven therapeutics based on health building and disease prevention medical strategies”;
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(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
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the State of Kansas states:
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i.
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[in "HsHHS4-1-02"]
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"Mehdi Khosh, testified as a proponent to SB 610, stating naturopathic physicians like allopathic physicians, receive 4 years of post baccalaureate education culminating in a doctoral degree. A licensed naturopathic doctor (N.D.) attends a four-year graduate level naturopathic medical school and is educated in all of the same basic sciences as an M.D. [...] naturopathic doctors attend a four year medical school after obtaining a degree from a recognized college with prerequisites in sciences";
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(click here,
(archived here,
)
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
)
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ii.
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[in "Chapter 65 -- Public Health, Article 72 -- Naturopathic Doctors"]
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"the board shall issue a license as a naturopathic doctor to an individual who [...] passed an examination approved by the board covering appropriate naturopathic subjects including basic and clinical sciences [...] each applicant for licensure under this act shall be examined by a written examination or examinations chosen by the board to test the applicant’s knowledge of the basic and clinical sciences relating to naturopathy";
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(click here,
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iii.
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[in "Kansas State Board of Healing Arts, Kansas Statutes Annotated and Kansas Administrative Regulations Relating to the Practice of Naturopathy, Revised July 2010"]
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"the board shall issue a registration as a naturopathic doctor to an individual who [...] passed an examination approved by the board covering appropriate naturopathic subjects including basic and clinical sciences [x2...] each applicant for registration under this act shall be examined by a written examination or examinations chosen by the board to test the applicant’s knowledge of the basic and clinical sciences relating to naturopathy [x2...] basic sciences, including the following: anatomy; biochemistry; microbiology; pathology; and physiology; and clinical sciences, including the following: emergency medicine and public health; laboratory diagnosis and diagnostic imaging; botanical medicine; clinical nutrition; physical and clinical diagnosis; physical medicine; psychology; counseling; ethics; and homeopathy [...] an activity occurring in a 'non-supervised setting' shall mean any of the following [...] presenting a scientific paper to an audience of health professionals, or publishing a scientific paper in a medical or naturopathic journal";
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(click here,
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iv.
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[in "K.A.R. 100-72-7"]
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"an activity occurring in a 'non-supervised setting' shall mean any of the following [...] presenting a scientific paper to an audience of health professionals, or publishing a scientific paper in a medical or naturopathic journal";
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(click here,
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v.
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[in "Article 72"]
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"each applicant for registration by examination as a naturopathic doctor shall submit proof of having passed a nationally administered, standardized examination [...] from the following content areas: basic sciences, including the following: anatomy; biochemistry; microbiology; pathology; and physiology; clinical sciences, including the following: emergency medicine and public health; laboratory diagnosis and diagnostic imaging; botanical medicine; clinical nutrition; physical and clinical diagnosis; physical medicine; psychology; counseling; ethics; and homeopathy [...] an activity occurring in a 'non-supervised setting' shall mean any of the following [...] presenting a scientific paper to an audience of health professionals, or publishing a scientific paper in a medical or naturopathic journal";
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(click here,
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vi.
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[in "Statutory History of the Kansas State Board of Healing Arts 1957 to 2007"]
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"in 1957, the Legislature created a separate Board of Basic Science Examiners [...] the basic sciences (anatomy, physiology, chemistry, bacteriology and pathology) [...] passage of the basic science examination by applicants for a license [...] 1965: the Legislature combined the fee funds of the Board and the Board of Basic Science Examiners [...] 1969 [...] the Board of Basic Science Examiners was abolished and the requirement for the passage of the basic science examination as a condition of licensure was deleted [...] 1985 [...] the statute regarding temporary permits for full-time approved postgraduate training programs was amended to require applicants to have the basic science examination, either National Boards I and II or Flex I, prior to entering a postgraduate training program [...] 2002 [...] the Naturopathic Doctor registration was enacted in 2002 and became effective January 1, 2003 [...] located at K.S.A. 65-7201 through 65-7218. In addition to registering qualified naturopaths, the law established a Naturopathic Advisory Council [...] in addition, the laws created a Naturopathic Formulary Committee";
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(click here,
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the State of New Mexico states:
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i.
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[in "Agency Bill Analysis"]
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“naturopathic medicine is defined by the American Association of Naturopathic Physicians [...] naturopathic medicine is distinguished by the principles which underlie and determine its practice. These principles are based upon the objective observation of the nature of health and disease, and are continually reexamined in the light of scientific advances. Methods used are consistent with these principles”;
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(click here,
(archived here,
)
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
)
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ii.
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[in "Naturopathic Medicine Practice Act"{2005}]
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"NMHPC cites that: 'naturopathic medicine' is defined by the American Association of Naturopathic Physicians as: a distinct system of primary health care - an art, science, philosophy and practice of diagnosis, treatment and prevention of illness. The commission asserts that naturopathic medicine is distinguished by the principles which underlie and determine its practice and that these principles are based upon the objective observation of the nature of health and disease, and are continually reexamined in the light of scientific advances";
.
(click here,
(archived here,
)
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
)
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the State of Oregon Board of Naturopathic Examiners states:
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[in "Philosophy"]
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"the practice of naturopathic medicine emerges from six underlying principles of healing. These principles are based on the objective observation of the nature of health and disease, and are continually reexamined in light of scientific analysis";
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(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
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[defunct](for a youtube.com slideshow of this, click here,
(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
.
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[in "Naturopathy"]
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"naturopathic physicians (N.D.) are primary care practitioners trained as specialist in natural medicine. They are educated in conventional medical sciences [...] the practice of naturopathic medicine emerges from six underlying principles of healing. These principles are based on the objective observation of the nature of health and disease, and are continually reexamined in light of scientific analysis [...] a growing body of scientific knowledge validates the naturopathic approach to diet and nutrition [...] scientific research in Europe and Asia is demonstrating [etc.]";
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[oregon.gov](click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
.
[defunct](for a youtube.com slideshow of this, click here,
(for a digg.com social bookmark of this, click here,
.
[obne.state.or.us](click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
(for a digg.com social bookmark of this {2007 page}, click here,
.
[oregonjobs.org](click here,
(archived here,
)
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
.
iii.
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[in "Alternative Health Care Can be Good for What Ails You"]
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"naturopathic physicians (ND's) are primary care practitioners trained as specialists in natural medicine and licensed by the State Board of Naturopathic Examiners. Currently, naturopaths are licensed to practice in 13 states. The Alliance for the State Licensing of Naturopathic physicians is promoting licensure in the remaining states. According to the board, naturopaths are educated in conventional medical sciences";
.
(click here,
http://www.qualityinfo.org/olmisj/ArticleReader?itemid=00005800)[rb]
(archived here,
)
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
)
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iv.
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[in "Common Questions -- Naturopathic Physicians: License Questions"(2008-)]
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"you can also request NABNE send scores from your NPLEX basic science and clinical science exams [...] you can also request NABNE send scores from your NPLEX basic science and clinical science exam";
.
(click here,
(archived here,
)
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
.
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the State of Oregon Board of Naturopathic Medicine states:
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[in "Naturopathy"]
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"naturopathic Physicians (N.D.) [...] are educated in conventional medical sciences [...] the practice of naturopathic medicine emerges from six underlying principles of healing. These principles are based on the objective observation of the nature of health and disease, and are continually reexamined in light of scientific analysis [...] a growing body of scientific knowledge validates the naturopathic approach to diet and nutrition [...] scientific research in Europe and Asia [etc.]";
.
(click here,
(archived here,
)
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
)
.
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[in "License Questions"]
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"you can also request NABNE send scores from your NPLEX Basic Science and Clinical Science exams";
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(click here,
(click here,
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[in "Application for Examination"]
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"basic science scores are not automatically sent with clinical exam scores and must be requested separately";
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(click here,
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[in "OBNM Newsletter" (2010 Summer), "OBNM Review" (2010 Fall)]
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"meet your board members [...] Michelle Homer, ND — Member since 2007, Dr. Homer practices pediatrics at her private practice in Southern Oregon. She also teaches college level science courses such as anatomy, physiology, and pathology";
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(click here,
(click here,
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[in "OBNE Newsletter"(2008 Summer-Fall]
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"I dedicate myself to the service of humanity as a practitioner of the art and science of naturopathic medicine";
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(click here,
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[in "Oregon Formulary & Jurisprudence Exams"]
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"please note that the Formulary and Jurisprudence State Exams are in addition to and separate from the NPLEX Basic Science (Part I) and Clinical Science (Part II) examinations";
.
(click here,
.
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[in "OREGON REVISED STATUTE Chapter 685 — Naturopaths 2009 EDITION"]
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"this chapter does not apply to any [...] Christian Scientist or other person who by religious or spiritual means endeavors to prevent or cure disease or suffering in accord with the tenets of any church [...] minimum educational requirements for license, rules [...] at least two years’ satisfactory liberal arts and sciences study [...] the areas of study required of an applicant for a license to practice naturopathic medicine in this state include basic sciences, clinical sciences and any naturopathic subjects specified by the Oregon Board of Naturopathic Medicine [...] provide evidence satisfactory to the Oregon Board of Naturopathic Medicine of having successfully passed the basic science and the core clinical science examinations [...] the board may waive the basic science examination requirement for licensure for an applicant who is qualified in basic science as a result of successful performance on an examination [...] if an applicant fails to pass either the basic science or core clinical science section of the examination [...] if, after three attempts, the applicant has not passed the basic science or core clinical science section of the examination, the applicant shall be required to wait one year to retake the section [...] two additional members appointed by the council who hold an advanced degree in a medical or pharmaceutical science";
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(click here,
.
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[in "Licensee Detail"]
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"MARTIN, JULIE E, ND [...] National University of Health Sciences";
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(click here,
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[in "Naturopathic Docs"]
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"Naturopathic Physicians (N.D.) are primary care practitioners trained as specialist in natural medicine.  They are educated in conventional medical sciences";
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(click here,
.
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[in "Agency Case No. N07-12-17 [...] Shandor Weiss, ND"]
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"licensee did not use conventional, scientific or otherwise established methods [...] there is no objective scientific evidence of a link between high blood pressure and electromagnetic fields";
.
(click here,
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the State of Vermont:
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a. Department of Health states:
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[in "Vermont Arthritis Resource Guide 2005"]
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"naturopathic physicians cooperate with all other branches of medical science [p.009]";
.
(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
(also click here,
(archived here,
)
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
.
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b) Secretary of State states:
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[in "Vermont Secretary of State -- Office of Professional Regulation: Naturopathic Physician Application"(2004-)]
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"completed application must include [...] proof of passing both the basic science and the clinical components of the Naturopathic Physicians Licensing Exam (NPLEX) [...] both the basic science and clinical components";
.
(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
.
.
the State of Washington states:
.
.
[in "Naturopathic Physician License Application Packet"]
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"an applicant must pass each of the following examinations with a score of 75 before license will be granted: 1. Naturopathic Physicians Licensing Examinations (NPLEX): Part I Basic Science Examination, Part II Clinical Science Examination [...] verification of passing the NPLEX basic science examinations, clinical science examinations and add-on examinations of minor surgery sent directly from NPLEX [...] all NPLEX Basic and Clinical Science examinations are required for Washington State Naturopathy license including the minor surgery addon";
.
(click here,
.
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[in "Chapter 18.36A RCW: Naturopathy"]
.
"naturopathic medicine is the practice by naturopaths of the art and science of the diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of disorders of the body by stimulation or support, or both, of the natural processes of the human body";
.
(click here,

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the State of Washington's King County '.gov' states:
.
.
[in "County Council Declares May 16 as Bastyr Day" (2012-05-14)]
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"'Bastyr is the largest university for natural health arts and sciences in the United States and I am proud it is part of the district I represent,' said Council member Bob Ferguson [...] Dr. John Bastyr was a pioneer and promoter of the field of science-based natural medicine [...] Bastyr University, located in Kenmore, is an accredited institution internationally recognized as a leading institution of science-based natural medicine. Bastyr is the largest university for natural health arts and sciences in the United States [...] Bastyr University continues to be the leading academic center for advancing and integrating knowledge in the natural health arts and sciences through the education of future leaders and an integrated approach to education, research, and clinical services";
.
(click here,
.
.
A2. Australia - States proper:
.
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the State of Victoria's Department of Human Services states:
.
[in "LaTrobe University, School of Public Health: The Practice and Regulatory Requirements of
Naturopathy and Western Herbal Medicine"(2005)]
.
"CAM systems generally hold medicine to be a science of the human person [...] major CAM systems include naturopathy, Western herbal medicine (WHM), Chinese medicine, ayurveda and homeopathy [...] there is increased scientific and regulatory interest in CAM around the world [...] for naturopathy, science content ranged from 300 hours to 1275 hours [...] the term ‘naturopathy’ was coined in the United States in about 1895 (Pizzorno &
Snider 2001) [...] the American Association of Naturopathic Physicians (1989) formulated the following description of naturopathic medicine, principles, and practitioners: 'naturopathic medicine is a [...] science [...] naturopathic medicine is distinguished by the principles which underlie and determine its practice. These principles are based upon the objective observation of the nature of health and disease, and are continually re-examined in the light of scientific advances [...] naturopathic physicians are primary health care practitioners, whose diverse techniques include modern and traditional,
scientific and empirical methods";
.
(click here,
http://www.health.vic.gov.au/pracreg/naturopathy-final1106.pdf)
(archived here,
)
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
)
.
.
B. AANP state org.s:
.
.
the Alaska Association of Naturopathic Physicians states:
.
i.
.
[in "We're Through Senate HHS and on to Labor and Commerce"(2009-03-30)]
.
"I paste here an SCNM document kindly provided by AANP President Dr. Lise Alschuler, which details standard of care as taught to ND students at SCNM [...] naturopathic doctors (NDs) [...] practice is based on the same basic bio-medical science foundation that allopathic practice is [...] the naturopathic medical profession endeavors to avoid unnecessary judgment of new methods and theories but rather to review them critically, embracing those which stand the test of time and scientific scrutiny"; 
[there are 9 instances of "profess" on this page] 
.
(click here, 
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ii.
.
[in "Standards of Care"]
.
"naturopathic doctors (NDs) are primary care physicians clinically trained in natural therapeutics and whose philosophy is derived in part from a Hippocratic teaching more than 2000 years old: vis medicatrix naturae -- nature is the healer of all diseases. Their practice is based on the same basic bio-medical science foundation that allopathic practice [...] the naturopathic medical profession endeavors to avoid unnecessary judgement of new methods and theories but rather to review them critically, embracing those which stand the test of time and scientific scrutiny";
.
(click here,

iii.
.
[in "Take Back Your Health"(2011 Winter]
.
"naturopathic medical students attend federally accredited five-year programs (at least 4100 hours) of doctoral level training, both didactic and clinical. To receive a license to practice naturopathic medicine in Alaska, the candidate must graduate from a federally accredited program and pass rigorous national licensing exams (NPLEX) consisting of five basic science and 14 clinical science segments";
.
(click here,
.
iv.
.
[in "Health Care is Changing"]
.
"modern medicine calls for doctors who know their science yet honor the body’s innate wisdom to heal [...] naturopathic physicians have taken the lead on writing the texts on integrating the best scientifically validated complementary and alternative therapies along with conventional medicine";
.
(click here,
.
v.
.
[in "About Us"]
.
"Jana Nalbandian, ND AKANP President [...] while at Bastyr, Dr. Nalbandian was the Department Chair of Clinical Sciences";
.
(click here,
.
vi.
.
[in "AKANP White Paper: Comparison of Naturopathic and Major Medical Schools: Assuring Safe Naturopathic Medical Practices for Alaskans, Appendix E: Comparison of Naturopathic and Major Medical Schools"]
.
"basic and clinical sciences [...] National, Bastyr, Southwest, John Hopkins, Yale, Stanford [...respectively] 1548, 1639, 1419, 1771, 1420, 1383";
.
(click here,
.
.
the Arizona Naturopathic Medical Association:
.
[no title]
.
speaks of naturopathy’s “scientific validation [...] it is difficult to find another disciple which has successfully withstood as much scientific scrutiny as naturopathic medicine has [...and mentions] students are taught how to interpret peer-reviewed scientific literature [...are taught] clinical and basic sciences [...within] a comprehensive foundation in the biological and biomedical sciences [...and the profession’s] adherence to building [...naturopathic] curriculum on a solid foundation of science and scientific understanding [...per] scientific basis [...per] scientific references [...per] scientific background [...that] naturopathic treatment methods are supported by conventional science";
.
(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
.
.
the [defunct] California Association of Naturopathic Physicians states:
.
[for the California Association of Naturopathic Physicians http://www.canp.org archive, click here,
.
i.
.
[in "Naturopathic Medicine - The Basics"]
.
"naturopathic doctors are trained at accredited, four-year, post-graduate, residential naturopathic medical programs. The training consists of comprehensive study of the conventional medical sciences [...] in the United States, the naturopathic medical profession's infrastructure includes accredited educational institutions, professional licensing, national standards of practice, peer review, and a commitment to state-of-the-art scientific research";
.
(click here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
.
ii.
.
[in "President of California Senate Introduces Measure to Expand Consumer Access to Naturopathic Medicine"]
.
"naturopathic medicine is a patient-centered approach to healthcare that focuses on science-based lifestyle, nutritional, and botanical therapies. The four years of naturopathic medical education include basic medical sciences";
.
(click here,
http://www.healthy.net/scr/Article.asp?Id=2274)[vsc 2010-12-28]
(archived here,
)
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
)
.
iii.
.
[in "Naturopathic Physicians Urge Recognition in State of California:Healthcare for Low-Income Urban and Rural Children Would Benefit"]
.
"naturopathic physicians [...] study basic sciences for the first two years";
.
(click here,
(archived here,
http://web.archive.org/web/20010208201234/http://canp.org/RURALprsrel.html)[vsc 2010-12-29]
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
.
.
the California Naturopathic Doctors Association states:
.
[for the archive.org history of the California Naturopathic Doctors Association http://www.calnd.org, click here, 

.
[in "Intravenous Therapy Consent" (2015)]
.
"I fully understand and confirm that the nature and purpose of the aforementioned treatment to be provided may be considered unproven by scientific testing and peer-reviewed publications and therefore may be considered medically unnecessary or not currently indicated";
.
(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
)
.
. 
[in "California Naturopathic Doctors Association February 2013 Update" (2015)]
.
"each submission will be evaluated for its scientific content, clinical relevance, and specific needs of the AANP's educational program";
.
(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
)
.
.
[in "Ameded and Restated Bylaws of The California Naturopathic Doctors Association" (2015)]
.
"educational or scientific purposes";
.
(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
)
.
.
[in "Guidelines for Prescribing Controlled Substances for Pain" (2015)]
.
"to strengthen the clarity and scientific rigor of the questions";
.
(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
)
.
.
[in "About" (2015)]
.
"Dr. Deborah Gleisner, ND [...] she is a strong proponent of hydrotherapy, and employs science-based and evidence-based therapies";
.
(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
.
.
[in "The Benefits of Increasing Consumer Access to Naturopathic Doctors" (2014)]
. 
"required to pass National Licensing Exam [...] NPLEX [...that includes] basic sciences and clinical boards";
.
(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
.
.
[in "Naturopathic Medical Education Comparative Curricula" (2014)]
.
"basic and clinical sciences: anatomy, cell biology, physiology, histology, pathology, biochemistry, pharmacology, lab diagnosis, neurosciences, clinical physical diagnosis, genetics, pharmacognosy, bio-statistics, epidemiology, public health, history and philosophy, ethics, and other coursework [NCNM] 1548 hours [Bastyr] 1639 hours";
.
(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
.
.
[in "Insurance" (2014)]
.
"naturopathic doctors [...] complete four years of doctoral-level training, including two years of biomedical sciences and two years of clinical sciences and rotations";
.
(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
.
.
[in "Corporate Partners" (2013)]
.
"Bastyr University is a nonprofit, private university offering graduate and undergraduate degrees, with a multidisciplinary curriculum in science-based natural medicine [...] Bastyr's international faculty teaches the natural health sciences with an emphasis on integrating mind, body, spirit and nature";
.
(click here,
(archived here,
https://web.archive.org/web/20131231005137/http://www.calnd.org/corporatepartners)
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
.
.
[in "Merging Medicine XIV Conference: Environmental Medicine and Oncology in Primary Practice" (2013)]
.
"Dr. Joseph Pizzorno is a world leading authority on science-based natural medicine, a term he coined in 1978. He is founding president of Bastyr University, Editor-in-Chief of Integrative Medicine, A Clinician’s Journal, Vice-chair of the Board of IFM, co-founder and Treasurer of the Board of AANP, and Chair of Science Board of Bioclinic Naturals [...] Dr. Jaclyn Chasse  [...] as co-authored several scientific journal articles";
.
(click here,
.
.
[in "Naturopathic Medicine - The Basics" (2013)]
.
"naturopathic doctors are trained at accredited, four-year, post-graduate, residential naturopathic medical programs. The training consists of comprehensive study of the conventional medical sciences [...] in the United States, the naturopathic medical profession's infrastructure includes accredited educational institutions, professional licensing, national standards of practice, peer review, and a commitment to state-of-the-art scientific research";
(click here,
(archived here,
)
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
)
.
.
[in "Frequently Asked Questions" (2011)]
.
"as with all physicians today, naturopathic doctors are trained at accredited, four to five-year, post-graduate, medical institutions. The training consists of a comprehensive study of the conventional medical sciences";
(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
.
.
[in 'homepage' (2010)]
.
"NDs are trained in the same medical sciences as MDs";
.
(click here,
http://www.calnd.org/)[vsc 2010-12-28]
.
.
[in "Southwest College of Naturopathic Medicine" (2010)]
.
"their faculty's commitment to the art and science of healing has made SCNM a leader among the naturopathic medical schools";
.
(click here,
.
.
[in "About the CDNA" (2010)]
.
"Deborah Gleisner practices as a naturopathic doctor and certified professional midwife in Los Angeles [...] she is a strong proponent of hydrotherapy, and employs science-based and evidence-based therapies";
.
(click here,
.
.
[in "Bastyr University" (2010)]
.
"Bastyr University, located north of Seattle, Washington, is one of the world's leading academic centers for advancing knowledge in the natural health sciences";
.
(click here,
.
.
[in “Resource Links” (2007)]
.
Bastyr University, located north of Seattle, Washington, is one of the world's leading academic centers for advancing knowledge in the natural health sciences. A twenty-five-year pioneer in natural medicine, Bastyr continues to be in the forefront of developing the model for 21st century medicine […] Southwest College of Naturopathic Medicine […] located in sunny Arizona, SCNM prepares students to become naturopathic physicians trained and educated in the principles of naturopathic medicine. We promote learning through educational innovation, medical integration, and research and clinical collaboration. Their faculty's commitment to the art and science of healing has made SCNM a leader among the naturopathic medical schools”;
.
(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
.
.
the Colorado Association of Naturopathic Doctors states:
.
[in "What is Naturopathic Medicine?"]
.
“naturopathic doctors are trained in modern science [...] plants and plant extracts [...are used per] traditional and modern scientific principles [...] Lust [...] combined the study of modern medical science with the study of natural therapies and philosophy [...] the CNME requires four years of graduate level study in medical sciences and naturopathic therapeutics [...] a chiropractic college added a naturopathic program and although already regionally accredited is seeking recognition and approval of their program from the CNME: National University of Health Sciences";
.
(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
.
.
[in "What is Naturopathic Medicine?"]
.
"naturopathic doctors cooperate with all other branches of medical science”;
.
(archived here,
.
.
[in "Training and Education of Naturopathic Doctors"]
.
"naturopathic doctors [...] training consists of comprehensive study of the conventional medical sciences [...and schools for an ND include] National University of Health Sciences";
.
(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
.
.
[in "About the Association"]
.
"naturopathic doctors integrate scientific knowledge and standards with the healing power and wisdom of nature [vitalism!]";
.
(click here,
.
.
[in "About The Colorado Association of Naturopathic Doctors"]
.
"naturopathic doctors integrate scientific knowledge and standards with the healing power and wisdom of nature [vitalism!]";
.
(click here,
.
.
[in "Regulation of a Medical Profession Protects the Public and Ensures the Quality of Care Provided"]
.
"naturopathic doctors have been educated at in-resident four-year programs [...] students are trained in basic sciences and clinical practice and tested in skills and competence. This tradition of thorough education and training dates back to the first naturopaths that Benedict Lust trained a century ago";
.
(click here,
(also here,
.
.
[in "Naturopathic Medicine"]
.
"naturopathic doctors cooperate with all other branches of medical science [...and they mention] modern scientific principles";
.
(click here,
(archived here,
)
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
.
.
a.
.
[in "About Naturopathic Medicine"(2009-2012)]
.
"naturopathic doctors cooperate with all other branches of medical science [...and mentions] modern scientific principles";
.
(click here,
http://www.coloradond.org/natmed.htm)[vsc 2010-04-30, 2012-02-12]
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
.
(click here,
(archived here,
)
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
.
b.
.
[in "About Naturopathic Medicine"(2013-]
.
"naturopathic doctors cooperate with all other branches of medical science";
.
(click here,
.
(click here,
.
.
[in "Take Back Your Health: Fall 2010 Legislative Update"]
.
"there is a growing body of scientific data that supports the use of natural therapies [...] naturopathic doctors (NDs) [...] study the same basic sciences as primary care medical doctors";
.
(click here,
.
. 
[in "Resources"]
.
"[include] National University of Health Sciences";
.
(click here,
.
(click here,
.
.
the Connecticut Naturopathic Physicians Association states:
.
.
[in "Brady UB Statement on Current Law" (2015)]
.
"Division of Health Sciences David M. Brady, ND, DC, CCN, DACBN Vice Provost, Health Sciences [...] David M. Brady, ND, DC, CCN, DACBNVice Provost, Health Sciences Director, Human Nutrition Institute Associate Professor of Clinical Sciences University of Bridgeport";
.
(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
)
.
.
[in "Legislative Meeting Sunday Jan. 18th 11-1pm" (2015)]
.
"David M. Brady, ND (UB-Vice Provost-Health Sciences)";
.
(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
)
.
[in "University of Bridgeport Naturopathic Medicine Clinic" (2015)]
.
"60 Lafayette Street Bridgeport, CT 06604 Phone: (203) 576-4349 Web: www.bridgeport.edu/academics/health-sciences-programs/ub-clinics/naturopathic-medicine-clinic/";
.
(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
)
.
.
[in "Fairfield County Naturopaths" (2015)]
.
"David M.Brady,ND,CCN Whole Body Medicine 5520 Park Avenue Suite 301 Trumbull , CT 06611 Phone: (203) 371-8258 Website: http://www.drdavidbrady.com/ Email: info@wholebodymed.com Dr. Brady is a licensed Naturopathic Physician and Clinical Nutritionist, He is the vice provost of the Division of Health Sciences, director of the Human Nutrition Institute";
.
(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
.
.
[in "David M. Brady, ND, CCN" (2015)]
.
"Dr. Brady is a licensed Naturopathic Physician and Clinical Nutritionist, He is the vice provost of the Division of Health Sciences, director of the Human Nutrition Institute, and associate professor of clinical sciences at the University of Bridgeport in Connecticut";
.
(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
)
.
.
[in "Naturopathic Practice Act Modernization 2015" (2015)]
.
"the four year post-graduate ND education includes a curriculum with the same biomedical sciences as allopathic physician education for medical doctors (MDs). In fact, the UBCNM program actually requires more hours of basic and clinical science than many top medical schools [...] David M. Brady, ND, DC, CCN, DACBN Vice Provost Health Sciences University of Bridgeport";
.
(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
.
.
[in "Michael Gazsi, ND [NCNM]" (2014)]
.
"naturopathic physicians [...] practice is based on the same, basic, bio-medical science foundation that allopathic medicine is";
.
(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
.
.
[in "Executive Summary Naturopathy Practice Act Modernization 2014" (2014)]
.
"the four year post-graduate ND education includes a curriculum with the same biomedical sciences as allopathic physician education for medical doctors (MDs) [...] the UBCNM program actually requires more hours of basic and clinical science than many top medical schools";
.
(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
.
.
[in "Assistant Professor of Clinical Sciences Position Available" (2014)]
.
"assistant professor of clinical sciences [...] the University of Bridgeport College of Naturopathic Medicine invites applications for a full-time tenure track faculty position at the initial rank of assistant professor";
.
(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
.
.
the Florida AANP states:
.
.
[in "Naturopathic Medicine -- The Profession Today" (2004)]
.
“naturopathic medicine is a distinct system of primary health care - an art, science, philosophy and practice of diagnosis, treatment and prevention of illness. Naturopathic medicine is distinguished by the principles that underlie and determine its practice. These principles are based upon the objective observation of the nature of health and disease, and are continually reexamined in the light of scientific advances”;
.
(click here {click 'naturopathic medicine' in sidebar},
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
.
.
the Florida Naturopathic Physician's Association states:
.
[for their Facebook page, click here,
.
.
[in "Naturopathic Education" (2015)]
.
"after completion of standard premedical undergraduate coursework, a naturopathic physician (N.D.) attends a four-year graduate level naturopathic medical school and is educated in all of the same basic sciences as an M.D. [...] Bastyr University offers a rigorous, naturopathic medical program emphasizing both the science base of medicine and its clinical application [...] their faculty's commitment to the art and science of healing has made SCNM a leader among the naturopathic medical schools [...] National's N.D. program provides you with a rigorous curriculum that blends thorough scientific foundation with comprehensive training in naturopathic treatments. As a student in the naturopathic physician program at National, you will study the same basic sciences as an M.D.";
.
(click here,
https://web.archive.org/web/20150618155950/http://www.fnpa.org/nd-education/)
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
.
(click here,
.
.
[in "FNPA Membership Application 2010" (2014)]
.
"as per the FNPA by-laws, article III; the mission of the Florida Naturopathic Physicians Association, Inc., is [...] to advance, promote and protect the science of naturopathic medicine and the naturopathic medical profession, and to evaluate the standards of naturopathic medical knowledge and practice in the state of Florida";
.
(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
.
(click here,
(click here,
.
.
[in "Naturopathic Medicine: The Profession Today"]
.
"naturopathic medicine is a distinct system of primary health care - an art, science, philosophy and practice of diagnosis, treatment and prevention of illness. Naturopathic medicine is distinguished by the principles that underlie and determine its practice. These principles are based upon the objective observation of the nature of health and disease, and are continually reexamined in the light of scientific advances";
.
(click here,
http://www.tcmoffice.com/fnpa/naturopathic_medicine_1.htm)
(archived here,
)
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
)
.
.
[in "About FNPA"]
.
"to advance, promote and protect the science of naturopathic medicine and the naturopathic medical profession";
.
(click here,
.
.
the Georgia Association of Naturopathic Physicians states:
.
. 
[in "About GANP"]
.
"the linked pictures below are the six institutions in North America that are accredited by the Association of Accredited Naturopathic Medical Colleges [...including] National University of Health Sciences";
.
(click here,
.
. 
[in 'homepage']
.
"our mission is to promote the philosophy, art, science, and practice of naturopathic medicine";
.
(click here,
http://www.ganp.org/)[vsc 2013-02-05]
.
.
Hawaii Society of Naturopathic Physicians states:
.
.
[in "Training"]
.
"a Licensed naturopathic physician (N.D.) attends a four-year graduate level naturopathic medical school and is educated in all of the same basic sciences as an M.D. [...] ND's [punct., 'NDs'] are trained in medical sciences";
.
(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
.
.
[in "Dr. Carrie Brennan"]
.
"Integrative Medicine, LLC offers you the highest standards of care. The various modalities used for your health needs are based on solid research and science, reaching levels that may be poorly or never properly addressed by 'Western Medicine'";
.
(click here,
.
.
[in "Biomedical Treatments for Autism Spectrum Disorders and ADHD"]
.
"[via ND Taketa] the biomedical approach is a science-based approach";
.
(click here,
.
.
the Idaho Chapter of the American Association of Naturopathic Physicians states:
.
.
[in "What Is Naturopathic Medicine?" (2012)]
.
"firmly science-based, modern naturopathic medicine also preserves the centuries-old wisdom of successful natural therapies";
(click here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
.
.
[in "Application for Membership" (2012)]
.
"IDAANP promotes the philosophy, art, science and clinical practice of naturopathic healthcare";
.
(click here,
.
.
[in "Education and Training" (2012)]
.
"a licensed naturopathic physician (N.D. or N.M.D.) attends a four-year graduate level naturopathic medical school and is educated in all of the same basic sciences as an M.D. [...] member schools [...include] National University of Health Sciences (Lombard, IL)";
.
(click here,
.
.
[in "History" (2012)]
.
"naturopathic medicine, sometimes called 'naturopathy,' is as old as healing itself and as new as the latest discoveries in biochemical sciences [...] the naturopathic medical profession’s infrastructure [...has] an ongoing commitment to state-of-the-art scientific research [...] but the rise of 'scientific medicine' [...] there are two institutions that have candidacy for accreditation status: National University of Health Sciences, Lombard, Illinois";
.
(click here,
.
.
the Illinois Association of Naturopathic Physicians states:
.
[for their Facebook page, click here, https://www.facebook.com/IllinoisND]
.
.
[in "Samantha Hoang, ND, FABNO" (2015)]
.
"Dr. Hoang earned a doctorate degree in naturopathic medicine from National University of Health Sciences in Lombard, Illinois";
.
.
.
[in "2nd Annual ILANP Conference" (2015)]
.
"October 11 - 12, 2014 National University of Health Sciences Lombard, IL [...] the conference will be held at the National University of Health Sciences in Lombard, IL [...] National University of Health Sciences 200 E. Roosevelt, Lombard, IL 60148 [...] we are thrilled to be returning to the National University of Health Sciences for our 2nd year [...] NUHS is the nation's premier institution for health science education";
.
.
.
[in "Eliot Edwards, ND, FABNO Cancer Treatment Centers of America" (2015)]
.
"he was also a Clinical Instructor for the Naturopathic Medicine Program at National University of Health Science from January 2012 until August of 2012";
.
.
.
[in "Advocacy" (2015)]
.
"by establishing licensure for naturopathic physicians, patients will be allowed access to effective, science-based natural healing therapies employed by highly trained professionals";
.
.
.
[in "Nyarai Paweni, ND, MSM" (2015)]
.
"Dr. Nyarai recently received her Doctorate in Naturopathic Medicine from National University of Health Science (NUHS), Lombard, IL.";
.
.
.
[in "2015 ILANP Conference" (2015)]
.
"Venue: National University of Health Sciences 200 E. Roosevelt Lombard, IL 60148";
.
.
.
[in "Alison Egeland, ND" (2015)]
.
"Dr. Alison Egeland obtained her Doctorate of Naturopathic Medicine at National University of Health Sciences in Lombard, IL";
.
.
.
[in "Education" (2015)]
.
"naturopathic physicians hold a doctorate in naturopathic medicine from a four-year, graduate-level, federally recognized and accredited naturopathic medical school. These schools train physician-level practitioners in diagnosis and scientifically based treatment with emphasis on natural therapies [...] National University of Health Sciences: Lombard, IL";
.
.
.
[in "Associate Member Membership" (2015)]
.
"National University of Health Sciences";
.
.
.
[in "Naturopathic Physicians At A Glance" (2015)]
.
"National University of Health Sciences located in Lombard, Illinois is one of only 5 schools in that offer doctorate of naturopathic medicine degrees in the US";
.
.
.
[in "Frequently Asked Questions About Naturopathic Medicine" (2015)]
.
"naturopathic medicine is a system of comprehensive, general health care based upon naturopathic philosophy, scientific evidence and clinical theory [...] the curriculum of these schools is similar to conventional medical schools in terms of basic sciences and clinical courses. Clinical studies concentrate on conventional diagnostic studies, scientifically-based natural therapeutics, as well as supervised clinical training";
.
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
.
.
[in "Support Our Work" (2015)]
.
"we need to ensure that graduates from the National University of Health Sciences, the only accredited naturopathic medical program in the Midwest, can stay in the state to start their practice";
.
.
.
[in "Naturopathic Medical Education" (2015)]
.
"the first 2 years of naturopathic medical education focus on basic and diagnostic sciences including anatomy, physiology, biochemistry, histology, pathology, embryology, neuroscience, immunology, pharmacology, physical and clinical diagnosis, and lab diagnosis. The final 2 years of naturopathic medical education focus on clinical sciences and practicum [...] they offer the world a healing paradigm founded on a rational balance of tradition, science and respect for nature [...] board examinations take place after the second year (basic science) and final year (clinical science) of naturopathic medical school [...] National University of Health Sciences: Lombard, IL";
.
.
.
[in "What is Naturopathic Medicine?" (2006)]
.
"naturopathic medicine is a scientifically proven and tested system of successful health care [...] naturopathic medicine is distinguished by the principles which underlie and determine its practice. These principles are based upon the objective observation of the nature of health and disease, and are continually reexamined in the light of scientific advances";
.
(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
.
.
[in "Naturopathic Medicine: Practice" (2006)]
.
"as professional leaders and pioneers in science-based natural medicine, naturopathic physicians";
.
(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
.
.
[in "Education" (2008)]
.
"after completion of standard premedical undergraduate coursework, a naturopathic physician (N.D.) attends a four-year graduate level naturopathic medical school and is educated in all of the same basic sciences as an M.D. [...] Bastyr University, Kenmore, Wash. Bastyr University offers a rigorous, naturopathic medical program emphasizing both the science base of medicine and its clinical application [...] Southwest College of Naturopathic Medicine and Health Sciences (SCNM) [...] their faculty's commitment to the art and science of healing has made SCNM a leader among the naturopathic medical schools [...] National University of Health Sciences, Lombard IL - National’s N.D. program provides you with a rigorous curriculum that blends thorough scientific foundation with comprehensive training in naturopathic treatments [...] as a student in the naturopathic physician program at National, you will study the same basic sciences as an M.D.";
.
(click here,
.
.
[in "Frequently Asked Questions" (2007)]
.
"naturopathic medicine is a [...] science [...] naturopathic doctors are doctors who specialize in science-based natural medicine [...] naturopathic doctors complete a doctorate of naturopathic medicine (ND) earned from a four-year, graduate level, federally and regionally accredited naturopathic medical school. The curriculum of these schools is similar to conventional medical school in terms of basic sciences and clinical courses. Clinical studies concentrate on conventional diagnostic studies, scientifically-based natural therapeutics, as well as supervised clinical training";
.
(click here,
.
.
[in "Natural Health" (2008-Spring)]
.
"Kristina Conner, ND. Instructor a National University of Health Sciences [...] 'On Naturopathic Education' with Fraser Smith ND, Assistant Dean of Naturopathic Medicine at NUHS and ILANP President [...] how are naturopathic physicians trained? First, a student must obtain an undergraduate degree, including science pre-requisites [...] curriculum includes basic medical science [...] naturopathic physicians complete comprehensive board examinations (Naturopathic Physicians Licensing Exam, or NPLEX) in basic and clinical sciences to obtain a license in jurisdictions that offer it";
.
(click here,
.
.
[in "About the Illinois Association of Naturopathic Physicians" (2012)]
.
"naturopathic physicians hold a doctorate in naturopathic medicine from a four-year,
gradute-level [sp., graduate], federally recognized and accredited naturopathic medical school. These schools train physician-level practitioners in diagnosis and scientifically based treatment with emphasis on natural therapies";
.
(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
.
.
[in "Our Quest For Licensure" (2011)]
.
"by establishing licensure for naturopathic physicians, patients will be allowed access to effective, science-based natural healing therapies employed by highly trained professionals";
.
(click here,
http://www.ilanp.org/licensure.html)[vsc 2010-10-04, 2013-02-01]
(archived here,
http://web.archive.org/web/20110412050617/http://www.ilanp.org/licensure.html)[vsc 2013-02-01]
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
http://web.archive.org/web/*/http://www.ilanp.org/licensure.html)
.
.
[in "Find A School" (2013)]
.
"Bastyr University offers a rigorous, naturopathic medical program emphasizing both the science base of medicine and its clinical application [...] National University of Health Sciences, Lombard, IL: National’s N.D. program provides you with a rigorous curriculum that blends thorough scientific foundation with comprehensive training in naturopathic treatments. As a student in the naturopathic physician program at National, you will study the same basic sciences as an M.D. [...] their faculty's commitment to the art and science of healing has made SCNM a leader among the naturopathic medical schools";
.
(click here,
.
.
[in "Becoming a Naturopathic Physician" (2012)]
.
"after completion of standard premedical undergraduate coursework, a naturopathic physician (N.D.) attends a four-year graduate level naturopathic medical school and is educated in all of the same basic sciences as an M.D.";
.
(click here, 
.
.
[in "Take Back Your Health" (Spring-Summer 2012)]
.
"naturopathic physicians craft comprehensive treatment plans that blend the best of modern medical science and traditional natural medical approaches to not only treat disease, but to also restore health [...] naturopathic physicians base their practice on six timeless principles founded on medical tradition and scientific evidence";
.
(click here,
.
.
[in "Modalities of Naturopathic Medicine"]
.
"there is a lot of scientific literature examining their efficacy and more research done all the time";
.
(click here,
.
.
[in "First Annual Illinois Association of Naturopathic Physicians (ILANP) Conference" (2013)]
.
"welcome to the First Annual Conference of the Illinois Association of Naturopathic Physicians: Integrative Approaches to Metabolic Disorders. The conference will be held at National University of Health Sciences, In Lombard, Illinois, November 16-17th, 2013 [...] CE credits applied for by: National University of Health Sciences [...] Kelly Baltazar, ND, DC, MS [...] Dr. Baltazar was the Chief Clinician of the Naturopathic program at National University of Health Sciences from 2008-2013 [...] Eliot W. Edwards, ND, FABNO is a 2002 graduate from National College of Naturopathic Medicine  [...] he was also a clinic instructor at National University of Health Sciences in Lombard, IL [...] Lorinda Sorensen, ND [...] is an assistant professor at National University of Health Sciences";
.
(click here,
.
.
[in "2013 ILANP Conference"]
.
"National University of Health Sciences";
.
(click here,
.
.
the Indiana Association of Naturopathic Physicians states:
.
.
[in "Naturopathic Medicine" (2013)]
.
"naturopathic doctors are uniquely [...] blend ancient and traditional medical knowledge with modern scientifically backed diagnosis and naturally based treatment modalities [...] they are educated in both conventional medical sciences and natural therapeutics [...] education [...] National University of Health Sciences";
.
(click here,
.
.
[in "Naturopathic Education" (2013)]
.
"like conventional medical schools, these rigorous four-year doctoral programs provide a solid foundation in the basic medical sciences [...] American schools [...include] National University of Health Science";
.
(click here,
.
.
[in "$3.1 million to Study Integrative Care for Breast Cancer Patients"]
.
"Bastyr University, founded in 1978, is a pioneer in naturopathic medicine and natural health sciences [...] Education [...] National University of Health Sciences";
.
(click here,
.
.
[in "Yoga Eases Sleep Problems Among Cancer Survivors" (2013)]
.
"[via ND Grasso, quoting] 'this is also a creative application of scientific technique to complementary and alternative medical approaches. This applies real science' [...] education [...ND schools include] National University of Health Sciences";
.
(click here,
http://www.inanp.com/?p=240)[vsc 2013-02-05]
.
.
Iowa Naturopathic Physicians Association states:
.
[for their Facebook page, click here,
.
i.
.
[in "INPA Annual Membership Application"]
.
"as per the INPA By-laws, Article III; The Mission of the Iowa Naturopathic Physicians Association, Inc., shall be: (a) to advance, promote and protect the science of naturopathic medicine";
.
(click here,
.
ii.
.
[in "Naturopathic Medicine"]
.
"naturopathic medical schools provide the same basic and clinical sciences coursework as conventional medical schools [...] member schools [...include] National University of Health Sciences [...] University of Bridgeport - College of Naturopathic Medicine Health Science Center";
.
(click here,
.
iii.
.
[in "What is the INPA"]
.
"Jessica Curcio, NMD president [...] the majority of her scientific publication focuses on menopause, women’s health, hormonal replacement therapy and bio-identical hormones";
.
(click here,
.
.
the Maine Association of Naturopathic Doctors states:
.
i.
.

[in "Naturopathic Resources"]
.
"fully accredited naturopathic medical colleges and universities [...] Bastyr University: Natural Health Sciences";
.
(click here,
.
ii.
.
[in "Naturopathic News:Vaccination"]
.
"this book provides an excellent review of the scientific literature on immunization. It is compelling and extensively referenced [...] at the Integrative Healthcare Symposium, January 17-19, 2008 in NYC, you’ll gain a whole perspective with full access to the most up-to-date, scientific and clinical applications in integrative medicine";
.
(click here,
.
iii.
.

[in "Our Mission"]
.
"to encourage scientific research in natural medicine";
.
(click here,
.
iv.
.

[in "Anne C. Jacobs, ND, LAc"]
.
"combining the art and science of both naturopathic medicine and Chinese medicine";
.
(click here,

.
.
the Maryland Association of Naturopathic Physicians states:
.
i.
.
[in "Natural Health"(2010 Winter)]
.
"Maryland is a nationally recognized leader in health and biological sciences";
.
(click here,
.
ii.
.
[in "Take Back Your Health"(2010 Fall)]
.
"there is a growing body of scientific data that supports the use of natural therapies alongside conventional treatment";
.
(click here,
.
iii.
.
[in "Naturopathic Therapeutics"]
.
"NDs are trained in drug/herb interactions, dosing of herbs, as well as the traditional uses and scientific research on plants and plant extracts";
.
(click here,
.
(click here,
.
iv.
.
[in "ND Training"]
.
"the first two years in accredited naturopathic medical programs focus on the basic biomedical sciences [...] the second two years integrate the basic biomedical sciences with clinical sciences, focusing on a broad range of alternative therapies and clinical skills, including [...] homeopathy";
.
(click here,
.
(click here,
.
v.
.
[in "Naturopathic Medicine"]
.
"naturopathic medicine is a distinct health profession which was founded over 100 years ago upon a philosophy of treating the whole person and combining natural therapies with current scientific advances in modern medicine [...] naturopathic medicine, as an organized profession, is committed to ongoing research and development of its science";
.
(click here,
.
vi.
.
[in "HB 620 Practitioner Support Letter Template"]
.
"naturopathic physicians are trained in the scope of primary care physicians with a focus on disease prevention and use of science-based natural therapies to stimulate healing";
.
(click here,
.
vii.
.
[in "Practitioner Support Letter 2012"]
.
"naturopathic physicians are trained in the scope of primary care physicians with a focus on disease prevention and use of science-based natural therapies to stimulate healing [...] naturopathic physicians are trained in the scope of primary care physicians with a focus on disease prevention and use of science-based natural therapies to stimulate healing";
.
(click here,
(archived here,
.
viii.
.
[in "Fall 2010 Legislative Update"]
.
"there is a growing body of scientific data that supports the use of natural therapies alongside conventional treatment";
.
(click here,
.
ix.
.
[in "Donation to MDANP"]
.
"naturopathic medicine: founded on the philosophy of treating the whole person and combining natural therapies with current scientific advances in modern medicine";
.
(click here,
.
.
the Massachusetts Society of Naturopathic Doctors states:
.
i.
.
[in "Definition of Naturopathic Medicine"]
.
"naturopathic medicine is a distinct system of primary health care - an art, science, philosophy and practice of diagnosis, treatment and prevention of illness. Naturopathic medicine is distinguished by the principles which underlie and determine its practice. These principles are based upon the objective observation of the nature of health and disease, and are continually reexamined in the light of scientific advances [...] as professional leaders and pioneers in science-based natural medicine, naturopathic doctors [...] a licensed naturopathic doctor (N.D.) attends a four-year graduate level naturopathic medical school and is educated in all of the same basic sciences as an M.D.";
.
(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
.
[defunct](for a youtube.com slideshow of this, click here,
.
ii.
.
[in "FAQ's"]
.
"a naturopathic doctor is a doctor who is an expert in complementary medicines such as [...] nutritional science [...] what are the similarities and differences of 4-year naturopathic medical schools and conventional medical schools? [...] # of hours of basic and clinical sciences [the former {MD programs}] 1524, [the latter {ND/NMD programs}] 1535 [...] ND’s and MD’s ‘speak the same language’ as they are both trained in western medicine and use scientific research to support their clinical practices [...] is there scientific evidence to support the use of naturopathic medicines? [...] there is a lot of scientific evidence [...] a licensed naturopathic doctor [...] is well trained in both traditional and conventional applications of the specific medicines and the scientific literature behind these applications";
.
(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
.
iii.
.
[in "Links and Resources"]
.
"naturopathic medical schools [...include] Bastyr University, located north of Seattle, Washington, is one of the world’s leading academic centers for advancing knowledge in the natural health sciences [...] NCNM offers two graduate professional degrees in accredited and recognized programs that prepare you for licensed practice in many states and provinces: doctor of naturopathic medicine and master of science in oriental medicine [...] Southwest College of Naturopathic Medicine & Health Sciences, founded in 1992, educates in the art and science of naturopathic medicine to prepare students to be conscientious and caring health care providers [...] NCCAM is dedicated to exploring complementary and alternative healing practices in the context of rigorous science";
.
(click here,
.
(click here,
.
iv.
.
[in "About"]
.
"naturopathic medicine is a distinct system of family medicine that skillfully combines ancient therapeutic traditions with modern science to restore health";
.
(click here,
.
(click here,
.
.
.
.
the Michigan Association of Naturopathic Physicians states:
.
i.
.
[in "The Naturopathic Doctor"]
.
"ND's [punct.] treat disease and restore health utilizing therapies from the sciences";
.
(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
.
[defunct](for a youtube.com slideshow of this, click here {00.01.59-00.02.15},
.
ii.
.
[in "The Principles of Naturopathic Medicine"]
.
"the foundation of naturopathic medicine is based on six principles formulated from the observation of health and disease and examined through scientific analyses";
.
(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
(for a digg.com social bookmark of this, click here,
.
[defunct](for a youtube.com slideshow of this, click here {00.01.43-00.01.59},
.
iii.
.
[in "Education of a Naturopathic Physician"]
.
"a licensed naturopathic physician (N.D.) attends a four-year graduate level naturopathic medical school and is educated in all of the same basic sciences as an M.D. [...] the doctorate degree requires intensive study and training in the basic sciences and clinical medical studies including [etc....] comparing the curricula of naturopathic medical schools with conventional medical schools [...] basic and clinical sciences [...] National College of Naturopathic Medicine, Bastyr University (Naturopathic Medicine), Southwest College of Naturopathic Medicine, Johns Hopkins, Yale, Stanford [...] 1548, 1639, 1419, 1771, 1420, 1383 [respectively]";
.
(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
.
[defunct](for a youtube.com slideshow of this, click here {00.02.15-00.02.40},
.
iv.
.
[in "Naturopathic Medical Education Comparative Curricula"]
.
where we are given numbers per "basic and clinical sciences" that postures naturopathic schools as having more hours of such than Yale and Stamford medical schools;
.
(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
.
[defunct](for a youtube.com slideshow of this, click here {00.02.43-00.03.06},
.
v.
.
[in "Naturopathic Physician's Oath"]
.
"I dedicate myself to the service of humanity as a practitioner of the art and science of naturopathic medicine";
.
(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
.
[defunct](for a youtube.com slideshow of this, click here {00.03.07-00.03.21},
.
vi.
.
[in "Licensing Issues For Michigan Naturopaths"]
.
"states that license naturopathic physicians allow the health care consumer access to physician-level, safe, effective, science-based natural health care."
.
(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
.
[defunct](for a youtube.com slideshow of this, click here {00.03.22- 00.03.44},
.
vii.
.
[in "Licensure Frequently Asked Questions"]
.
"NDs graduate from accredited, four-year, naturopathic schools, where they receive comprehensive training in basic biomedical sciences";
.
(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
.
[defunct](for a youtube.com slideshow of this, click here {00.03.44-00.04.10},
.
viii.
.
[in "Education"]
.
"a licensed naturopathic physician (N.D.) attends a four-year graduate level naturopathic medical school and is educated in all of the same basic sciences as an M.D. [...] the doctorate degree requires intensive study and training in the basic sciences and clinical medical studies [...] candidate for Accreditation: National University of Health Sciences 200 E. Roosevelt Rd. Lombard, IL 60148 (800) 826-6285 [...] comparing the curricula of naturopathic medical schools with conventional medical schools [...] basic and clinical sciences [...] National College of Naturopathic Medicine; Bastyr University (Naturopathic Medicine); Southwest College of Naturopathic Medicine; Johns Hopkins; Yale; Stanford [...respectively] 1548; 1639; 1419; 1771; 1420; 1383 [the 'ND super-science claim']";
.
(click here,
.
.
the Minnesota Association of Naturopathic Physicians states:
.
i.
.
[in "Licensure Effort"]
.
"naturopathic physicians (ND) [...] are educated in conventional medical sciences";
.
(click here,
.
ii.
.
[in "What Is Naturopathic Medicine?]
.
"based on science [...] naturopathic medicine, sometimes called 'naturopathy' is as old as healing itself and as new as the latest discoveries in biochemical sciences [...] they represent a thoroughly rational, evenhanded balance of tradition, science and respect for nature, mind, body and spirit [...] the rise of 'scientific medicine' [...] nutritional science [...] National University of Health Sciences [...] naturopathic diagnosis and therapeutics are supported by scientific research [...] the practice of naturopathic medicine emerges from seven principles of healing. These principles are based on the objective observation of the nature of health and disease and are examined continually in light of scientific analysis";
.
(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
.
iii.
.
[in "About MNANP"]
.
"for more information on the education and training of naturopathic physicians or naturopathic medicine, please visit these websites [...] National University of Health Sciences (NUHS)";
.
(click here,
.
.
the Missouri Association of Naturopathic Doctors states:
.
[in "Welcome to the Official Website of the MANP"]
.
"naturopathic physicians treat disease and restore health-using therapies from the sciences";
.
(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
.
.
the Montana Association of Naturopathic Physicians states:
.
[in "Bylaws"]
.
"naturopathic medicine is a distinct method of primary health care - an art, science, philosophy and practice of diagnosis, treatment and prevention of illness.  Naturopathic physicians seek to restore and maintain optimum health in their patients by emphasizing nature's inherent self-healing process, the vis medicatrix naturae [...] the purpose of this association shall be to advance the philosophy, science and art of naturopathic medicine";
.
(click here,
.
.
the New Brunswick Naturopathic Doctors Association states:
.
[in "About Naturopathic Medicine"]
.
"medicine is [...] the art and science of disease diagnosis, treatment and prevention [...] a naturopathic doctor blends modern clinical sciences with traditional healing practices [...] training to become an ND includes the prerequisite three years of university premedical sciences courses";
.
(click here,
http://www.nband.ca/about_eng.html)
(archived here,
)
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
)
.
.
the New Hampshire Association of Naturopathic Doctors states:
.
. 
[in "Proceedings Book NHAND 12th Annual Convention" (2014)]
.
"Dr. Joseph Pizzorno is one of the world’s leading authorities on science-based natural medicine, a term he coined in 1978";
.
(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
.
.
[in "2014 NHAND Annual Conference November 14 - 15, 2014 Marriott Courtyard Nashua, NH Foundations: Science and Spirit" (2014)]
.
"Science and Spirit [...] 4:45 – 5:45 Lise Alschuler, ND, FABNO Happiness: Applying the science and holism of Happiness to transform clinical practice";
.
(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
.
.
[in "Classical Homeopathy in Naturopathic Practice" (2009)]
.
"homeopathy is the art and science of healing";
.
(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
.
.
[in "NHAND: Links and Resources" (2006)]
.
"Bastyr University, located north of Seattle, Washington, is one of the world's leading academic centers for advancing knowledge in the natural health sciences";
.
(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,

.
[in "NHAND: State of New Hampshire Statutes, Chapter 328-E: Naturopathic Health Care Practice" (2006)]
.
"(1) the basic sciences program shall include in-depth study and courses on: a. human anatomy; b. physiology; c. biochemistry; d. pathology; e. pharmacology; and f. pharmacognosy; (2) a basic science program may also include, without limitation, courses in public health and naturopathic philosophy; (3) total hours in basic sciences shall be a minimum of 1000 clock hours, with 12 clock hours equal to one quarter credit, or equivalent semester credit; (4) the clinical sciences program shall include preparation of the student to diagnose the causes of human ailments and treat them using naturopathic medications and methods; (5) the clinical sciences program shall include: a. diagnostic courses, which shall include: 1. physical; 2. clinical; 3. laboratory; and 4. radiological; b. therapeutic courses, which shall include:1. botanical medicine; 2. homeopathy; 3. nutrition; 4. naturopathic physical medicine; and 5. psychological counseling; c. specialty courses, which shall include: 1. organ systems; 2. cardiology; 3. dermatology; 4. endocrinology; 5. eyes, ears, nose and throat; 6. gastroenterology; 7. orthopedics; 8. neurology; 9. gynecology; 10. natural childbirth; 11. obstetrics; 12. pediatrics; 13. geriatrics; 14. jurisprudence; and 15. medical emergencies. (6) A clinical sciences program may also include, without limitation, courses in acupuncture.(7) Total hours in clinical sciences shall be a minimum of 1200 clock hours with 12 clock hours equal to one quarter credit, or equivalent semester credit";
.
(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
.
.
[in "About NHAND" (2004)]
.
"naturopathic physicians are the highest trained practitioners in the broadest scope of naturopathic medical modalities. In addition to the basic medical sciences";
.
(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
.
.
["About Naturopathic Health Care" (2004)]
.
"naturopathic doctors are trained at accredited, four-year, post-graduate, residential naturopathic medical programs. The training consists of comprehensive study of the conventional medical sciences [...] the naturopathic medical profession’s infrastructure includes accredited educational institutions, professional licensing, national standards of practice, peer review, and a commitment to state-of-the-art scientific research";
.
(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
.
[defunct](for a youtube.com slideshow of this, click here {00.00.56-00.01.28},
.
.
the New York Association of Naturopathic Physicians states:
.
.
the NYS ND licensure PAC is https://www.facebook.com/NDS4NYS;
.
.
[in "Naturopathic Doctors Versus MDs and DOs" (2014)]
.
"are basic medical science classes taken?  Yes [...] are clinical medical science classes taken? Yes [...] NPLEX: Part 1 – Basic sciences, Part 2- Clinical sciences (http://nabne.org) [...] science education";
.
(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
.
(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
.
.
[in "Speakers" (2014)]
.
"a scientific model of breathing therapy called Buteyko [...] Bastyr University, one of the leading centers for science-based natural medicine";
.
(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,

.
[in "Naturopathic Medicine: A Holistic Profession You Need to Know About" (2013)]
.
"just as MDs and DOs do, naturopathic doctors take four or five years of graduate-level classes in medical sciences [...] I am recommending techniques and substances that have a good body of scientific evidence";
.
(click here,
.
.
[in "Fall Conference Talk Descriptions" (2013)]
.
"Hana Solomon, ND: Science of Nasal Irrigation";
.
(click here,
.
.
[in "2013 Expanded Schedule with Lecture Descriptions" (2013)]
.
"examine scientific research informing the testing, diagnosis and treatment provided by two standards of care";
.
(click here,
.
.
[in "Memorandum in Support: Licensure of Naturopathic Doctors S1803 LaValle / A1937 Hoyt" (2013)]
.
"using science-based natural therapies, naturopathic doctors practice [etc.]";
.
(click here,
.
.
[in "The Biggest Quack School in Natural Medicine Closes" by Lange, A. (ND Bastyr 1984) (2012)]
.
"a licensed naturopathic physician (N.D.) attends a four-year graduate-level naturopathic medical school and is educated in all of the same basic sciences as an M.D.";
.
(click here,
.

.
[in "Preventing Chronic Diseases through State Licensure of Naturopathic Medicine" by Serena Goldstein (2012)]
.
[S.G. is apparently a second year student at NCNM 2011-05, see http://www.naturopathicstudent.org/national-college-natural-medicine]
.
"'magic bullets' are drugs created by scientists who search for a molecule that could cure a (usually deadly) disease [...] applicants to naturopathic medical school need to complete the given basic science prerequisites, which consist of completing a year of general chemistry, general biology, organic chemistry, and physics with lab. In the U.S., naturopathic physicians and conventional physicians also require, in addition to the sciences, pathology, patient evaluation, and profession-specific clinical intervention training, although some variation exists within both programs in terms of quality and quantity of exposure [...and] social science [...] the Naturopathic Physicians Licensing Examination (NPLEX) includes a basic sciences examination and clinical examinations [...] # of hours of basic and clinical sciences [...] conventional medical schools [...] 1524 [...] 4-year naturopathic medical schools [...] 1535 [...] scientists develop clinical trials only after testing therapies on animals to determine any potential toxicity, and then proceed to test treatments [...] despite scientific trials and studies to prove the legitimacy of their research, people will still seek alternative medicine regardless of whether or not studies declare it unsafe. Statistically, there is always a possibility that scientific research of a treatment could yield effective results due to either a fluke or an actual effect [...] patients judge their quality of treatment based upon the physician’s behavior towards them, instead of a scientific study [...] the effectiveness of alternative medicine can be difficult to establish because it is based upon someone’s subjective experience and not the scientific method [...] licensing and acknowledging alternative medicine may place its therapies at the same standard of pharmaceuticals (already a type of comfort zone in prescribing based upon scientific evidence of clinical trials) and encourage doctors to be more at ease [...] medical doctors and those working in the allopathic health care field are likely to be critical of naturopathic medicine because a lot of the modalities and treatments are not scientifically proven. Ms. Manthy and Dr. Rice, however, bridge the gap between the allopathic and naturopathic worlds by placing the importance of healing the patient over a priority for scientific studies [...] a probable cause of revoking licensure was the rise of 'scientific medicine' [...] the benefit of visiting a N.D., on the other hand, is that their training in conventional sciences [...] if other physicians can practice alternative care, which seems to be the controversial factor because a lot of the methods are not scientifically proven [...] both schools have many of the same classes (usually in core sciences) [...] currently, students and faculty at National College of Natural Medicine (NCNM) in Portland, Oregon are trying to get the opportunity to go on rounds with other third and fourth year allopathic medical students from Oregon Health and Sciences University (OHSU) [...] conventional medical practice demands proof of vitamin C’s benefits, although science works by showing ideas are wrong, since there is no such thing as a scientific proof. Yet innovation can always be stifled with a claim that there isn’t any scientific proof, regardless of the strength of the evidence [...] even without being a physician, his reputation for scientific knowledge and insight drew respect from the allopathic medical community [...] the public and medical and science establishments dismissed his qualifications as a medical authority [...] his mastery of mathematics, statistics, and scientific method was over-looked [...] he utilized the scientific method [...] Oregon Health Science University to assess naturopathic treatment for multiple sclerosis";
.
(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
.
(click here,
.
.
[in "2012 Annual Conference Lecture Descriptions" (2012)]
.
"the purpose of the presentation is to improve the ability of clinicians and students to evaluate scientific literature for clinical utility, and to increase confidence in performing in-office research";
.
(click here,
.
.
[in "Links - Schools" (2012)]
.
"Bastyr University: Natural Health Sciences";
.
(click here,
.
[in "Learn About Naturopathic Medicine" (2012)]
.
"in the United States, the naturopathic medical profession's infrastructure includes accredited educational institutions, professional licensing, national standards of practice, peer review, and a commitment to state-of-the-art scientific research [...] naturopathic medicine, as an organized profession, is committed to ongoing research and development of its science. It incorporates many elements of scientific modern medicine [...] naturopathic diagnosis and therapeutics are supported by scientific research";
.
(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
.
(click here,
.
.
[in "Fall Conference Talk Descriptions" (2011)]
.
"Hana Solomon, ND: Science of Nasal Irrigation";
.
(click here,
.
.
[in "Conference Schedule 2011" (2011)]
.
"Jean-Jacques Duguoa, ND: 'Treating Pregnant Women from the 1st Trimester to Delivery: Clinical Pearls Based on the Best Scientific Evidence Available in 2011'";
.
(click here,
.
[in "2011 Speaker Overview" (2011)]
.
"Dr. Brady is a licensed naturopathic physician, a chiropractic physician and a board certified clinical nutritionist. He is the vice provost of the Division of Health Sciences, the Director of the Human Nutrition Institute, and an associate professor of clinical sciences at the University of Bridgeport in Connecticut";
.
(click here,
.
.
[in "Dr. David M. Brady, ND, DC, CCN, DACBN" (2011)]
.
"Dr. Brady is a licensed Naturopathic Physician, a Chiropractic Physician and a Board Certified Clinical Nutritionist. He is the Vice Provost of the Division of Health Sciences, the Director of the Human Nutrition Institute, and an Associate Professor of Clinical Sciences at the University of Bridgeport in Connecticut [...] Dr. Jean-Jacques Dugoua [...] Dr. JJ has many peer-reviewed scientific publications ";
.
(click here,
.
[in part](click here,
.

.
[in "Code of Ethics" (2011)]
.
"the physician shall at all times seek to employ methods of therapy that are consistent with naturopathic medical philosophy, scientific principles and evidence [...] members shall continue to study, apply and advance scientific knowledge";
.
(click here,
.

.
[in "Benefit Analysis of Licensing Naturopathic Doctors - May 2011 - S1803/A1937 - Sponsored by Senator LaValle and Assembly Member Hoyt"]
.
"naturopathy is a science-based health care practice";
.
(click here,
.
.
[in "NYANP 2009 Annual Conference 6-CD Set" (2009)]
.
"naturopathic medicine makes use of time-tested, scientifically grounded, natural methods";
.
(click here,
.
.
[in "What Is A Naturopathic Doctor?"(2009-)]
.
"naturopathic doctors are trained at accredited, four-year, post-graduate, residential naturopathic medical programs. The training consists of comprehensive study of the conventional medical sciences";
(click here,
.
.
[homepage embedded video]
.
[in "Time Is Now"(2009-03-22)]
.
"[00.01.50] Dr. Robert Cannell, MD. Arizona State Senator [...] I'm an allopathic physician [00.01.55...] I've been to the school [SCNM], and sat in classes in the school. These are science-based classes [00.02.19]."
.
(click here,
.

.
[in "Naturopathic Medicine"(2004-]
.
"the naturopathic medical profession’s infrastructure includes [...] a commitment to state-of-the-art scientific research [...] naturopathic medicine [...] is committed to ongoing research and development of its science [...] validated in many scientifically based professional journals [...] science of botanical medicine [...] naturopathic diagnosis and therapeutics are supported by scientific research drawn from peer-reviewed journals from many disciplines, including naturopathic medicine";
.
(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
.
.
[in "Fact Sheet on Naturopathic Medicine in New York" (2001)]
.
"naturopathic physicians have doctorates of naturopathic medicine (N.D.) and have graduated from four-year, graduate level, federally accredited naturopathic medicine colleges [...] they study the same basic and clinical sciences as orthodox medical students as well as the full spectrum of natural medicines and therapies";
.
(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
.
.
[in "Related Links" (2001)]
.
"Bastyr University: Natural Health Sciences";
.
(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
.
.
[orphaned stuff]
.
[in “Bastyr Center for Natural Health: The Teaching Clinic For Bastyr University”]
.
“Bastyr University […] the leading university for natural health sciences […] founded in 1978 by practicing naturopathic physicians, Bastyr University integrates the pursuit of scientific knowledge with the wisdom of ancient healing methods and traditional cultures […] its mission is to educate future leaders in the natural health sciences that integrate mind, body, spirit [!], and nature”;
.
(click here,
.
.
the North Carolina Association of Naturopathic Physicians states:
.
i.
.
[in "About Naturopathic Doctors Licensing Act in North Carolina"]
.
"the Naturopathic Doctors Licensing Act has been introduced in the North Carolina General Assembly. Senate Bill 467 sponsored by Senators Fletcher Hartsell, (R-Cabarrus & Irdell), and Tom Apodaca, (R-Buncombe, Henderson, & Polk), and House Bill 847 sponsored by Representatives Jeff Barnhart, (R-Cabarrus), Jeff Collins, (R-Nash), Tom Murry, (R-Wake), and Susan Fisher, (D-Buncombe) were introduced Thursday, March 31 and Thursday, April 7 respectively. SB 467 and HB 847 prescribe a process for licensing doctors of naturopathic medicine in North Carolina. The legislation follows the national standards for licensure of naturopaths requiring college graduation with an emphasis in sciences";
.
(click here,
.
ii.
.
[in "John (Keoni) Teta ND, LAc, CSCS"]
.
"Dr. Keoni Teta [...has a] passion to practice the art and science of medicine [...] Dr. Teta did his undergraduate study at North Carolina State University where he obtained a bachelor of science degree in both biochemistry and chemical engineering [...] at North Carolina Agricultural and Technical University [...] he received his masters of science [...] he received his doctorate in naturopathic medicine as well as a masters of science in acupuncture";
.
(click here,
.
iii.
.
[in "Dr. William Franklin, ND"]
.
"Dr. William Franklin [...] graduated from East Tennessee State University with a bachelor of science in exercise science and completed coursework for a master of science in exercise physiology";
.
(click here,
.
iv.
.
[in "Dr. Christie C. Yerby, ND"]
.
"Dr. Yerby is a naturopathic doctor and graduate of Southwest College of Naturopathic Medicine and Health Sciences, Tempe, Arizona [...] Dr. Yerby has presented numerous courses on a variety of natural science topics in the US and Canada and has appeared on both radio and TV shows as an informational resource for natural science therapeutics";
.
(click here,
.
v.
.
[in "Preeta Kuhlman, ND"]
.
"Preeta has a [...] bachelor of science (honors) in physiological sciences";
.
(click here,
.
vi.
.
[in "Jade Teta ND, CSCS"]
.
"Dr. Jade Teta [...] completed his undergraduate training at North Carolina State University, earning abachelors of science in biochemistry";
.
(click here,
.
vii.
.
[in "Gil Alvardao, N.D., L.Ac., Dipl.Ac."]
.
"by integrating modern scientific information with the wisdom from ancient traditions, Dr. Alvarado [etc....] by respecting and skillfully using the gifts of nature combined with the advances of modern science [etc....] Dr. Alvarado graduated with a bachelor of science degree from the University of the State of New York";
.
(click here,
.
viii.
.
[in "Jillian Sarno Teta, N.D."]
.
"Jillian obtained a bachelors and masters degree from Boston University in biology with a concentration in marine science";
.
(click here,
.
ix.
.
[in "Johathan Ritz, N.D."]
.
"he received his bachelor of science from the United States Military Academy in West Point, NY [...and] his Doctor of Naturopathic Medicine from the Southwest College of Naturopathic Medicine and Health Sciences in Tempe, AZ.";
.
(click here,
.
x.
.
[in "Meaghan Dishman ND, LAc, MSOM"]
.
"alumni of the 6-year dual degree naturopathic medical doctorate and classical Chinese masters of science medical programs at the oldest college of naturopathic and classical Chinese medicine in the United States, the National College of Natural Medicine in Portland, Oregon";
.
(click here,
.
xi.
.
[in "Education and Professional Standards of Naturopathic Physicians"]
.
"all licensed naturopathic physicians have doctorate of naturopathic medicine degrees from federally recognized medical schools. Their education includes [...] the same foundational and clinical sciences as other medical students [...] National College of Natural Medicine naturopathic medical curriculum [...] basic science clinical correlate I, II & III [...for the] NPLEX examinations [...] the clinical scenario is very brief on the Part I - Biomedical Science Examination and more extensive on the Part II - Clinical Science Examinations [...] items on the Part I - Biomedical Science Examination do not require clinical training [...] Part I - Biomedical Science Examination [...] Part II - Core Clinical Science Examination [...] qualified schools, accreditation and board exams [...] candidate for accreditation: National University of Health Sciences (Lombard, Illinois) [...] medical college curriculum comparisons [...] basic clinical sciences [...] NCNM 1548, Bastyr 1639, SCNM 1419, JHMS 1771, YUSM 1420, SUSM 1383 [the superscience claim!...] basic clinical sciences include: anatomy, cell biology, physiology, histology, pathology, biochemistry, pharmacology, lab diagnosis, neurosciences, clinical physical diagnosis, genetics, pharmacognosy, bio- statistics, epidemiology, public health, history and philosophy, ethics, and other coursework [...] naturopathic medicine, as an organized profession, is committed to ongoing research and development of its science. It incorporates many elements of scientific modern medicine";
.
(click here,
[archived here,
]
[for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
]
.
xii.
.
[in "North Carolina Legislative Health Watch Volume 6, Number 48, November 10, 2004: PBM Debate Ends, Naturopathic Licensure Study Begins"]
.
"in comparing naturopathic medical schools (NMS) with conventional medical schools [...] both had about the same number of hours required in basic and clinical sciences [...] naturopathic medical students must pass all 5 of their basic science exams with a score of at least 75% in each field to move on to their clinical science exams, which they also need to pass with scores of at least 75% [...] the scientific research that is validating naturopathic therapies [...] Mr. Coward said that medical societies sometimes oppose naturopathic medicine by saying that there is no science behind it. He offered evidence of scientific validation in several disease areas";
.
(click here,
.
xiii.
.
[in "North Carolina Association of Naturopathic Physicians"]
.
"as clinicians trained in the healing physiology of the human body, biochemistry, genetics, and various other clinical and life sciences, naturopathic doctors [etc.]";
.
(click here,
.
xiv.
.
[in "Questions for the Legislative Committee on New Licensing Boards"]
.
"the naturopathic medical education requires premedical undergraduate coursework. The federally accredited, four-year naturopathic medical schools teach the same basic and clinical sciences as other medical schools [...] the first two years of naturopathic medical school consist of basic medical sciences such an anatomy, physiology, biochemistry, physical and clinical diagnosis, laboratory diagnosis, etc. [...] naturopathic medicine combines basic sciences, clinical sciences";
.
(click here,
.
xv.
.
[in "Marci Scott, N.D."]
.
"Marci Scott, N.D. is a naturopathic physician and southeastern native.  She graduated from the University of Georgia in 1998 and subsequently earned her doctorate of Naturopathic Medicine from Southwest College of Naturopathic Medicine & Health Sciences in Arizona in 2005";
.
(click here,
.
xvi.
.
[in "Anna Kate Cascio, N.D."]
.
"graduates are educated in the same basic sciences as MD's";
.
(click here,
.
xvii.
.
[in "The History of Naturopathic Medicine"]
.
"the naturopathic profession is committed to on-going scientific research and development. Today's practitioners add to the growing body of research by incorporating modern scientific methods that expand the understanding of the mechanisms of natural healing and therapeutics. Ongoing research in immunology, diagnosis, clinical nutrition, botanical medicine, psychology and other clinical sciences contribute to the development of naturopathic medicine";
.
(click here,
.
xviii.
.
[in ""]
.
"the doctor of naturopathic medicine degree (ND) is awarded after classroom, clinic and practical study. NDs are trained in medical sciences";
.
(click here,
.
xix.
.
[in "Dr. Donna Lombardi, ND"]
.
"Dr. Lombardi was raised in Charlotte, NC and attended Duke University. Subsequently, she moved to Seattle, WA where she lived for 30 years. She worked in medical research for 27 years before going back to school for her naturopathic degree. As a result she feels her strong suit is in bringing a very scientific approach to naturopathic medicine";
.
(click here,
.
xx.
.
[in "North Carolina Legislative Health Watch Volume 6, Number 50, December 8, 2004"]
.
"the final licensure advocate at the meeting was Kristina Taylor, a North Carolina native and third year student at the Southwest College of Naturopathic Medicine located in Arizona. She related what it was like to be a student at an accredited naturopathic college – what she called her 'scientific, research and reality-based education'";
.
(click here,
.
xxi.
.
[in "North Carolina Legislative Health Watch Volume 7, Number 1, January 12, 2005"]
.
"the Committee postponed making a decision on its legislative recommendations in order to make changes to proposed legislation that was distributed to the Committee for discussion and to wait for a report on the results of a study convened by the Institute of Medicine (IOM) that explored scientific, policy and practice questions that arise from the use of complementary and alternative medicine";
.
(click here,
.
xxii.
.
[in "What is a Naturopathic Doctor (ND)?"]
.
"naturopathic doctors (NDs) combine the wisdom of nature with the rigors of modern medicine and science [...] educated in all of the same basic sciences as a medical doctor (MD), a naturopathic doctor uses the Western medical sciences as a foundation for diagnosis and treatment. Just like MDs, naturopathic physicians must pass rigorous professional board exams (basic science board exams after 2 years and clinical science board exams upon graduation) before they can be licensed by a state or jurisdiction";
.
(click here,

.
.
the Ohio Chapter of the American Association of Naturopathic Physicians states:
.
i.
.
[in "Philosophy of Naturopathic Medicine"]
.
"as professional leaders and pioneers in science-based natural medicine, naturopathic physicians [...] they integrate scientific research with the healing powers of nature";
.
[2010-](click here,
(archived here,
)
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
.
[2004-](click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
.
ii.
.
[in "Definition of Naturopathic Medicine"]
.
"naturopathic medicine is a distinct system of primary health care - an art, science, philosophy and practice of diagnosis, treatment and prevention of illness. Naturopathic medicine is distinguished by the principles which underlie and determine its practice. These principles are based upon the objective observation of the nature of health and disease, and are continually reexamined in the light of scientific advances[...] naturopathic physicians are primary health care practitioners, whose diverse techniques include modern and traditional, scientific and empirical methods";
[2004-](click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
iii.
.
[in "Dr. Susan Jacobs  N.D., M.S.A., B.A."]
.
"Dr. Jacobs utilizes science-based, non-invasive therapies in her practice, such as botanical medicine, homeopathy, nutrition, and acupuncture";
.
(click here,
.
iv.
.
[in "Naturopathic Medical Education"]
.
"a licensed naturopathic physician (N.D.) attends a four-year graduate level naturopathic medical school and is educated in all of the same basic sciences as an M.D.";
[2004-](click here,
.
v.
.
[in "History of Naturopathic Medicine"]
.
"naturopathic medicine, sometimes called 'naturopathy,' is as old as healing itself and as new as the latest discoveries in biochemical sciences. In the United States, the naturopathic medical profession's infrastructure is based on accredited educational institutions, professional licensing by a growing number of states, national standards of practice and care, peer review, and an ongoing commitment to state-of-the-art scientific research [...] but the rise of 'scientific medicine'";
.
.
vi.
.
[in "What is Naturopathic Medicine?"]
.
"naturopathic physicians (N.D.s) are the highest trained practitioners in the broadest scope of naturopathic medical modalities. In addition to the basic medical sciences";
.
[2011-](click here,
.
.
the Oklahoma Association of Naturopathic Physicians states:
.
i.
.
[in "Naturopathic Medicine"]
.
"naturopathic physicians cooperate with all other branches of medical science [...] combining science with the wisdom of nature";
.
(click here,
.
ii.
.
[in "Schools"]
.
"a licensed naturopathic physician (ND) attends a four-year, graduate-level naturopathic medical school and is educated in all of the same basic sciences as an MD [...] AANMC member schools [...] National University of Health Sciences [...] University of Bridgeport - College of Naturopathic Medicine,  Health Science Center, 60 Lafayette Street, Bridgeport, Connecticut 06604 Phone: (800) EXCEL UB ext. 4108";
.
(click here, 
.
iii.
.
[in "What is Naturopathic Medicine?"]
.
"naturopathic physicians craft comprehensive treatment plans that blend the best of modern medical science and traditional natural medical approaches to not only treat disease, but to also restore health [...] naturopathic physicians base their practice on six timeless principles founded on medical tradition and scientific evidence";
.
(click here,
.
the Oregon Association of Naturopathic Physicians states:
.
i.
.
[in "A Short Historical Background"]
.
"the modern resurgence of naturopathic medicine has been built upon scientific knowledge of the mechanisms of natural healing and therapeutics. Ongoing research in immunology, diagnosis, clinical nutrition, botanical medicine, psychology and other clinical sciences contribute to the development of naturopathic medical science";
.
(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
.
ii.
.
[in "Short History Of Naturopathic Medicine"]
.
"the modern resurgence of naturopathic medicine has been built upon scientific knowledge of the mechanisms of natural healing and therapeutics. Ongoing research in immunology, diagnosis, clinical nutrition, botanical medicine, psychology and other clinical sciences contribute to the development of naturopathic medical science";
.
(click here,
.
iii.
.
[in "The Nature of Naturopathic Medicine"]
.
"naturopathic practice blends centuries-old natural, nontoxic therapies with advances in the science of health and human systems";
.
(click here,
(archived here,
)
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
)
.
iv.
.
[in "Physician Training"]
.
"ND's are trained in medical sciences [...] the American Association of Naturopathic Physicians [...] maintains high standards of education and medical practice and encourages scientific research";
.
(click here,
(archived here,
)
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
)
.
v.
.
[in "Corporate Sponsor Program"]
.
"promoting health through science and nature";
,
(click here, 
(archived here,
)
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
)
.
.
the Pennsylvania Association of Naturopathic Physicians states:
.
.
[in 'homepage' (2014)]
.
"combining centuries of knowledge in healing sciences with new and innovative techniques [...] naturopathic medicine is a form of health care that blends old, proven remedies with new scientific knowledge and advancements";
.
(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
.
.
[in "Naturopathic Principles" (2013)]
.
"naturopathic medicine is a [...] science [...] naturopathic medicine is distinguished by the principles which underlie and determine its practice. These principles are based upon the objective observation of the nature of health and disease, and are continually reexamined in the light of scientific advances [...] naturopathic doctors [...] diverse techniques include [...] scientific and empirical methods";
.
(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
https://web.archive.org/web/*/http://www.panp.org/principles)
.
.
[in "About Us" (2013)]
.
"naturopathic doctors (NDs) combine centuries of knowledge in healing sciences with new and innovative techniques to support the body through both acute and chronic illness";
.
(click here,
(archived here,
https://web.archive.org/web/20130714235418/http://www.panp.org/about_us)
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
.
.
[in "Resources/ Links" (2013)]
.
"naturopathic medical schools [...include] National University of Health Sciences 200 East Roosevelt Road Lombard, IL 60148 (630) 629-2000";
.
(click here,
(archived here,
https://web.archive.org/web/20131126192026/http://panp.org/links)
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
.
.
[in "Taking Back Your Health" (2012)]
.
"I recently developed Healing the Aging Metabolism – my unique 'intellectual property' so to speak, scientifically resolving the 'weight gain with age' issue that so many of us battle  I have just returned from London, to present that science to my international
colleagues at Anti-Aging Conference London 2011"; 
.
(click here,
.
.
[in "What Is Naturopathic Medicine?" (2010)]
.
"naturopathic medicine is a form of health care that blends old, proven remedies with new scientific knowledge and advancements [...] scientific research has shown that many medical conditions can be treated as effectively with food and nutritional supplements [...]  a resurgence of scientific research in Europe and Asia is demonstrating that some plant substances are superior to synthetic drugs in clinical conditions";
.
(click here,
(archived here,
https://web.archive.org/web/20131119213431/http://www.panp.org/naturopathic_medicine)
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
.
.
[in "Naturopathic Education" (2010)]
.
"NDs are trained in medical sciences [...] the seven naturopathic medical schools are as follows [...#7] National University of Health Sciences";
.
(click here,
(archived here,
https://web.archive.org/web/20130714235048/http://www.panp.org/education)
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
.
.
the South Carolina Association of Naturopathic Physicians states:
.
i.
.
[in "What is Naturopathic Medicine?"]
.
"naturopathic medicine is a [...] science [...] infused in this practice is a profound respect for [...] the effective application of the latest scientific research";
.
(click here,
(archived here,
)
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
.
ii.
.
[in "Education and Training"]
.
"a licensed naturopathic physician (N.D.) attends a four-year graduate level naturopathic medical school and is educated in all of the same basic sciences as an M.D.";
.
(click here, 
(archived here,
)
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,

iii.
.
[in "Naturopathic Medical Education Comparative Curricula"]
.
"basic and clinical sciences: National College of Naturopathic Medicine 1548, Bastyr University Naturopathic Medicine 1639, Yale University 1420, Johns Hopkins 1771, Medical College of Wisconsin 1363, Trinity College of Natural Health 272, Clayton College of Natural Health 100";
.
(click here, 
.
.
the Texas Association of Naturopathic Doctors states:
.
.
[in "Is Breakfast Overrated?" (2014)]
.
"but scientific support for that idea has been surprisingly meager";
.
(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,

.
 [in "Cristina Cantu, ND"]
.
"At Natural Health and Sports Massage Center, our expert practitioners offer therapies that combine natural and conventional medicine [...] integrating the healing power of nature with the latest scientific research";
.
(click here,
.
.
[in "About TxAND"]
.
"the Texas Association of Naturopathic Doctors is a professional association of naturopathic doctors (NDs). We are dedicated to advancing the philosophy, science and art of naturopathic medicine within the State of Texas";
.
(click here,
.
.
[in "Julia Strickler, ND (2013)"]
.
"a Texas native, I received my naturopathic medical doctorate from Bastyr University in Seattle, Washington.   Naturopathic medicine integrates the most cutting edge medical science with the wisdom of healing traditions. Bastyr is rated as one of the best medical schools in the country by the Princeton Review and is a leader in the field of natural health science";
.
(click here,
.
.
 [in "Membership Renewal" (2014)]
.
"naturopathic school [...] National University of Health Sciences";
.
(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
.
.
the Utah Association of Naturopathic Physicians states:
.
i.
.
[in "Welcome to the UANP"]
.
"naturopathic medicine is distinguished by the principles which underlie and determine its practice. These principles are based upon the objective observation of the nature of health and disease, and are continually reexamined in the light of scientific advances. Methods used are consistent with these principles";
.
(archived here,
http://web.archive.org/web/20041013224721/http:/www.uanp.org/)[vsc 2010-11-27]
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
http://web.archive.org/web/*/http://www.uanp.org)
.
ii.
.
[in "Definition of Naturopathic Medicine"]
.
"naturopathic medicine is a [...] science [...] naturopathic medicine is distinguished by the principles which underlie and determine its practice. These principles are based upon the objective observation of the nature of health and disease, and are continually reexamined in the light of scientific advances [...] naturopathic physicians are primary health care practitioners [...] diverse techniques include [...] scientific and empirical methods";
.
(click here,
.
.
the Vermont Association of Naturopathic Physicians states:
.
[for a homepage, click here, http://www.vanp.org/]
.
i.
.
[in "About Naturopathic Medicine"]
.
"naturopathic medicine is a distinct system of primary health care that integrates traditional, natural therapies with modern medical diagnostic science and standards of care";
.
(click here,
.
ii.
.
[in "Bylaws of the Vermont Association of Naturopathic Physicians"]
.
"the purpose of this Association shall be to advance the philosophy, science and art of naturopathic medicine";
.
(click here,
.
(click here,
.
iii.
.
[in "Naturopathic Training and Credentialing"]
.
"naturopathic physicians are trained as primary care practitioners at accredited naturopathic medical schools. Like conventional medical schools, these rigorous four-year doctoral programs provide a solid foundation in the basic medical sciences and in conventional diagnostic and treatment methods";
.
(click here,
.
iv.
.
[in "Links and Resources"]
.
"naturopathic medical education: American schools [...include] National University of Health Sciences";
.
(click here,
.
v.
. 
[in "History of Naturopathic Medicine"]
.
"naturopathic medicine, sometimes called 'naturopathy,' is as old as healing itself and as new as the latest discoveries in biochemical sciences [...] in the United States, the naturopathic medical profession’s infrastructure is based on accredited educational institutions, professional licensing by a growing number of states, national standards of practice and care, peer review, and an ongoing commitment to state-of-the-art scientific research";
.
(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
.
.
the Virginia Association of Naturopathic Physicians states:
.
[for a homepage, click here, http://www.vaanp.org/]
.
i.
.
[in "Natural Medicine: Naturopathic Medicine"]
.
"naturopathic medicine is a [...] science [...] naturopathic medicine is distinguished by the principles which underlie and determine its practice. These principles are based upon the objective observation of the nature of health and disease, and are continually reexamined in the light of scientific advances [...] naturopathic doctors are general practitioner[s], whose diverse techniques include modern and traditional, scientific and empirical methods [...we have] a commitment to state-of-the-art scientific research [...] naturopathic medicine is a scientifically proven and tested system of (successful) healthcare [...] naturopathic doctors (N.D.'s) are the most extensively trained practitioners in the broadest scope of naturopathic medical modalities [...including] the basic medical sciences";
(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
.
ii.
.
[in "Licensure"]
.
"NPLEX (naturopathic physicians licensing examination) [...] is the standard examination used by all licensing jurisdictions for naturopathic doctors in North America. It includes 5 basic science exams (anatomy, physiology, pathology, biochemistry, microbiology and immunology) which are taken after the first two years of medical school. The clinical science examinations are taken following graduation after the fourth year of school [...and] include: clinical and physical diagnosis, laboratory diagnosis and diagnostic imaging, botanical medicine, pharmacology, nutrition, physical medicine, homeopathy, minor surgery, psychology and lifestyle counseling, and emergency medicine";
.
(click here,
http://www.vaanp.org/licensure)[vsc 2012-07-05, 2013-04-02]
(archived here,
http://web.archive.org/web/20120320221133/http://www.vaanp.org/licensure)[vsc 2013-04-02]
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
http://web.archive.org/web/*/http://www.vaanp.org/licensure)
.
(click here,
.
[in "Naturopathic Licensing"]
.
"NPLEX is the standard examination used by all licensing jurisdictions for naturopathic doctors in North America. It includes 5 basic science exams (anatomy, physiology, pathology, biochemistry, microbiology and immunology) which are taken after the first two years of medical school. The clinical science examinations are taken following graduation after the fourth year of school. They include: clinical and physical diagnosis, laboratory diagnosis and diagnostic imaging, botanical medicine, pharmacology, nutrition, physical medicine, homeopathy, minor surgery, psychology and lifestyle counseling, and emergency medicine. Individual jurisdictions may give additional examinations in jurisprudence and acupuncture";
.
(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
.
iii.
.
[in "Naturopathic Modalities"]
.
"the naturopathic approach to diet and nutrition has been validated in many scientifically based professional journals on nutrition and dietary sciences [...] naturopathic doctors are trained in both the art and science of botanical medicine";
(click here,
.
iv.
.
[in "Naturopathic Health, Medicine, and Doctors"]
.
"naturopathic medicine [...] incorporates many elements of scientific modern medicine [...it is a] science [...] naturopathic medicine is distinguished by the principles which underlie and determine its practice. These principles are based upon the objective observation of the nature of health and disease, and are continually reexamined in the light of scientific advances [...and includes] scientific and empirical methods [...and has] a commitment to state-of-the-art scientific research [...] in addition to the basic medical sciences [etc....] the naturopathic approach to diet and nutrition has been validated in many scientifically based professional journals on nutrition and dietary sciences [...] naturopathic doctors are trained in both the art and science of botanical medicine";
.
(click here,
.
v.
.
[in "Naturopathic Physician Education"]

.
"after completion of standard premedical undergraduate coursework, a naturopathic doctor (N.D.) attends a four-year graduate level naturopathic medical school and is educated in all of the same basic sciences as an M.D. or D.O. [...] the training consists of comprehensive study of the conventional medical sciences [...including] National University of Health Sciences";
.
(click here,
.
vi.
.
[in "Take Back Your Health"]
.
"[per Lise Alschuler, ND, FABNO] there is a growing body of scientific data that supports the use of natural therapies alongside conventional treatment";
.
(click here,
.
vii.
.
[in "Educational Requirements"]
.
"after completion of standard premedical undergraduate coursework, a naturopathic doctor (N.D.) attends a four-year graduate level naturopathic medical school and is educated in all of the same basic sciences as an M.D. or D.O. [...] the training consists of comprehensive study of the conventional medical sciences including: anatomy, physiology, pathology, microbiology, immunology, clinical and physical diagnosis, laboratory diagnosis, cardiology, gastroenterology, gynecology, etc. [...and schools include ] National University of Health Sciences";
.
(click here,
.
viii.
.
[in "History"]
.
"naturopathic medicine as an organized profession is committed to research and development. It incorporates many elements of scientific modern medicine.";
.
(click here,
.
.
the Washington Association of Naturopathic Physicians states:
.
[for their Facebook page, click here: https://www.facebook.com/WANP.org]
.
.
[in "Membership Benefits" (2016)]
.
"'naturopathic medicine is one part science, one part art, and one part politics'.  John Bastyr, DC, ND";
.
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
https://web.archive.org/web/*/http://wanp.org/membership/benefits/)
.
.
[in "WANP Clinical Conference 2015" (2016)]
.
"combining naturopathic and allopathic sciences [...] the science behind single nucleotide polymorphisms";
.
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
https://web.archive.org/web/*/http://wanp.org/2015-fall-conference/)
.
.
[in "Frequently Asked Questions" (2015)]
.
"naturopathic medicine is a system of healthcare — an art, science, philosophy and practice of diagnosis, treatment and prevention of illness [...] everence for the wisdom of nature and application of the latest scientific research [...] naturopathic physicians are trained in standard medical sciences [...] National University of Health Sciences [...] University of Bridgeport – College of Naturopathic Medicine Health Science Center";
.
(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
.
.
[in "Definitions and Naturopathic Principles" (2011)]
.
"naturopathic medicine is distinguished by the principles which underlie and determine its practice. These principles are based upon the objective observation of the nature of health and disease, and are continually reexamined in the light of scientific advances. Methods used are consistent with these principles";
.
.
.
[in "A Short Historical Background" (2011)]
.
"however, with the rise of 'scientific medicine'";

(click here,
.
.
[in "Education and Training" (2011)]
.
"naturopathic physicians are trained in medical sciences [...including] National University of Health Sciences";
.
(click here,
.
.
[in "Definitions" (2011)]
.
"naturopathic medicine is a [...] science [...] a naturopathic physician's techniques [...] incorporate the scientific and empiric [...] infused in this practice is [...] application of the latest scientific research";
.
(click here,
http://www.wanp.org/mc/page.do?sitePageId=58066)[vsc 2011-01-14][not archive.org curated]
.
.
[in "A Short Historical Background" (1999)]
.
"the modern resurgence of naturopathic medicine has been built upon scientific knowledge of the mechanisms of natural healing and therapeutics. Ongoing research in immunology, diagnosis, clinical nutrition, botanical medicine, psychology and other clinical sciences contribute to the development of naturopathic medical science";
.
(click here,
http://www.wanp.org/index.html#anchor158459)
(archived here,
.
.
the Wisconsin Naturopathic Physicians Association [WNPA] states:
.
.
[in "About Naturopathic Medicine"]
.
"naturopathic medicine is a distinct system of primary health care that integrates safe and effective natural therapies with current advances in medical science [...] naturopathic doctors cooperate with all other branches of medical science [...] in-residence naturopathic medical programs provide a solid foundation in the basic medical sciences";
(click here,
http://www.wisconsin-nd.org/aboutnm.html)[vsc 2010-02-22, 2011-03-27]
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
.
(click here,
.
ii.
.
[in "Welcome to the WNPA"]
.
"the scientific knowledge of the present";
.
(click here,
(archived here,
)
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
.
iii.
.
[in "Organizations"]
.
"AANMC member schools [granting NDs...] Bastyr University, located north of Seattle, Washington, is one of the world's leading academic centers for advancing knowledge in the natural health sciences. A twenty-five-year pioneer in natural medicine [...] National University of Health Sciences [...] University of Bridgeport - College of Naturopathic Medicine, Health Science Center";
(click here,
(archived here,
)
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
.
iv.
.
[in "WNPA Quarterly (vol. 01, iss. 01; Spring 2008)"]
.
"members of the WNPA are committed to the art and science of naturopathic medicine, and humbly offer our knowledge and experience. Collectively, we represent a wealth of information from the clinically-significant to the scientifically-proven";
.
(click here,
.
v.
.
[in "WNPA Quarterly (vol. 01, iss. 03; Fall 2008)"]
.
"in addition, with full diagnostic scope of practice [...] Minnesota naturopathic doctors [...] are free to use the tools inherent in practicing truly holistic, scientifically-based medicine [...] scientists estimate that about 2.1 million people suffer from arthritis pain";
.
(click here,
.
.
C. CAND province ND org.s:
.
[Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Newfoundland and Labrador, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Quebec, and Saskatchewan; Northwest Territories, Nunavut, and Yukon]
.
.
the Alberta Association of Naturopathic Practitioners [also see College of Naturopathic Doctors of Alberta] states:
.
[for their ND list, click here, http://www.cnda.net/page3.html]

.

[in "Naturopathic Medicine Backgrounder"]
.
"naturopathic medicine is a distinct system of primary health care that combines art, science, philosophy and the medical practice of diagnosis and assessment, treatment and the prevention of illness";
.
.
.
the British Columbia Naturopathic Association [see here]:
.
.
the College of Naturopathic Doctors of Alberta states:
.
.
[in "Frequently Asked Questions About Naturopathic Doctors in Alberta" (2013)]
.
"[regarding science] naturopathic programs include basic and clinical medical sciences [...] NDs study the same basic medical and clinical sciences as other healthcare professionals, such as MDs, DCs, DDSs, and RNs. These sciences lay the foundation for detailed history, intake, physical and laboratory diagnosis [...] is naturopathic medicine proven by science? Many naturopathic treatments have been researched and been proven safe and effective for numerous conditions [...] scientific examination of naturopathic methods is important, helping to bring clarity and refinement to the traditional and historical use of various therapies [...] there are also numerous randomized control trials and evidence‐based studies in the literature that have shown the efficacy of the approaches and modalities used in naturopathic medicine";
. 
(click here, 
http://www.cnda.net/FAQ.pdf)[vsc 2013-01-22]
.
.
[in "What is Naturopathic Medicine?" (2013)]
.
"naturopathic medicine is a distinct primary health care system that blends modern scientific knowledge with traditional and natural forms of medicine [...] in Canada, the naturopathic medical professions infrastructure includes [...] a commitment to state-of-the-art scientific research";
.
(click here,
.
.
the College of Naturopathic Physicians of British Columbia states:
.
.
[in "Annual Report 2006"]
.
"for decades the CNPBC has protected the public with science based, accountable, and safe practices [...] Lorne Swetlikoff, B.Sc., ND. President [...] beginning with the August 2007 NPLEX Exam Administration, the Part II - Core Clinical Science Examinations will be integrated into a single examination. The integrated examination will include homeopathy [...] a candidate who has not passed all examinations in the Part II - Core Clinical Science Series, or who has not passed the Homeopathy Add-On Examination prior to August 2007, will be required to take the entire Part II - Core Clinical Integrated Examination";
.
(click here,
http://www.cnpbc.bc.ca/doctors/documents/AGM%202006%20Annual%20Report.pdf)[vsc 2010-08-04]
(archived here,
)
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
)
.
.
[in "Prescriptive Authority for Naturopathic Physicians: Objectives, Rationale and a Framework for Regulation"(2006)]
.
"demand for naturopathic medical services continues to rise as patients seek valid, science-based alternatives [...] naturopathic medicine is a system of primary health care: the science [...] the approaches of naturopathic and allopathic physicians [...] both disciplines are guided by scientific, evidence-based approaches to treatment and intervention. In addition, both disciplines evolve with advances and changes in science and technology [...] academic requirements for NDs include at least four years of premedical education, followed by four years (4400 to 4600 hours) of naturopathic medical training and clinical sciences [...] graduates possess current pharmacotherapeutic knowledge and skills grounded in scientific research as well as in historical, clinical experience (as do medical graduates) [...] this report also concludes that naturopathic medicine diverges from allopathic medicine only 'at the point where professionals in common possession of scientific facts conscientiously disagree on how best to use their shared knowledge in treating patients' [...] patient care under an ND is primary health care, based on a shared scientific foundation and body of expertise, but with a different focus [...] 'a comprehensive foundation in the biological and medical sciences' [...] beginning in 2007, nine of the ten examinations, including the Core Clinical Sciences and homeopathy, will be integrated into a single examination, which must be passed in its entirety";
.
(click here,
http://www.cnpbc.bc.ca/PDF-2007/Prescriptive%20Authority%20Proposal.pdf)[vsc 2010-08-04]
(archived here,
)
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
)
.
.
[in "BC Board Examination Information and Application Procedure"(2009)]
.
"once a candidate has successfully passed the BC Board examinations and both the NPLEX biomedical science and clinical science examinations";
.
(click here,
.
.
[in "Annual General Meeting - April 4, 2009"]
.
"changes to NABNE/NPLEX in 2008 were as follows: NPLEX Part 1 - in August 2008 the Biomedical Science series examinations were combined into a single examination that will cover the topics of anatomy, biochemistry, microbiology, immunology, pathology and physiology. NPLEX Part 2 - in August 2007 the Core Clinical Science series examinations were combined into a single examination that  [...includes] homeopathy [...] note that homeopathy is no longer a Clinical Add-On exam and has been integrated into the Core Clinical Science exam";
.
(click here,
.
.
[in "BC Board Examinations Information and Application Procedure"(2006)]
.
"once a candidate has successfully completed the BC Board examinations and both the NPLEX Basic Science and Core Clinical examinations as well as the required add-on examinations for BC, he/she must [etc.]";
.
(click here,
.
.
[in "Clinical Guidelines for Spinal Manipulation in Naturopathic Practice"]
.
"there have been rare reported cases of disc injuries following cervical and lumbar spinal adjustments although no scientific study has ever demonstrated such injuries are caused, or may be caused, by spinal adjustments [...] diagnosis is an art as well as a science";
.
(click here,
.
.
[in "Requirements and Procedures for BC Licensure"(2006, 2009)]
.
"meet the following educational requirements: complete not less than 3 years liberal arts or sciences study in an accredited college or university [...] successfully pass the following NPLEX examinations: basic science series";
.
(click here,
.
(click here,
.
.
[in "BC Board Examinations Information and Application Procedure"(2010, 2011)]
.
"once a candidate has successfully passed the BC Board examinations and both the NPLEX Biomedical Science and Clinical Science examinations as well as the required add-on examinations for BC, he/she must [etc.]";
.
(click here,

.
(click here,
.
.
[in "School Links"]
.
"National University of Health Sciences";
.
(click here,
.
.
[in "Board Meeting Minutes"(2006)]
.
"complete not less than 3 years liberal arts or sciences study in an accredited college or university [...] discussion around previous CNPBC working for licensure requirements concluding that first, second and third years liberal arts and sciences requirement is not clearly defined";
.
(click here,
.
.
[in "Specialty Therapy Certification Requirements"]
.
"the Undersea and Hyperbaric Medical Society has since 1977 published a list of approved indications for appropriate use of hyperbaric oxygen in medicine. These have scientific and mechanistic validity based on high quality controlled clinical trials, and are an important guideline to practitioners and third party reimbursement agencies";
.
(click here,
.
.
[in "Physicians Relations Committee Quarterly Member Update - Fall 2004"]
.
"patients should not be lead to believe that these remedies have undergone the same level of scientific scrutiny as standard vaccines";
.
(click here,
.
.
[in a letter to Dr. Penny Ballem, MD of the BC Ministry of Health and Planning 2003]
.
"[CNPBC Board of Directors] naturopathic practice is organic, evolving with changing technology and scientific research";
.
(click here,
.
.
the Manitoba Naturopathic Association states:
.
.
[in "Advanced Certification Policy" (2015)]
.
"official transcripts of the NPLEX Part II clinical science elective examination in acupuncture  [...] these indications have scientific and mechanistic validity based on high quality controlled clinical trials, and are an important guideline to practitioners and third party reimbursement agencies [...] basic science [x3]";
.
(click here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
)
.
.
[in "Manitoba Naturopathic Association Guide to the Ethical Conduct of Naturopathic Practitioners" (2015)]
.
"the naturopathic practitioner will practice the art, science and spirit of the profession [...] will recognize a responsibility to give the generally held opinions of the profession wheninterpreting knowledge of a scientific nature to the public";
. 
(click here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
)
.
.
[in "Our Mission" (2013)]
.
"naturopathic medicine is a distinct primary health care system that blends modern scientific knowledge with traditional and natural forms of medicine. Naturopathic medicine is the art and science of disease diagnosis, treatment and prevention using natural therapies including botanical medicine, clinical nutrition, hydrotherapy, homeopathy, traditional Chinese medicine / acupuncture, and lifestyle counseling [...] training includes basic, medical, and clinical science";
.
(click here,
.
.
[in "Frequently Asked Questions" (2013)]
.
"naturopathic medicine is a distinct primary health care system that blends modern scientific knowledge with traditional and natural forms of medicine. Naturopathic medicine is the art and science of disease diagnosis, treatment and prevention using natural therapies including botanical medicine, clinical nutrition, hydrotherapy, homeopathy, traditional Chinese medicine / acupuncture, and lifestyle counseling";
.
(click here,
.
.
[in "Links" (2013)]
.
"naturopathic schools [...include] National University of Health Sciences, www.nuhs.edu";
.
(click here,
.
.
[in "How to Apply" (2013)]
.
"candidate programs: National University of Health Sciences, 200 E. Roosevelt Road, Lombard, IL 60148 USA, Tel: 630-889-6566, www.nuhs.edu";
.
(click here,

.
Naturopathic Doctors Ontario [formerly and right now simultaneously the Ontario Association of Naturopathic Doctors] states:
.
[for their Facebook page, click here, https://www.facebook.com/ndontario]
.
.
@accessv.com (about 1999-2002)

(for the archive.org history of this root directory, click here,
http://web.archive.org/web/*/http://www.accessv.com/~oand/guide.htm,

.
[in "Natural Path" (1997/98 Fall/Winter)]
.
"after obtaining an undergraduate science degree, they must complete four years of training at a college recognized by the Canadian Naturopathic Association and also pass government-approved Board examinations";
.
(click here,
 (for the archive.org history of this page, click here,

.
[in "Natural Path" (1998 Spring/Summer)]
.
"'there's a tendency to want to legitimize alternative therapies by means of scientific explanation' [...] Molecules of Emotion is an exciting autobiographical journey that advances a brand new theory to scientifically explain [etc....] as a young, idealistic scientist [...] the brutal politics of science [...] not only in neuroscience [...] and scientists to embrace a new scientific paradigm. I congratulate her for having the courage to lead the science of healing into the new millennium [...] the naturopathic doctor must first graduate with a degree (with mandatory science courses) from a recognized university";
.
(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
.
.
[in "Natural Path" (1998 Fall/Winter)]
.
"has naturopathic medicine been scientifically verified? [...] indeed, modern scientific studies are now validating the use of a variety of naturopathic treatments [...] lack of funding and restricted resources for research into natural therapies hamper progress in scientific validation";
.
(click here,
 (for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
.
.
[in "History"(1999)]
.
"this was an era of scientific reductionism [...] scientific interest in these traditional healing methods is growing as well";
.
(click here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
.
.
[in "FAQ: Frequently Asked Questions"(1999)]
.
"but naturopathy isn’t based on science, is it? Where would I find research supporting the scientifically proven effectiveness of naturopathic medicine? [...] there is a large body of scientific knowledge now that supports what naturopathic doctors have been practicing for over 100 years [...] it’s exciting that we now have a solid and growing body of scientific knowledge to back up centuries of practice [...] the first two years at the naturopathic colleges focus on basic medical sciences and diagnosis [...] but naturopathy isn’t based on science, is it?  On the contrary, the effectiveness of naturopathic medicine is backed up by solid, controlled studies. It’s important to keep in mind that there can be a difference between clinical effectiveness and scientifically proven effectiveness [...] modern scientific studies are now validating the use of a variety of dietary supplements traditionally used by naturopathic doctors [...] lack of funding and restricted resources for research into natural therapies hamper progress in scientific validation [...] where would I find research supporting the scientifically proven effectiveness of naturopathic medicine?  Scientific journals of many disciplines report research that supports naturopathic treatment protocols. In fact, the Textbook of Natural Medicine surveyed the scientific basis for about one hundred naturopathic procedures and found more than four thousand scientific references to support those methods";
.
(click here,
.
.
@oand.org (about 2002-2013)
.
(for the archive.org history of this root directory, click here,
http://web.archive.org/web/*/http://www.oand.org)
.
.
[in "About Naturopathic Medicine"]
.
"the four-year program incorporates over 4,500 hours of classroom training in basic medical science courses, clinical sciences and naturopathic therapies, as well as 1500 hours of supervised clinical experience";
.
(click here,
.
.
[in "Commonly Asked Questions About Naturopathic Medicine"(2002)]
.
"are naturopathic therapies scientific? [...] the four-year program incorporates basic medical science courses, clinical sciences and naturopathic therapies, as well as problem-based approaches to health issues, and 1500 hours of supervised clinical experience [...] are naturopathic therapies scientific? Many naturopathic therapies have developed out of a rich history of use and are now being validated by scientific research [...] the same can be said of acupuncture, homeopathy, and certainly of whole nutrition";
.
(click here,
(archived here,
.
.
[in "FAQs"(2013)]
.
"the four-year program is comprised of over 4,500 hours of classroom training in basic medical science courses, clinical sciences and naturopathic therapies";
.
(click here,
.
.
[in "HPRAC Recommends Larger Role for NDs [...] Selling and Compounding February 2, 2009"]
.
"science-based, safe and effective, patient-centered care are at the heart of all ND care";
.
(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
.
.
[in "Introduction to Functional Medicine: Redefining Disease Applied Systems Medicine"]
.
"functional medicine is a science-based personalized healthcare approach";
.
(click here,
.
(click here,
.
.
[in "Media Advisory - David Suzuki Opens Naturopathic Doctor Convention"]
.
"'his lifetime advocacy of the socially responsible use of science'";
.
(click here,
.
.
[in "Naturopathic Medicine Today (2004 Fall)"]
.
"naturopathic doctors undergo seven years of university level medical training in biochemistry, physiology and other medical sciences. As well they are licensed and regulated by the government in the practice of alternative and complimentary medicine [...] Valerie Franc BSc ND has an undergraduate degree in nutritional sciences";
.
.
(click here,
.
(click here, 
.
(click here,
.
.
[in "OAND Gives Voice To Naturopathic Doctors Across Ontario"]
.
"through the promotion of art, science and philosophy of natural healing the OAND educates the general public [...] naturopathic training closely parallels the training of MD’s with three years of undergraduate pre-medical sciences, and a four-year full-time clinical program in naturopathic medicine at a North American accredited college";
.
(click here,
.
(click here,
.
.
[in "Overview of Parenteral Therapy in Naturopathic Care"]
.
"naturopathic medical education provides the skills and knowledge to safely and effectively deliver parenteral therapy. This training includes a minimum of three years approved pre-med education and four years of full time naturopathic medical training and clinical sciences from an accredited College";
.
(click here,
.
.
[in "Revolutionizing Medicine:The Connection Between the Environment and Health -- OAND Convention 2009"]
.
"as with naturopathy, it is a systems-based science [...] this session will advance naturopathic knowledge and practice firstly by providing the scientific framework needed to understand the importance of helper T-cells";
.
(click here,
.
.
[in "The Benefits of Naturopathic Care for Firefighters"]
.
"naturopathic protocols are based on research and study, with an increasing body of evidence showing the scientific basis and validity of naturopathic approaches to health promotion and treatment";
.
(click here,
.
.

["the pulse" newsletter]
.
[in "The Pulse"(2008 Fall)]
.
"the naturopathic medical program includes four and a half years of studies including medical sciences [...] in order to become licensed, naturopathic doctors must pass two sets of North American board exams: firstly, the five basic medical science exams which include anatomy and histology, physiology, biochemistry, microbiology, and pathology; and secondly, the 10 clinical science exams which include physical & clinical diagnosis, laboratory diagnosis and diagnostic imaging, clinical nutrition, botanical medicine and pharmacology, emergency medicine, minor surgery, traditional Chinese medicine and acupuncture, classical homeopathy, physical medicine and counseling psychology";
.
(click here,
.
(click here,
.
.
[in "The Pulse"(2005 Summer)]
.
"a rigorous inquiry into the foundations of nature cure is trampled in the rush for scientific recognition [...] busy, all-female multi-disciplinary practice requires friendly, highly competent full-time licensed ND [...] with a science-based approach [etc.]";
.
(click here,
.
.
["natural path" newsletter]
.
.
[in "Natural Path"(1997-1998 Fall/Winter]
.
"after obtaining an undergraduate science degree, they must complete four years of training at a college recognized by the Canadian Naturopathic Association and also pass government-approved Board examinations";
.
(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
.
.
[in "Natural Path"(1998 Spring/Summer)]
.
"'there's a tendency to want to legitimize alternative therapies by means of scientific explanation' [...] a brand new theory to scientifically explain [etc....] a young, idealistic scientist [...] the brutal politics of science [...] not only in neuroscience [...]  and two other scientists [...] creating many embarrassing waves for science [...] as a scientist at the National Institute of Health [...] a bridge to get doctors and scientists to embrace a new scientific paradigm [...] the courage to lead the science of healing";
.
(click here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
.
.
[in "Natural Path"(1998 Fall)]
.
"has naturopathic medicine been scientifically verified? [...] indeed, modern scientific studies are now validating the use of a variety of naturopathic treatments [...] lack of funding and restricted resources for research into natural therapies hamper progress in scientific validation";
.
(click here,
 (for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
.
.
[in "Natural Path"(1999 Fall)]
.
"we have all heard of acupuncture. The common impression is that acupuncture is a voodoo magic involving the insertion of painful needles. The reality is that acupuncture is an extremely logical and scientific approach to wellness, and really quite painless [...] the scientific merit of acupuncture is only now being recognized and growing in mainstream acceptance [...] scientific studies have documented the release of endorphins";
.
(click here,
 (for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
.
.
[left off did 1999 fall

http://web.archive.org/web/20021003211744/http://oand.org/client/oand/oand.nsf/web/Newsletter+Main!OpenDocument ]

.
.
.
@ndontario.com
.
.
[in "Naturopathic Medicine: A Journey Towards Wellness"]
.
"naturopathic education [...requires] basic medical sciences [...] scientific research supports effectiveness";
.
(click here, 
.
.
[in "What is the Training Process to Become a Registered Naturopathic Doctor in Ontario?"]
.
 "naturopathic medical training closely parallels that of medical doctors [...including] three years of pre-med post-secondary education [...] the four-year [ND] program is comprised of over 4,500 hours of classroom training in basic medical science courses, clinical sciences and naturopathic therapies [...] graduates from an accredited naturopathic college receive the designation doctor of naturopathic medicine (ND) [...and] must successfully complete the [...] NPLEX [...] the standard examination used by all regulated provinces and states across North America [...] NDs are also required to earn continuing education credits on an ongoing basis to maintain their registration and good standing with the regulatory body";
.
(click here,
.
.
[in "Regulation and Education"]
.
"as with conventional medicine, naturopathic training requires three years of undergraduate pre-medical sciences and a four-year full-time program in health sciences, naturopathic principles and modalities";
.
(click here,
.
(click here,
.
.
[in "NDO: Naturopathic Doctors Ontario"]
.
"naturopathic training closely parallels medical training: three years of undergraduate pre-medical sciences, and a four year full-time clinical program in naturopathic medicine at a North American accredited college. This training prepares NDs for the challenges of primary care practice [...] science-based, safe and effective patient-centered care is at the heart of naturopathic care [...] naturopathic doctors are highly trained to use and combine these natural therapies [...including] homeopathy, Asian medicine and acupuncture";
.
.
(click here,
.
(click here,
.
.
[in "About NDO"]
.
"to promote the science [...] natural healing";
.
(click here,

.
[in "The Developmental Origins of Modern Disease - Are We Programmed to Develop Disease in the Womb?"]
.
"science is only at the beginning of the process of unraveling this concept";
.
(click here,

(click here,
.
. 
[in "Intestinal Permeability and Detoxification with Dr. Joseph Pizzorno"]
 .
"Dr. Joseph E. Pizzorno, Chairman, Scientific Advisory Board of Bioclinic Naturals, is one of the world’s leading authorities on science-based natural medicine [...] member of the Scientific Review Board of the Gateway for Cancer Research Foundation";
.
(click here,
.
(click here,
.
.
[in "Resources"]
.
"naturopathic medical education [...] National University of Health Sciences";
.
(click here,
.
.
the New Brunswick Association of Naturopathic Doctors states:
.
i.
.
[in "About Naturopathic Medicine"]
.
"naturopathic medicine [...] medicine is a [...] science [...] a naturopathic doctor blends modern clinical sciences with traditional healing practices [...] training to become an ND includes the prerequisite three years of university premedical sciences courses. The four year full time ND program at an accredited college includes the human medical sciences";
.
(click here,
.
(click here,
http://www.nband.ca/about_eng.html)[vsc 2010-08-04]
(archived here,
)
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
)
.
ii.
.
[in "Education"]
.
"after completing a pre-med degree, naturopathic medical students attend a four-year, accredited naturopathic medical school. The curriculum includes basic, medical, and clinical sciences";
.
(click here,
.
.
Newfoundland and Labrador:

.
Northwest Territories:
.
.
the Nova Scotia Association of Naturopathic Doctors states:
.
i.
.
[in "What is a Naturopathic Doctor?"]
.
"naturopathic medicine is a distinct primary health care system that blends modern scientific knowledge with traditional and natural forms of medicine [...] naturopathic medicine is the art and science of disease diagnosis, treatment and prevention using natural therapies […] naturopathic doctors [...] cooperate with other branches of medical science";
.
(click here,
http://nsand.ca/naturopath)[vsc 2011-02-28, 2013-01-27]
(archived here,
http://web.archive.org/web/20120226175554/http://nsand.ca/naturopath)[vsc 2013-01-27]
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
http://web.archive.org/web/*/http://nsand.ca/naturopath)
.
(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
(for a digg.com social bookmark of this {live page}, click here,
.
ii.
.
[in "NSAND Membership Application"]
.
"the Labor Mobility agreement of Canada requires that all applicants who have applied for 'full' or 'associate' membership after January 2000 will be required to have passed both the basic science and clinical portion of the Naturopathic Physicians Licensure Examination (NPLEX) [...] NPLEX (basic science [etc.]";
.
(click here,
.
iii.
.
[in "Naturopathic Medicine Misrepresented"{by Murphy, S. (ND CCNM)}(2008-02-25)]
.
.
"Mr. Kaufman did not offer an explanation of naturopathic medicine except to say that it was 'unscientific' [...] naturopathic medicine is indeed scientific and naturopathic medical training requires a minimum three years of pre-med sciences at a recognized university followed by a full-time four-year (3500 classroom hours and 1500 clinical hours) program based on scientific principals and clinical experience";
.
(click here,
http://nsand.ca/news/archive/9)[vsc 2010-08-04, 2011-02-28]
(archived here,
http://web.archive.org/web/20071111110831/http://nsand.ca/news/archive/9)[vsc 2010-08-04]
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
http://web.archive.org/web/*/http://nsand.ca/news/archive/9)
.
iv.
.
[in "Become a Member of NSAND"]
.
"the Labor Mobility agreement of Canada requires that all applicants [...] will be required to have passed both the basic science and clinical portion of the Naturopathic Physicians Licensure Examination (NPLEX)";
.
(click here,
.
v.
.
[in "Naturopathic Medicine"]
.
"naturopathic medicine [...] a distinct system of healing [...an] art, science and practice [...] education of naturopathic doctors [...] basic medical clinical sciences and assessment [...] training in basic medical sciences";
.
(click here,
.
vi.
.
[in "Education"]
.
"after completing a pre-med degree, naturopathic medical students attend a four-year, accredited naturopathic medical school. The curriculum includes basic, medical, and clinical sciences";
.
(click here,
.
vii.
.
[in "Frequently Asked Questions"]
.
"naturopathic medicine is a unique primary health care system that combines modern scientific knowledge with traditional and natural medicine [...] a naturopathic doctor is educated in all of the basic sciences";
.
(click here,
.
.
the Ontario Board of Directors of Drugless Therapy - Naturopathy states:
.
.
[in "Principles and Modalities"(2003-2013)]
.
"the body of knowledge that underlies treatment modalities used in modern naturopathic medical practice incorporates both traditional knowledge and the latest advances in medical science [...] botanical medicine [...] are the subject of an increasing amount of new scientific research";
.
(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
.
.
[in "Examinations"(2003-2013]
.
"the examinations committee of the Board of Directors of Drugless Therapy - Naturopathy (BDDT-N) is responsible for administration of the qualifying examinations for naturopathic doctor candidates in the province of Ontario. Since 1991, the BDDT-N has used the naturopathic physicians licensing examinations (NPLEX) series of five basic sciences and eight clinical sciences examinations plus five Ontario-based examinations ";
.
(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
.
.
.
.
[in "Booklet For Candidates Preparing For Ontario Board Examinations August 2006"]

.
"we require the following transcripts [...] NPLEX basic sciences (part i) series [...] clinical sciences (part II) series [...] NPLEX basic science transcript [...] NPLEX clinical sciences application [...] your basic science transcript [...] for any questions regarding NPLEX clinical sciences exams [...] in order to pass the NPLEX clinical science exam series under the expanded compensatory model, candidates must: 1) achieve a minimum score of 75 in physical and clinical diagnosis, and 2) have no examination score below 70, and 3) have an average score of at least 75 factoring in all of the clinical science examinations and the add-ons in acupuncture and homeopathy"; 
. 
(click here,
.
. .
.
.
[in "Guidelines for Candidates Preparing for Ontario Board Examinations - February 2009"]
.
"naturopathic doctor candidates making their initial application for registration to practice in Ontario must have successfully completed all of the following examinations [...] NPLEX part I basic sciences; NPLEX part II core clinical science integrated examination [...] for questions regarding NPLEX part II core clinical science integrated exam, kindly contact NABNE";
.
(click here,
http://www.blogger.com/www.boardofnaturopathicmedicine.on.ca/pdf/2009_Feb_Exam_Booklet_%20Application.pdf)
(archived here,
)
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
)
.

.
[similarly 2007](click here,
[similarly 2004](click here,
[similarly 2008](click here,
[similarly 2011](click here,
[similarly 2010](click here,
.
.
[in "Submission to: Health Professions Regulatory Advisory Council"(2008-11-12)]
.
"joint submission by CCNM, BDDT-N, OAND, CAND [...] NDs have training in the clinical sciences [...] the first year curriculum stresses the basic sciences [...] in second year, clinical science is stressed [...] NPLEX Part II - Core Clinical Science Competencies [...] basic science related to IV therapy [...] basic science (anatomy, physiology, biochemistry, microbiology, pathology) [...] their scientific binomial name [...] program requirements for its degree or diploma of a minimum of 4,100 total hours in basic and clinical sciences [etc....] Part I of the NPLEX, the Basic Science Examinations [...] students are encouraged to take this portion of the examination as soon as they finish their basic science coursework [...] Part II, the Core Clinical Science Examination [...] beginning with the August 2007 NPLEX Exam administration, the Part II - Core Clinical Science Series will be integrated into a single examination that will include homeopathy [...] naturopathic medicine is a  [...] science [...] naturopathic medicine is distinguished by the principles which underlie and determine its practice. These principles are based upon the objective observation of the nature of health and disease, and are continually reexamined in the light of scientific advances [...] naturopathic physicians are primary health care practitioners, whose diverse techniques include modern and traditional, scientific and empirical methods [...] Michael Traub, ND [...] he remains a member of the AANP’s Scientific Affairs Committee”;
.
(click here,
.
.
[in "Mutual Recognition Agreement Among Regulators of Naturopathic Medicine Amended as of June 3, 2009"]
.
"the applicant has successfully completed: the NPLEX Part I Basic Science Exam Series or NPLEX Part I Biomedical Science Examination, and the NPLEX Part II Core Clinical Science Examination or NPLEX Part II Clinical Science Examinations and add-on homeopathy [...] NPLEX Part I Basic Science Exam Series or NPLEX Part I Biomedical Science Examination and the NPLEX Part II Core Clinical Science Examination or NPLEX Part II Clinical Science Examinations and add-on homeopathy [...] National University of Health Sciences";
.
(click here,
.
.
[in "Booklet for Candidates Preparing for Ontario Board Examinations, February 2007"]
.
"NPLEX Basic Sciences (Part I) Series and, if applicable, Clinical Sciences (Part II) Series (any previous attempts) [...] except NPLEX Basic Science [...] the NPLEX Clinical Sciences application [...] your Basic Science transcript [...] for any questions regarding NPLEX Clinical Sciences exams [...] the NPLEX Clinical Science Exam series [...] all of the Clinical Science examinations";
.
(click here,
.

.
[in "Guide and Application to Amend the List of Substances Approved for Use in Parenteral Therapy"]
.
"generic or scientific name [...] the chemical name or scientific binomial [...] the scientific binomial [...] their scientific name [...] through scientific database searches [...] scientific database searches [...] generic or scientific name";
.
(click here,
.
.
[in "Approved Naturopathic Schools"]
.
"National University of Health Sciences";
.
.
.
there's a lot
.
.
[as http://www.bddtn.on.ca/]
.
.
.
.
.
.
the Prince Edward Island Association of Naturopathic Doctors states:
.
i.
.
[in "What is Naturopathic Medicine?"]
.
"naturopathic medicine is a distinct primary health care system that blends modern scientific knowledge with traditional and natural forms of medicine. Naturopathic medicine is the art and science of disease diagnosis, treatment and prevention [...] naturopathic doctors [...] cooperate with other branches of medical science [...] the naturopathic medical profession’s infrastructure includes [...] a commitment to state-of-the-art scientific research";
.
(click here, 
http://www.peiand.com/html/what_is_naturopathic_medicine.html)[vsc 2010-04-25, 2011-02-11]
(archived here,
)
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
http://web.archive.org/web/*/http://www.peiand.com/html/what_is_naturopathic_medicine.html)
.
ii.
.
[in "Questions: Education and Regulation"]
.
"like a conventional doctor, dentist, or chiropractor, the naturopathic doctor first completes pre-medical studies at university. The naturopathic student then enters into a four-year, full-time medical program at an accredited school of naturopathic medicine. Training includes basic, medical, and clinical science";
.
(click here,
http://www.peiand.com/html/education_and_regulation.html)[vsc 2011-02-11]
(archived here,
)
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
)
.
iii.
.
[in "Research"]
.
"the naturopathic profession in Canada recognizes the value of research and seeks to make appropriate use of science to further the understanding and advancement of naturopathic medicine";
.
(click here,
http://www.peiand.com/html/research.html)[vsc 2011-02-11]
(archived here,
)
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
)
.
iv.
.
[in "Questions: About Naturopathic Medicine"]
.
"naturopathic medicine is a distinct primary health care system that blends modern scientific knowledge with traditional and natural forms of medicine [...] naturopathic medicine is the art and science of disease diagnosis, treatment and prevention using natural therapies including: [...] homeopathy";
.
(click here,
http://www.peiand.com/html/about_naturopathic_medicine.html)[vsc 2011-02-11]
(archived here,
)
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
)
.
v.
.
[in "Meet our Naturopathic Doctors"]
.
"Dr.Gretchen MacLean  [...] an interest in the health sciences led her to the Canadian College of Naturopathic Medicine in Toronto where she received her doctorate in naturopathic medicine";
.
(click here,
http://www.peiand.com/html/our_naturopathic_doctors.html)[vsc 2011-02-11]
(archived here,
)
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
)
.
vi.
.
[in "Questions: Other Topics"]
.
"the qualifications to become a naturopathic doctor include: 3 years of pre-med sciences at a recognized university, followed by 4 years of full-time study at an accredited naturopathic college, plus successful completion of the Naturopathic Practitioner Licensing Examinations (NPLEX) and additional provincial or state regulatory board exams, as required. Contact one of the accredited naturopathic colleges for more information";
.
(click here,
http://www.peiand.com/html/other_topics.html)[vsc 2011-02-11]
(archived here,
)
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
)
.
.
the Quebec Association of Naturopathic Medicine states:
.
i.
.
[in "What is Naturopathic Medicine?"]
.
"naturopathic medicine [...] seeks to promote health through education and the scientific use of natural therapeutics";
.
(click here,
.
(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
.
ii.
.
[in "Guide to the Ethical Conduct of Naturopathic Doctors"]
.
"the naturopathic doctor will practice the art, science and spirit of the profession [...] will recognize a responsibility to give the generally held opinions of the profession when interpreting knowledge of a scientific nature to the public";
.
(click here,

.
iii.
.
[in "Scope of Practice of Naturopathic Medicine"]
.
"the field of psychoneuroimmunology has provided scientific research in support of the connection between the mind and body [...] their clinical uses and effects are described in detail in traditional and scientific literature";
.
(click here,
http://www.qanm.org/QANM/scope_of_practice.html)[vsc 2011-02-18]
.
iv.
.
["Naturopathic Education and Examination"]
.
"the basic training of naturopathic doctors is comparable to conventional doctors in terms of basic sciences and hours of training [...including] pre-medical sciences [...] the North American Board of Naturopathic Examiners (NABNE) [exam...] includes 5 basic sciences exams";
.
(click here,

v.
.
[in "Education"]
.
"minimum university degree with 3.00/4.00 or equivalent GPA: pre-medical sciences: inorganic chemistry, organic chemistry, biochemistry, biology [...] educational institutions must be accredited by the Council for Naturopathic Medical Education (CNME) [...and include] National University of Health Sciences [...] NPLEX is the standardized examination used by all licensed jurisdictions for naturopathic doctors in North America [...] administered by the North American Board of Naturopathic Examiners (NABNE), and includes: biomedical science examination (anatomy, physiology, biochemistry & genetics, microbiology & immunology, and pathology); core clinical science examination (physical, clinical, and lab diagnosis, diagnostic imaging, botanical medicine, nutrition, physical medicine, homeopathy, health psychology, emergency medicine, medical procedures, public health, pharmacology, and research";
.
(click here,
.
.
the Saskatchewan Association of Naturopathic Practitioners states:
.

[in "Saskatchewan Association of Naturopathic Practitioners: Policies and Procedures, Education Policy Adopted April 5, 2009" (2015)]
.
"currently approved schools include [...] National University of Health Sciences (Lombard, Illinois) [...] examination requirements for registration application include the successful completion of the Naturopathic Practitioner Licensing Examinations (NPLEX): • the NPLEX Part I Basic Science Examinations, and • the NPLEX Core Clinical Science Integrated Examination or NPLEX Part II Clinical Science Examination and add-on homeopathy";
.
(click here,
.
.
[in "Guide to the Ethical Conduct of Naturopathic Doctors" (2015)]
.
"the naturopathic doctor will practice the art, science and spirit of the profession [...] will recognize a responsibility to give the generally held opinions of the profession when interpreting knowledge of a scientific nature to the public";
.
(click here,
.
.
[in "Intravenous Therapy" (2015)]
.
"basic science related to IV therapy";
.
[2013](click here,
.
[2014](click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
.
.
[in "Becoming an SANP Member" (2013)]
.
"the training provided at an approved institution includes education in the same basic sciences as conventional or allopathic physicians [...] students of naturopathic medicine use the Western medical sciences as a foundation [...] during their first two years of study, the curriculum focuses on basic and clinical sciences";
.
(click here,
.
.
[in "Frequently Asked Questions" (2013)]
.
"naturopathic doctors cooperate with all other branches of medical science [...] a naturopathic doctor attends a 4 year nationally accredited naturopathic medical school which includes 2-3 years of clinical experience. This training includes [...] neuroscience [...] both a medical doctor and a naturopathic doctor are required to pass nationally recognized basic sciences board exams and clinical sciences board exams";
.
(click here,
(archived here,
https://web.archive.org/web/20131127020322/http://sanp.ca/faqs.html)
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
.
(click here,
http://www.sanp.ca/faq.htm)[vsc 2011-02-11]
.
(click here,
http://sanp.ca/faq.htm)[vsc 2010-12-24]

.
[in "About Naturopathic Medicine" (2012)]
.
"naturopathic physicians cooperate with all other branches of medical science [...] licensed naturopathic physicians have attended four-year professional-level programs at accredited institutions where they have been educated in the same basic sciences as allopathic physicians [...] during their first two years of study, the curriculum focuses on basic and clinical sciences [...] students of naturopathic medicine use the Western medical sciences as a foundation"; 
(click here,
http://www.sanp.ca/about_us.htm)[vsc 2010-05-10, 2011-02-11]
(archived here,
https://web.archive.org/web/20120730221647/http://sanp.ca/about_us.htm)
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
.
.
[in "Members" (2012)]
.
"successful completion of North American licensing exams including basic sciences (anatomy, biochmistry [sp., biochemistry], microbiology, immunology, physiology and pathology), as well as clinical sciences [...including] homeopathy";
.
(click here
http://www.sanp.ca/members.htm)[vsc 2010-12-24, 2011-02-11]
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
.
.
[in "May 3rd – 10th, 2010 is Naturopathic Medicine Week" (2010)]
.
"naturopathic doctors are primary health care providers with 7 years post-secondary education that practice safe, effective, natural science-based health care";
.
(click here,
http://www.sanp.ca/)[vsc 2010-05-10]

.
[in "Naturopathic Medicine" (2007)]
.
"naturopathic medicine is a distinct primary health care system that blends modern scientific knowledge with traditional and natural forms of medicine. Naturopathic medicine is the art and science of disease diagnosis, treatment and prevention using natural therapies including [...] homeopathy";
.
(click here
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
.
.
the Yukon Association of Naturopathic Doctors states:
.
.
[in 'homepage' (2015)]
.
"we promote the educational, professional, economic, and scientific well-being of our members [...] naturopathic medicine is a distinct form of health care blending modern science with traditionally used medicines. It is the art and science of disease prevention and health promotion through the use of natural therapies such as herbal medicine, clinical nutrition, hydrotherapy, homeopathy, traditional Chinese medicine (acupuncture), and lifestyle counseling";
.
(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
.
.
D. nonAANP type state org.s: (apparently)
.
.
the South Carolina Association of Naturopathic Medicine states:
.
.
[in "Introduction to Naturopathic Medicine"]
.
“naturopathic medicine [...is a] science [...] the principles of naturopathy continue to be confirmed and validated as ongoing scientific knowledge of natural healing becomes available […] ongoing research in diagnosis, nutrition, botanical medicine, homeopathy, manipulative medicine, physiotherapeutics, psychology, immunology and other biomedical and clinical sciences continue to contribute to the development of naturopathic medicine”;
.
(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
.
.
E. medical state org.s (likely critics):
.
.
the Massachusetts Medical Society states:
.
[MMS has traditionally OPPOSED ND licensure in MA]
.
.
[in "MMS Code of Ethics"]
.
"a physician shall uphold the standard of professionalism, be honest in all professional interactions, and strive to report physicians deficient in character or competence, or engaging in fraud or deception [...] a physician shall continue to study, apply and advance scientific knowledge"
.
(click here,
http://www.massmed.org/AM/Template.cfm?Section=About&CONTENTID=3864&TEMPLATE=/CM/HTMLDisplay.cfm)
(archived here,
)
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
)
.
.
[in "On Considering Alternative Medicine"]
.
"[a letter by Atwood] a small group of naturopaths, who refer to themselves as ‘naturopathic physicians’ or ‘naturopathic doctors’ (N.D.s), seeks licensure in Massachusetts. These naturopaths claim to be primary care physicians and to be adequately trained for this calling. They state that they have learned the same basic sciences as medical students and that their methods have been scientifically validated";
.
(click here,
.
.
F. regional CAM proponents:
.
.
the Goshen Health System - The Retreat Woman's Health Center states:
.
.
[in "Complementary and Alternative Medicine" ()]
.
"the naturopathic physicians at The Retreat are clinically trained in the use of a wide variety of natural therapeutics. The specialists work with all other branches of medical science, referring patients to other healthcare practitioners for diagnosis or treatment when appropriate";
.
(click here,
http://womans1.com/main.asp?id=119)
(archived here,
)
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
)
.
.
[in "Healthwords For Women" (2004)]
.
"promote self-healing with naturopathic medicine. The whole person is treated with naturopathic medicine, also known as alternative medicine. The naturopathic practitioners at Goshen Health System [...] these specialists work with all other branches of medical science";
.
(click here,
http://www.womans1.com/pdf/GoshenHWWamWinter04.pdf)
(archived here,
)
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
)
.
.
Griffin Hospital’s Integrative Medical Center states:
.
.
[in “Integrative Medicine Center” (2006)]
.
“naturopathic medicine […NDs study] the basic medical sciences”;
.
[also in "Frequently Asked Questions"](click here,
.
(click here,
.
.
the Texas Integrative Health Center states:
.
.
[in “Naturopathic Medicine” ()]
.
“the practice of naturopathic medicine emerges from six underlying principles of healing. These principles are based on the objective observation of the nature of health and disease, and are continually reexamined in light of scientific analysis”;
.
(click here,
http://txhc.us/cms/index2.php?option=com_content&do_pdf=1&id=19)
(archived here,
)
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
)
.
.
the Washington Higher Education Facilities Authority states:
.
.
[in "Summary of Financings: Bastyr University" (2006)]
.
"Bastyr University is located northeast of Seattle on the northern edge of Lake Washington [...] is one of the world's leading academic centers for advancing knowledge in the natural health sciences";
.
(click here,
.
.